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Republic of Benin
République du Bénin  (French)
Flag of Benin
Coat of arms of Benin
Flag Coat of arms
  • "Fraternité, Justice, Travail" (French)
  • "Fraternity, Justice, Labour"
Location of  Benin  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Benin  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital Porto-Novoa
Largest city Cotonou
Official languages French
Vernacular languages
Ethnic groups (2006)
  • Beninese
Government Presidential republic
• President
Patrice Talon
Adrien Houngbédji
Legislature National Assembly
• from France
1 August 1960
• Total
114,763 km2 (44,310 sq mi) (100th)
• Water (%)
• July 2015 estimate
10,879,829 (82nd)
• 2013 census
• Density
94.8/km2 (245.5/sq mi) (120th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$24.312 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$8.930 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2003) 36.5
HDI (2014) Increase 0.480
low · 166th
Currency West African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
Drives on the right
Calling code +229
ISO 3166 code BJ
Internet TLD .bj
  1. Cotonou is the seat of government.

Coordinates: 6°28′N 2°36′E / 6.467°N 2.600°E / 6.467; 2.600

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Benin (US /bˈnn, -ˈnɪn/ bǝ-NEEN or -NIN; UK /bɛˈnn/ beh-NEEN; French: Bénin), officially the Republic of Benin (French: République du Bénin) and formerly Dahomey, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, and Burkina Faso and Niger to the north. A majority of the population live on its small southern coastline on the Bight of Benin, part of the Gulf of Guinea in the northernmost tropical portion of the Atlantic Ocean. The capital of Benin is Porto-Novo, but the seat of government is in Cotonou, the country's largest city and economic capital. Benin covers an area of 114,763 square kilometers and its population in 2015 was estimated to be approximately 10.88 million. Benin is a tropical, sub-Saharan nation, highly dependent on agriculture, with substantial employment and income arising from subsistence farming.

Map key Department Capital

Population (2013) Area (km2) Former
Region Sub-Region
2 Alibori Kandi 868,046 26,242 Borgou North North East
1 Atakora Natitingou 769,337 20,499 Atakora North North West
10 Atlantique Allada 1,396,548 3,233 Atlantique South South Centre
4 Borgou Parakou 1,202,095 25,856 Borgou North North East
5 Collines Dassa-Zoumè 716,558 13,931 Zou North North Centre
6 Kouffo Aplahoué 741,895 2,404 Mono South South West
3 Donga Djougou 542,605 11,126 Atakora North North West
11 Littoral Cotonou 678,874 79 Atlantique South South Centre
9 Mono Lokossa 495,307 1,605 Mono South South West
12 Ouémé Porto-Novo 1,096,850 1,281 Ouémé South South East
8 Plateau Pobè 624,146 3,264 Ouémé South South East
7 Zou Abomey 851,623 5,243 Zou North North Centre

News media
Sports [1]
  • "Fraternité, Justice, Travail" (French)
  • "Fraternity, Justice, Labour"
  • Beninese
  • Butler, S., Benin (Bradt Travel Guides) (Bradt Travel Guides, 2006)
  • Caulfield, Annie, Show Me the Magic: Travels Round Benin by Taxi (Penguin Books Ltd., 2003)
  • Kraus, Erika and Reid, Felice, Benin (Other Places Travel Guide) (Other Places Publishing, 2010)
  • Seely, Jennifer, The Legacies of Transition Governments in Africa: The Cases of Benin and Togo (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009)


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