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Japan

Japan
日本国
Nippon-koku
Nihon-koku
Centered red circle on a white rectangle
Golden circle subdivided by golden wedges with rounded outer edges and thin black outlines
Flag Imperial Seal
Anthem: 

"His Imperial Majesty's Reign"
Government Seal of Japan
  • Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister and the Government of Japan
  • Go-Shichi no Kiri (五七桐)
Location of Japan
Capital
and largest city
Tokyo
35°41′N 139°46′E / 35.683°N 139.767°E / 35.683; 139.767
Official languages None
Recognised regional languages
National languages Japanese
Ethnic groups (2011)
Religion
Demonym Japanese
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Emperor
Akihito
Shinzō Abe
Tarō Asō
Legislature National Diet
House of Councillors
House of Representatives
Formation
11 February 660 BCE
November 29, 1890
May 3, 1947
April 28, 1952
Area
• Total
377,972.28 km2 (145,935.91 sq mi) (62nd)
• Water (%)
0.8
Population
• 2015 census
127,110,047 (10th)
• Density
340.8/km2 (882.7/sq mi) (36th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$4.901 trillion (4th)
• Per capita
$38,731 (29th)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$4.412 trillion (3rd)
• Per capita
$34,871 (25th)
Gini (2008) 37.6
medium · 76th
HDI (2014) Increase 0.891
very high · 20th
Currency Yen (¥) / En (JPY)
Time zone JST (UTC+9)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC+9)
Date format
  • yyyy-mm-dd
  • yyyy年m月d日
  • Era yy年m月d日 (CE−1988)
Drives on the left
Calling code +81
ISO 3166 code JP
Internet TLD .jp

Coordinates: 35°N 136°E / 35°N 136°E / 35; 136

Japan (Japanese: 日本 Nippon [nip̚põ̞ɴ] or Nihon [nihõ̞ɴ]; formally 日本国 About this sound Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, "State of Japan") is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, the East China Sea, China, Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the southwest. The kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", and it is often called the "Land of the Rising Sun".


Rank Country Total Percentage change
1  China 4,993,689 107.3%
2  South Korea 4,002,095 45.3%
3  Taiwan 3,677,075 29.9%
4  Hong Kong 1,524,292 64.6%
5  United States 1,033,258 15.9%
6  Thailand 796,731 21.2%
7  Australia 376,075 24.3%
8  Singapore 308,783 35.5%
9  Malaysia 305,447 22.4%
10  Philippines 268,361 45.7%
11  United Kingdom 258,488 17.5%
12  Canada 231,390 26.5%
Rest countries 19,737,409 47.1%

Government
General information
  • Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister and the Government of Japan
  • Go-Shichi no Kiri (五七桐)
  • yyyy-mm-dd
  • yyyy年m月d日
  • Era yy年m月d日 (CE−1988)
  • Flath (2000). The Japanese Economy. Oxford University Press. ISBN . 
  • Henshall (2001). A History of Japan. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN . 
  • Iwabuchi (2002). Recentering Globalization: Popular Culture and Japanese Transnationalism. Duke University Press. ISBN . 
  • Jansen (2000). The Making of Modern Japan. Belknap. ISBN . 
  • Kato; et al. (1997). A History of Japanese Literature: From the Man'Yoshu to Modern Times. Japan Library. ISBN . 
  • Pilling, David (2014). Bending Adversity: Japan and the Art of Survival. London: Allen Lane. ISBN . 
  • Samuels (2008). Securing Japan: Tokyo's Grand Strategy and the Future of East Asia. Cornell University Press. ISBN . 
  • Silverberg (2007). Erotic Grotesque Nonsense: The Mass Culture of Japanese Modern Times. University of California Press. ISBN . 
  • Sugimoto; et al. (2003). An Introduction to Japanese Society. Cambridge University Press. ISBN . 
  • Taggart Murphy, R. (2014). Japan and the Shackles of the Past. Oxford and New York, NY: Oxford University Press. ISBN . 
  • Varley (2000). Japanese Culture. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN . 
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Wikipedia

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