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Kingdom of Bhutan
druk gyal khap
Flag of Bhutan
Emblem of Bhutan
Flag Emblem
Anthem: Druk tsendhen
The Thunder Dragon Kingdom
A map of the world, centred on South Asia, highlighting Bhutan
A map of east-central Asia, highlighting Bhutan
and largest city
27°28.0′N 89°38.5′E / 27.4667°N 89.6417°E / 27.4667; 89.6417
Official languages Dzongkha
Religion Buddhism
Demonym Bhutanese
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• King
Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Tshering Tobgay
Legislature Parliament
National Council
National Assembly
• Unification of Bhutan
17th century
17 December 1907
8 August 1949
21 September 1971
18 July 2008
• Total
38,394 km2 (14,824 sq mi) (136th)
• Water (%)
• 2012 estimate
742,737 (165th)
• 2005a census
• Density
19.3/km2 (50.0/sq mi) (196th)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$6.384 billion
• Per capita
$8,196 (115)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$2.209 billion
• Per capita
$2,836 (130)
Gini (2012) 38.7
HDI (2014) Increase 0.605
medium · 132nd
Currency Ngultrum (BTN) and Indian rupee (INR)
Time zone BTT (UTC+6)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC+6)
Drives on the left
Calling code +975
ISO 3166 code BT
Internet TLD .bt
  1. The population of Bhutan had been estimated based on the reported figure of about 1 million in the 1970s when the country had joined the United Nations and precise statistics were lacking. Thus, using the annual increase rate of 2–3%, the most population estimates were around 2 million in the year 2000. A national census was carried out in 2005 and it turned out that the population was 672,425. Consequently, United Nations Population Division reduced its estimation of the country's population in the 2006 revision for the whole period from 1950 to 2050.

Coordinates: 27°25′01″N 90°26′06″E / 27.417°N 90.435°E / 27.417; 90.435

Bhutan (/bˈtɑːn/; འབྲུག་ཡུལ་ druk yul), officially the Kingdom of Bhutan (འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ druk gyal khap), is a landlocked country and the second largest Himalayan state in Asia. Located in the Eastern Himalayas, it is bordered by China in the north and India in the south. Bhutan lacks a border with nearby Nepal due to the Indian state of Sikkim and with Bangladesh due to the Indian states of West Bengal and Assam. Bhutan is geopolitically in South Asia and is the region's second least most populous nation after the Maldives. Thimphu is its capital and largest city, while Phuntsholing is its financial center.


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