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Göttingen

Göttingen
Gänseliesel fountain and pedestrian zone.
Gänseliesel fountain and pedestrian zone.
Coat of arms of Göttingen
Coat of arms
Göttingen  is located in Germany
Göttingen
Göttingen
Coordinates: 51°32′02″N 09°56′08″E / 51.53389°N 9.93556°E / 51.53389; 9.93556Coordinates: 51°32′02″N 09°56′08″E / 51.53389°N 9.93556°E / 51.53389; 9.93556
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Göttingen
First mentioned 953
Government
 • Lord Mayor Rolf-Georg Köhler (SPD)
Area
 • Total 116.89 km2 (45.13 sq mi)
Population (2015-12-31)
 • Total 118,914
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 37001–37085
Dialling codes 0551
Vehicle registration
Website goettingen.de

Göttingen (German pronunciation: [ˈɡœtɪŋən] About this sound listen ; Low German: Chöttingen) is a university city in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is the capital of the district of Göttingen. The River Leine runs through the town. In 2011 the population was 116,052.

The origins of Göttingen lay in a village called Gutingi, first mentioned in a document in 953 AD. The city was founded northwest of this village, between 1150 and 1200 AD, and adopted its name. In medieval times the city was a member of the Hanseatic League and hence a wealthy town.

Today, Göttingen is famous for its old university (Georgia Augusta, or "Georg-August-Universität"), which was founded in 1734 (first classes in 1737) and became the most visited university of Europe. In 1837, seven professors protested against the absolute sovereignty of the kings of Hanover; they lost their offices, but became known as the "Göttingen Seven". Its alumni include some well-known historical figures: the Brothers Grimm, Heinrich Ewald, Wilhelm Eduard Weber and Georg Gervinus. Also, German Chancellors Otto von Bismarck and Gerhard Schröder attended law school at the Göttingen University. Karl Barth held his first professorship here. Some of the most famous mathematicians in history, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Bernhard Riemann and David Hilbert, were professors at Göttingen.



  • Göttingen City Museum (Städtisches Museum Göttingen) has permanent and temporary exhibitions of historical and artistic materials, although most of the building is currently closed for renovation.
  • The university's Ethnographic Collection includes an internationally significant South Seas exhibition (Cook/Forster collection) and mostly 19th-century materials from the Arctic polar region (Baron von Asch collection) as well as major displays on Africa.
  • The Old City Hall (Altes Rathaus) has temporary art shows of local, regional, and international artists.
  • The Paulinerkirche in the Historical University Library building has various temporary exhibitions, usually of a historic nature.
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Wikipedia

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