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State of Oregon
Flag of Oregon State seal of Oregon
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): Beaver State
Motto(s): Alis volat propriis (Latin: She flies with her own wings)
State song(s): "Oregon, My Oregon"
Map of the United States with Oregon highlighted
Official language De jure: none
De facto: English
Demonym Oregonian
Capital Salem
Largest city Portland
Largest metro Portland metropolitan area
Area Ranked 9th
 • Total 98,381 sq mi
(254,806 km2)
 • Width 400 miles (640 km)
 • Length 360 miles (580 km)
 • % water 2.4
 • Latitude 42° N to 46° 18′ N
 • Longitude 116° 28′ W to 124° 38′ W
Population Ranked 27th
 • Total 4,093,465 (2016 est.)
 • Density 39.9/sq mi  (15.0/km2)
Ranked 39th
 • Median household income $60,834 (17th)
 • Highest point Mount Hood
11,249 ft (3,428.8 m)
 • Mean 3,300 ft  (1,000 m)
 • Lowest point Pacific Ocean
sea level
Before statehood Oregon Territory
Admission to Union February 14, 1859 (33rd)
Governor Kate Brown (D)
Secretary of State Dennis Richardson (R)
Legislature Legislative Assembly
 • Upper house State Senate
 • Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Ron Wyden (D)
Jeff Merkley (D)
U.S. House delegation 4 Democrats, 1 Republican (list)
Time zones  
 • most of state Pacific: UTC −8/−7
 • most of Malheur County Mountain: UTC −7/−6
ISO 3166 US-OR
Abbreviations OR, Ore.
Oregon state symbols
Flag of Oregon.svg
Seal of Oregon.svg
Living insignia
Bird Western meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)
Crustacean Dungeness crab
(Metacarcinus magister)
Fish Chinook salmon
(Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)
Flower Oregon grape
(Mahonia aquifolium)
Grass Bluebunch wheatgrass
(Pseudoroegneria spicata)
Insect Oregon swallowtail
(Papilio oregonius)
Mammal American beaver
(Castor canadensis)
Tree Douglas-fir
Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Dance Square dance
Food Pear
Fossil Metasequoia
Gemstone Oregon sunstone
Motto Alis volat propriis
Rock Thunderegg
Shell Oregon hairy triton
(Fusitriton oregonensis)
Slogan The Union
Soil Jory soil
Song "Oregon, My Oregon"
State route marker
Oregon state route marker
State quarter
Oregon quarter dollar coin
Released in 2005
Lists of United States state symbols

Oregon (Listeni/ˈɒrɡən/ ORR-ə-gən) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. Oregon is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the north by Washington, on the south by California, on the east by Idaho, and on the southeast by Nevada. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary, and the Snake River delineates much of the eastern boundary. The parallel 42° north delineates the southern boundary with California and Nevada. It is one of only three states of the contiguous United States to have a coastline on the Pacific Ocean, and its proximity to the ocean heavily influences the state's mild winter climate despite its northern latitude.



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