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Antofagasta Region

Antofagasta Region
II Región de Antofagasta
Region of Chile
Skyline of Antofagasta Region
Flag of Antofagasta Region
Flag
Coat of Arms of Antofagasta Region
Coat of arms
Map of Antofagasta Region
Map of Antofagasta Region
Coordinates: 23°38′39″S 70°24′39″W / 23.64417°S 70.41083°W / -23.64417; -70.41083Coordinates: 23°38′39″S 70°24′39″W / 23.64417°S 70.41083°W / -23.64417; -70.41083
Country  Chile
Capital Antofagasta
Provinces , El Loa, Antofagasta
Government
 • Intendant Valentín Volta
Area
 • Total 126,049.1 km2 (48,667.8 sq mi)
Area rank 2
Highest elevation 6,723 m (22,057 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2012 census)
 • Total 530,879
 • Rank 9
 • Density 4.2/km2 (11/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CL-AN
Website Official website (Spanish)

The II Antofagasta Region (Spanish: II Región de Antofagasta) is one of Chile's fifteen first-order administrative divisions. It comprises three provinces, Antofagasta, El Loa and . It is bordered to the north by Tarapacá and by Atacama to the south and is the second-largest region of Chile. To the east it borders Bolivia and Argentina. The capital of the region is the port city of Antofagasta, another important city being Calama. The main economic activity is copper mining in the giant porphyry copper systems located inland.

Climate is extremely arid albeit somewhat milder near the coast. Nearly all of the region is devoid of vegetation except close to the Loa River or at oases such as San Pedro de Atacama. Much of the inland is covered by salt flats, tephra and lava flows. The coast exhibits prominent cliffs.

The region was sparsely populated by indigenous Changos and Atacameños until massive Chilean immigration in conjunction with a saltpeter boom in the later 19th century. The region used to be Bolivian until the War of the Pacific broke out in 1879.


Province Capital Communes Other towns
Antofagasta Antofagasta Antofagasta
Mejillones Hornitos
Sierra Gorda
Taltal
El Loa Calama Calama Ayquina
Caspana
Lasana
San Francisco de Chiu Chiu
Ollagüe
San Pedro de Atacama Socaire
Tocopilla
María Elena

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Wikipedia

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