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"Muhammad the Apostle of God"
inscribed on the gates of the Prophet´s Mosque in Medina
Muḥammad ibn `Abd Allāh (Arabic: مُحَمَّد بِن عَبد الله)
|Died||8 June 632
Medina, Hejaz, Arabia
(present-day Saudi Arabia)
|Cause of death||Fever|
583–609 CE as merchant
609–632 CE as religious leader
|Notable work||Constitution of Medina|
|Relatives||Family tree of Muhammad, Ahl al-Bayt ("Family of the House")|
|Patronymic (Nasab)||Muḥammad ibn 'Abd Allah ibn 'Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf ibn Qusai ibn Kilab|
|Teknonymic (Kunya)||Abu al-Qasim|
|Epithet (Laqab)||Khātim an-Nâbîyīn|
|Seal of Muhammad|
Muhammad (Arabic: محمد; pronounced [muħammad]; c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE) is the central figure of Islam and widely regarded as its founder by non-Muslims. He is known as the "Holy Prophet" to Muslims, almost all of whom consider him to be the last prophet sent by God to mankind to restore Islam, believed by Muslims to be the unaltered original monotheistic faith of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. Muhammad united Arabia into a single Muslim polity and ensured that his teachings, practices, and the Quran, formed the basis of Islamic religious belief.
Born approximately 570 CE in the Arabian city of Mecca, Muhammad was orphaned at an early age; he was raised under the care of his paternal uncle Abu Talib. Periodically, he would seclude himself in a mountain cave named Hira for several nights of prayer; later, at age 40, he reported being visited by Gabriel in the cave, where he stated he received his first revelation from God. Three years later, in 610, Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that "God is One", that complete "surrender" (lit. islām) to him is the only way (dīn) acceptable to God, and that he was a prophet and messenger of God, similar to the other prophets in Islam.
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