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St. Louis

St. Louis
Saint-Louis
Independent city
City of St. Louis
From top left: Forest Park Jewel Box, MetroLink at Lambert-St. Louis International Airport, Apotheosis of St. Louis at the St. Louis Art Museum, The Gateway Arch and the St. Louis skyline, Busch Stadium, and the St. Louis Zoo
Flag of St. Louis
Flag
Official seal of St. Louis
Seal
Nickname(s): Gateway to the West, The Gateway City, Mound City, The Lou, Rome of the West, River City
St. Louis is located in Missouri
St. Louis
St. Louis
Location in the state of Missouri
Coordinates: 38°37′38″N 90°11′52″W / 38.62722°N 90.19778°W / 38.62722; -90.19778Coordinates: 38°37′38″N 90°11′52″W / 38.62722°N 90.19778°W / 38.62722; -90.19778
Country United States
State Missouri
County None (Independent city)
Metro Greater St. Louis
Founded 1764
Incorporated 1822
Named for Louis IX of France
Government
 • Type Mayor–council government
 • Mayor Francis G. Slay (D)
Area
 • Independent city 66 sq mi (170 km2)
 • Land 61.9 sq mi (160 km2)
 • Water 4.1 sq mi (11 km2)
 • Urban 923.6 sq mi (2,392.2 km2)
 • Metro 8,458 sq mi (21,910 km2)
Elevation 466 ft (142 m)
Highest elevation 614 ft (187 m)
Population (2010)
 • Independent city 319,294
 • Estimate (2015) 315,685
 • Rank US: 60th
MO: 2nd
Midwest: 11th
 • Density 5,099.9/sq mi (1,969.1/km2)
 • Urban 2,150,706 (US: 20th)
 • Metro 2,811,588 (US: 20th)
 • CSA 2,916,447 (US: 19th)
Demonym(s) St. Louisan
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
ZIP Codes
Area code 314
Website stlouis-mo.gov

St. Louis (/snt ˈlɪs/) is an independent city and major U.S. port in the State of Missouri, built along the western bank of the Mississippi River, on the border with Illinois. The city has an estimated 2015 population of 315,685, and is the cultural and economic center of the Greater St. Louis area (home to 2,916,447 people), making it the largest metropolitan area in Missouri and the 19th-largest in the United States.

Prior to European settlement, the area was a major regional center of Native American Mississippian culture. The city of St. Louis was founded in 1764 by French fur traders Pierre Laclède and Auguste Chouteau, and named after Louis IX of France. The area was ceded to Spain following France's defeat in the Seven Years' War (the area east of the Mississippi was ceded to Britain). In 1800, Spanish Louisiana was retroceded back to France. In 1803, the United States acquired the territory as part of the Louisiana Purchase.


Name Description Photo
Gateway Arch At 630-foot (192 m), it is the world's tallest arch and tallest man-made monument in the Western Hemisphere,. Built as a monument to the westward expansion of the United States, it is the centerpiece of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. thumb
St. Louis Art Museum Built for the 1904 World's Fair, with a building designed by Cass Gilbert, the museum houses paintings, sculptures, and cultural objects. The museum is located in Forest Park, and admission is free. thumb
Missouri Botanical Garden Founded in 1859, the Missouri Botanical Garden is one of the oldest botanical institutions in the United States and a National Historic Landmark. It spans 79-acres in the Shaw neighborhood, including a 14-acre (5.7 ha) Japanese garden and the Climatron geodesic dome conservatory. thumb
Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis Completed in 1914, it is the mother church of the Archdiocese of St. Louis and the seat of its archbishop. The church is known for its large mosaic installation (which is one of the largest in the Western Hemisphere), burial crypts, and its outdoor sculpture. thumb
City Hall Located in Downtown West, City Hall was designed by Harvey Ellis in 1892 in the Renaissance Revival style. It is reminiscent of the Hôtel de Ville, Paris. thumb
Central Library Completed in 1912, the Central Library building was designed by Cass Gilbert. It serves as the main location for the St. Louis Public Library. thumb
City Museum City Museum is a play house museum, consisting largely of repurposed architectural and industrial objects, housed in the former International Shoe building in the Washington Avenue Loft District. thumb
Old Courthouse Built in the 19th century, it served as a federal and state courthouse. The Dred Scott case was tried at the courthouse in 1846. thumb
St. Louis Science Center Founded in 1963, it includes a science museum and a planetarium, and is situated in Forest Park. Admission is free. It is one of only two science centers in the United States which offers free general admission. thumb
St. Louis Symphony Founded in 1880, the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra is the second-oldest symphony orchestra in the United States, preceded only by the New York Philharmonic. Its principal concert venue is Powell Symphony Hall. thumb
Union Station Built in 1894, it was the city's main passenger intercity train terminal. Once the world's largest and busiest train station, it was converted in the early 1980s into a hotel, shopping center, and entertainment complex. Today, it also continues to serve local rail (MetroLink) transit passengers, with Amtrak service nearby. thumb
St. Louis Zoo Built for the 1904 Worlds Fair, it is recognized as a leading zoo in animal management, research, conservation, and education. It is located in Forest Park, and admission is free. thumb
Racial composition 2015 (est.) 2010 2000 1990 1970 1940
White 47.1% (est.) 43.9% 43.9% 50.9% 58.7% 86.6%
—Non-Hispanic 44.0 (est.) 42.2% 43.0% 50.2% 57.9% 86.4%
Black 46.9% (est.) 49.2% 51.2% 47.5% 40.9% 13.3%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 3.9% (est.) 3.5% 2.0% 1.3% 1.0% 0.2%
Asian 3.3% (est.) 2.9% 2.0% 0.9% 0.2% (X)
# Employer # of Employees
1 BJC Health Care 24,182
2 Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. 21,721
3 Boeing Defense, Space & Security 15,000
4 Washington University 14,451
5 SSM Health 13,301
# Employer # of Employees
1 Washington University 14,705
2 BJC Health Care 13,241
3 St. Louis University 10,096
4 City of St. Louis  8,098
5 Defense Finance and Accounting Service  6,379
6 Wells Fargo  5,653
7 St. Louis Board of Education  4,992
8 State of Missouri  4,240
9 AT&T Services  4,016
10 US Postal Service  3,973
City Elected Officials Featured
City Mayor Francis Slay
President of the Board of Aldermen Lewis E. Reed
Chief Fiscal Officer / Comptroller Darlene Green
Recorder Of Deeds Sharon Carpenter
Collector of Revenue Gregory F.X. Daly
Treasurer, City of St. Louis Tishaura O. Jones
Circuit Attorney Jennifer Joyce
City of St. Louis Sheriff's Department Vernon Betts (Sheriff Elect)
Director of Public Safety Richard Gray
St. Louis Fire Department Dennis Jenkerson
Metropolitan Police Department Doyle Sam Dotson III
Public Administrator Gerard Nester
License Collector Mavis Thompson
Director of Airports Rhonda Hamm-Niebruegge
St. Louis Airport Police Mark Hollenberg (Police Chief)
Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 15.90% 20,281 79.70% 101,487 4.20% 5,350
2012 15.98% 22,943 82.71% 118,780 1.31% 1,884
2008 15.52% 24,662 83.68% 132,925 0.80% 1,271
2004 19.22% 27,793 80.29% 116,133 0.49% 712
2000 19.88% 24,799 77.40% 96,557 2.72% 3,396
1996 18.13% 22,121 74.78% 91,233 7.09% 8,649

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