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Islam in India

Indian Muslims
Total population
approx. 180 million (2015 estimate)
Regions with significant populations
Throughout India
Majority in Jammu and Kashmir and Lakshadweep. Large concentration in Assam and West Bengal. Large populations in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra and Kerala.
Main languages spoken are Urdu, Bengali, Dakhini, Awadhi, Arabic and some other regional languages of India
Sunni, Ahle Sunnat Barelvi, Ahmadiyya, Shia, Dawoodi Bohra, Wahabi and Deobandi.
Colonial India
British Indian Empire
Imperial entities of India
Dutch India 1605–1825
Danish India 1620–1869
French India 1769–1954

Portuguese India
Casa da Índia 1434–1833
Portuguese East India Company 1628–1633

British India
East India Company 1612–1757
Company rule in India 1757–1858
British Raj 1858–1947
British rule in Burma 1824–1948
Princely states 1721–1949
Partition of India

Islam is the second largest religion in India, with 14.2% of the country's population or roughly 172 million people identifying as adherents of Islam (2011 census). Islam first came to the western coast of India when Arab traders as early as the 7th century AD came to coastal Malabar and Konkan-Gujarat.Cheraman Juma Masjid in Kerala is thought to be the first mosque in India, built in 629 AD by Malik lbn Dinar. Following an expedition by the governor of Bahrain to Bharuch in the 7th century AD, immigrant Arab and Persian trading communities from South Arabia and the Persian Gulf began settling in coastal Gujarat.Dawoodi Bohra Ismailli Shia was established in Gujarat in the second half of the 11th century, when Fatimid Imam Mustansir sent missionaries to Gujarat in 467 AH/1073 AD. Islam arrived in North India in the 12th century via the Turkic invasions and has since become a part of India's religious and cultural heritage. Over the centuries, there has been significant integration of Hindu and Muslim cultures across India and Muslims have played a prominent role in India's economic rise and cultural influence.