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Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria

Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria
Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ
Coptic cross.svg
Coptic Orthodox Cross
Reads: Jesus Christ, the Son of God
Founded 42 AD (according to tradition)
Founder The Apostle and Evangelist Mark
Independence Apostolic Age
Recognition Oriental Orthodoxy
Current Head Tawadros II
Headquarters Alexandria and Cairo, Egypt
Territory Egypt and all Africa
Possessions Egypt, Libya, Sudan, South Sudan, Middle East, Israel, South Africa, Canada, United States, Great Britain, France, Western Europe, South America, Australia, New Zealand, Oceania, Southeast Asia and the Caribbean Islands
Language Coptic, Arabic, Greek, Hebrew, English, French, German, Swahili, Afrikaans, and several other languages
Members ~16 - 18 million total: 9-15 million in Egypt, 500,000 in Sudan, 60,000 Libya, 1 - 2 million in Coptic diaspora
Website Official Website of HH Pope Tawadros II
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Architecture · Art · Calendar

Coptology · Cross ·Fasting
Flag · History · Identity
Literature ·
Music · Monasticism

Nationalism · Persecution
Egypt · Sudan · Libya

United States (Churches)
Canada (Churches)
Australia (Churches)
Africa · Asia
Europe · South America
Coptic Diaspora

Orthodoxy · Catholicism

Evangelicals · Other Protestants

Egyptian language · Coptic language
Writing Systems
Hieroglyphs · Hieratic

Demotic · Coptic

The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria is the largest Christian Church in Egypt and Northeast Africa.

According to tradition, the Church was established by Saint Mark, an apostle and evangelist, in the middle of the 1st century (approximately AD 42). The head of the Church and the See of Alexandria is the Patriarch of Alexandria on the Holy See of Saint Mark, who also carries the title of Coptic Pope. The See of Alexandria is titular, and today the Coptic Pope presides from Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in the Abbassia District in Cairo.

The Coptic Orthodox Church belongs to the Oriental Orthodox family of Churches, which has been a distinct Christian body since the schism following the Council of Chalcedon in AD 451, when it took a different position over Christology from that of the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church. The precise Christological differences that caused the split with the Coptic Christians are still disputed, highly technical, and mainly concerned with the nature of Christ. The foundational roots of the Coptic Church are based in Egypt, but it has a worldwide following.

Coptology · Cross ·Fasting
Flag · History · Identity
Literature ·
Music · Monasticism