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Geography of India

Geography of India
India 78.40398E 20.74980N.jpg
Continent Asia
Region South Asia
Indian subcontinent
Coordinates 21°N 78°E / 21°N 78°E / 21; 78
Area Ranked 7th
 • Total 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi)
 • Land 90.08%
 • Water 9.92%
Coastline 7,516.6 km (4,670.6 mi)
Borders Total land borders:
15,106.70 km (9,386.87 mi)
4,096.70 km (2,545.57 mi)
China (PRC):
3,488 km (2,167 mi)
2,910 km (1,808 mi)
1,751 km (1,088 mi)
1,643 km (1,021 mi)
699 km (434 mi)
Highest point Kanchenjunga
8,598 m (28,209 ft)
Lowest point Kuttanad
−2.2 m (−7.2 ft)
Longest river Ganges
2,525 km (8,284,121 ft)
Largest lake Wular Lake
30 to 260 km² (12 to 100 sq mi}

India lies on the Indian Plate, the northern portion of the Indo-Australian Plate, whose continental crust forms the Indian subcontinent. The country is situated north of the equator between 6°4' (8°4' for mainland) to 37°6' north latitude and 68°7' to 97°25' east longitude. It is the seventh-largest country in the world, with a total area of 3,287,263 square kilometres (1,269,219 sq mi). India measures 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and 2,933 km (1,822 mi) from east to west. It has a land frontier of 15,200 km (9,445 mi) and a coastline of 7,516.6 km (4,671 mi).

On the south, India projects into and is bounded by the Indian Ocean –- in particular, by the Arabian Sea on the southwest, the Lakshadweep Sea to the south, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. The Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar separate India from Sri Lanka to its immediate southeast, and the Maldives are some 400 kilometres (250 mi) to the southwest. India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands, some 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) southeast of the mainland, share maritime borders with Myanmar, Thailand and Indonesia. Kanyakumari at 8°4′41″N and 77°32′28″E is the southernmost tip of the Indian mainland, while the southernmost point in India is Indira Point on Great Nicobar Island. Northernmost point which is under Indian administration is Indira Col, Siachen Glacier. India's territorial waters extend into the sea to a distance of 12 nautical miles (13.8 mi; 22.2 km) from the coast baseline.