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2003 invasion of Iraq

2003 invasion of Iraq
Part of the Iraq War
UStanks baghdad 2003.JPEG
U.S. Army M1A1 Abrams tanks and their crews pose for a photo in front of the "Hands of Victory" monument at Baghdad's Ceremony Square in November 2003.
Date 20 March – 1 May 2003
(1 month, 1 week and 4 days)
Location Iraq
Result

Coalition victory

Belligerents

Coalition forces:
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Australia
 Poland


With military support from:
Iraqi National Congress
Iraqi Kurdistan Peshmerga

Iraq


Ansar al-Islam
Commanders and leaders

United States George W. Bush
United States Tommy Franks
United Kingdom Tony Blair
United Kingdom Brian Burridge

Australia John Howard
Poland Leszek Miller

Masoud Barzani
Babakir Zebari
Jalal Talabani
Kosrat Rasul Ali
Ahmed Chalabi
Iraq Saddam Hussein
Iraq Qusay Hussein
Iraq Uday Hussein
Iraq Abid Hamid Mahmud
Iraq Ali Hassan al-Majid
Iraq Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti
Iraq Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri
Iraq Ra'ad al-Hamdani
Abu Abdullah Warya Salih Shafi (Ansar-ul-Islam commander)
Strength

380,000 troops

 United States: 192,000 troops
 United Kingdom: 45,000

 Australia: 2,000
 Poland: 194

Iraqi Kurdistan Peshmerga: 70,000

Iraqi National Congress: 620

Coat of arms (emblem) of Iraq 1991-2004.svg Iraqi Armed Forces: 375,000
Iraqi Republican Guard Symbol.svg Special Iraqi Republican Guard: 12,000
Iraqi Republican Guard Symbol.svg Iraqi Republican Guard: 70,000–75,000
Fedayeen Saddam SSI.svg Fedayeen Saddam: 30,000
Iraqi reserves: 650,000


Ansar al-Islam: 600–800
Casualties and losses

Coalition:
172 killed (139 U.S., 33 UK)
551 wounded (U.S.)
Peshmerga:
24+ killed

Total:
196+ killed

Estimated Iraqi combatant fatalities: 30,000 (figure attributed to General Tommy Franks)


7,600–11,000 (4,895–6,370 observed and reported) (Project on Defense Alternatives study)


13,500–45,000 (extrapolated from fatality rates in units serving around Baghdad)
Total: 7,600–45,000 killed

Estimated Iraqi civilian fatalities:
7,269 (Iraq Body Count)
3,200–4,300 (Project on Defense Alternatives study)

392,979 to 942,636 excess Iraqi deaths by June 2006 (Lancet Report)

48,000 to 751,000 excess Iraqi deaths by June 2011 (University Collaborative Iraq Mortality Study)

Coalition victory

Coalition forces:
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Australia
 Poland

With military support from:
Iraqi National Congress
Iraqi Kurdistan Peshmerga


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