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Urdu example.svg
Urdu in Perso-Arabic script (Nastaliq style)
Pronunciation [ˈʊrd̪u]
Native to North India
Native speakers
65 million (80% in India) (2007)
Second language: 94 million in Pakistan (1999).
Official status
Official language in
Regulated by
Language codes
ISO 639-1 ur
ISO 639-2
ISO 639-3
Glottolog urdu1245
Linguasphere 59-AAF-q (with Hindi,
including 58 varieties: 59-AAF-qaa to 59-AAF-qil)
Urdu official-language areas.png
  Areas where Urdu is either official or co-official
  Areas where Urdu is neither official nor co-official
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Urdu (/ˈʊərd/; Urdu: اُردُوALA-LC: Urdū; IPA: [ˈʊrd̪uː], or Modern Standard Urdu) is a standardised register of the Hindustani language. It is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan, and an official language of six states of India. It is also one of the 22 official languages recognized in the Constitution of India. Hyderabad, Rampur, Bhopal and Lucknow are noted Urdu-speaking cities of India.