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Gauteng Province

Gauteng
Province of South Africa
Coat of arms of Gauteng
Coat of arms
Motto: Unity in Diversity
Map showing the location of Gauteng in the north-central part of South Africa
Location of Gauteng in South Africa
Country  South Africa
Established 28 April 1994
Capital Johannesburg
Districts
Government
 • Type Parliamentary system
 • Premier David Makhura (ANC)
Area
 • Total 18,176 km2 (7,018 sq mi)
Area rank 9th in South Africa
Highest elevation 1,913 m (6,276 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 12,272,263
 • Estimate (2015) 13,200,300
 • Rank 1st in South Africa
 • Density 680/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Density rank 1st in South Africa
Population groups
 • Black African 74.1%
 • White 19.1%
 • Coloured 3.5%
 • Indian or Asian 2.6%
Languages
 • Zulu 17.8%
 • English 14.3%
 • Afrikaans 13.8%
 • Sotho 11.6%
 • Northern Sotho 10.6%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code ZA-GT
Website www.gautengonline.gov.za

Gauteng (/xˈtɛŋ/; Sotho pronunciation [xɑ́.ú.ˈtʼè.ŋ̀]), which means "place of gold", is one of the nine provinces of South Africa. It was formed from part of the old Transvaal Province after South Africa's first all-race elections on 27 April 1994. It was initially named PretoriaWitwatersrandVereeniging (PWV) and was renamed "Gauteng" in December 1994.

Situated in the Highveld, Gauteng is the smallest province in South Africa, accounting for only 1.5% of the land area. Nevertheless, it is highly urbanised, containing the country's largest city, Johannesburg, its administrative capital, Pretoria, and other large industrial areas such as Midrand and Vanderbijlpark. As of 2015, it has a population of nearly 13.2 million, making it the most populous province in South Africa.

The name Gauteng is derived from the Sotho name, "gauta" meaning "gold" with the locative suffix "-eng". There was a thriving gold industry in the province following the 1886 discovery of gold in Johannesburg. In Sesotho, the name "Gauteng" was used for Johannesburg and surrounding areas long before it was adopted in 1994 as the official name of a province.


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