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Andorra

Principality of Andorra
Principat d'Andorra
Flag of Andorra
Coat of arms of Andorra
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Virtus Unita Fortior
United virtue is stronger
Anthem: El Gran Carlemany
The Great Charlemagne
Location of  Andorra  (center of green circle)in Europe  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Andorra  (center of green circle)

in Europe  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Andorra la Vella
42°30′N 1°31′E / 42.500°N 1.517°E / 42.500; 1.517Coordinates: 42°30′N 1°31′E / 42.500°N 1.517°E / 42.500; 1.517
Official languages Catalana
Recognised languages
Ethnic groups (2012) 49% Andorran
24.6% Spanish
14.3% Portuguese
3.9% French
8.2% others
Demonym Andorran
Government Unitary parliamentary Semi-Elective diarchy
Joan Enric Vives Sicília
François Hollande
Josep Maria Mauri
Jean-Pierre Hugues
Antoni Martí
Legislature General Council
Independence
• from Aragon
1278
• from the French Empire
1814
Area
• Total
467.63 km2 (180.55 sq mi) (179th)
• Water (%)
0.26 (121.4 ha)b
Population
• 2014 estimate
85,470
• Density
179.8/km2 (465.7/sq mi) (71st)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
• Total
$4.510 billion (155th)
• Per capita
$53,383 (9th)
Gini (2003) 27.21c
low
HDI (2014) Increase 0.845
very high · 34th
Currency Eurod (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +376
ISO 3166 code AD
Internet TLD .ade
  1. Constitution of Andorra, Article 2.1. Spanish, French, and Portuguese are also widely spoken and understood. (See Languages of Andorra.)
  2. (French) Girard P & Gomez P (2009), Lacs des Pyrénées: Andorre. "Andorra en xifres 2007: Situació geogràfica, Departament d'Estadística, Govern d'Andorra" (PDF). 
  3. "Informe sobre l'estat de la pobresa i la desigualtat al Principal d'Andorra (2003)" (PDF). Estadistica.ad. 
  4. Before 1999, the French franc and Spanish peseta; the coins and notes of both currencies, however, remained legal tender until 2002. Small amounts of Andorran diners (divided into 100 centim) were minted after 1982.
  5. Also .cat, shared with Catalan-speaking territories.

in Europe  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

Andorra (Listeni/ænˈdɔːrə/; Catalan: [ənˈdorə], locally: [anˈdɔra]), officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Catalan: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France. Created under a charter in 988, the present principality was formed in 1278. It is known as a principality as it is a monarchy headed by two Co-Princes – the Roman Catholic Bishop of Urgell in Spain, and the President of France.


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