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State of Nevada
Flag of Nevada State seal of Nevada
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): Silver State (official);
Sagebrush State; Battle Born State
Motto(s): All for Our Country
Map of the United States with Nevada highlighted
Official language De jure: None
De facto: English
Demonym Nevadan
Capital Carson City
Largest city Las Vegas
Largest metro Las Vegas–Paradise, NV MSA
Area Ranked 7th
 • Total 110,572 sq mi
(286,380 km2)
 • Width 322 miles (519 km)
 • Length 492 miles (787 km)
 • % water 0.72
 • Latitude 35° N to 42° N
 • Longitude 114° 2′ W to 120° W
Population Ranked 34th
 • Total 2,940,058 (2016 est)
 • Density 26.8/sq mi  (10.3/km2)
Ranked 42nd
 • Median household income $52,008 (34th)
 • Highest point Boundary Peak
13,147 ft (4007.1 m)
 • Mean 5,500 ft  (1680 m)
 • Lowest point Colorado River at California border
481 ft (147 m)
Before statehood Nevada Territory, Utah Territory, New Mexico Territory
Admission to Union October 31, 1864 (36th)
Governor Brian Sandoval (R)
Lieutenant Governor Mark Hutchison (R)
Legislature Nevada Legislature
 • Upper house Senate
 • Lower house Assembly
U.S. Senators Dean Heller (R)
Catherine Cortez Masto (D)
U.S. House delegation 1: Dina Titus (D)
2: Mark Amodei (R)
3: Jacky Rosen (D)
4: Ruben Kihuen (D) (list)
Time zones  
 • most of state Pacific: UTC −8/−7
 • West Wendover Mountain: UTC −7/−6
ISO 3166 US-NV
Abbreviations NV, Nev.
Website www.nv.gov
Nevada state symbols
Flag of Nevada.svg
Living insignia
Bird Mountain bluebird (Sialia currucoides)
Fish Lahontan cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii henshawi)
Flower Sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata)
Reptile Desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii)
Tree Bristlecone pine (Pinus monophylla)
Inanimate insignia
Mineral Silver
Motto All for our Country
Rock Sandstone
Song "Home Means Nevada"
State route marker
Nevada state route marker
State quarter
Nevada quarter dollar coin
Released in 2006
Lists of United States state symbols

Nevada (Spanish for "snowy"; see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 34th most populous, and the 9th least densely populated of the 50 United States. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area where three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located. Nevada's capital is Carson City. Nevada is officially known as the "Silver State" because of the importance of silver to its history and economy. It is also known as the "Battle Born State", because it achieved statehood during the Civil War (the words "Battle Born" also appear on the state flag); as the "Sage-brush State", for the native plant of the same name; and as the "Sage-hen State". Nevada borders Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast and Utah to the east.


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