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Muhammad

Islamic prophet
Muhammad
مُحَمَّد
Dark vignette Al-Masjid AL-Nabawi Door800x600x300.jpg
"Muhammad the Apostle of God"
inscribed on the gates of the Prophet´s Mosque in Medina
Born Muḥammad ibn `Abd Allāh (Arabic: مُحَمَّد بِن عَبد الله‎‎)
570
Died 8 June 632
Medina, Hejaz, Arabia
(present-day Saudi Arabia)
Cause of death Fever
Resting place
Green Dome at al-Masjid an-Nabawi, Medina
(present-day Saudi Arabia)

Coordinates: 24°28′03.22″N 039°36′41.18″E / 24.4675611°N 39.6114389°E / 24.4675611; 39.6114389 (Green Dome)
Other names
Years active
583–609 CE as merchant
609–632 CE as religious leader
Notable work Constitution of Medina
Successor
Abu Bakr (as 1st Rashidun caliph)
Ali (per Shia view)
Opponent(s)
Spouse(s)
Wives Married
Khadija bint Khuwaylid 595–619
Sawda bint Zamʿa 619–632
Aisha bint Abi Bakr 619–632
Hafsa bint Umar 624–632
Zaynab bint Khuzayma 625–627
Hind bint Abi Umayya 625–632
Zaynab bint Jahsh 627–632
Juwayriyya bint al-Harith 628–632
Ramla bint Abi Sufyan 628–632
Rayhana bint Zayd 629–631
Safiyya bint Huyayy 629–632
Maymunah bint al-Harith 630–632
Maria al-Qibtiyya 630–632
Children
Parent(s)
Relatives Family tree of Muhammad, Ahl al-Bayt  ("Family of the House")
Arabic name
Personal (Ism) Muhammad
Patronymic (Nasab) Muḥammad ibn 'Abd Allah ibn 'Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf ibn Qusai ibn Kilab
Teknonymic (Kunya) Abu al-Qasim
Epithet (Laqab) Khātim an-Nâbîyīn
Signature
Seal of Muhammad

Muhammad (Arabic: محمد‎‎; pronounced [muħammad]; c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE) is the central figure of Islam and widely regarded as its founder by non-Muslims. He is known as the "Holy Prophet" to Muslims, almost all of whom consider him to be the last prophet sent by God to mankind to restore Islam, believed by Muslims to be the unaltered original monotheistic faith of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. Muhammad united Arabia into a single Muslim polity and ensured that his teachings, practices, and the Quran, formed the basis of Islamic religious belief.

Born approximately 570 CE in the Arabian city of Mecca, Muhammad was orphaned at an early age; he was raised under the care of his paternal uncle Abu Talib. Periodically, he would seclude himself in a mountain cave named Hira for several nights of prayer; later, at age 40, he reported being visited by Gabriel in the cave, where he stated he received his first revelation from God. Three years later, in 610, Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that "God is One", that complete "surrender" (lit. islām) to him is the only way (dīn) acceptable to God, and that he was a prophet and messenger of God, similar to the other prophets in Islam.


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