Learn more! ! if you are a bone fide Higher Education establishment and would like to learn how the piglix project may be your answer to the challenges of 'lecture room' replacement strategies, use our feedback page now to tell us about your needs and have someone contact you to explain your options and possibilities.
|Geographical range||Near East - Middle East|
|Period||Late Neolithic - Middle Bronze Age|
|Dates||c. 4500 – c. 2004 BCE|
|Pre-dynastic kings:||Alulim • Dumuzid, the Shepherd • En-men-dur-ana|
|1st Dynasty of Kish:||Etana • En-me-barage-si • Aga of Kish|
|1st Dynasty of Uruk:||Enmerkar • Lugalbanda • Gilgamesh|
|1st Dynasty of Ur:||Meskalamdug • Mesh-Ane-pada • Puabi • Mesilim of Kish|
|2nd Dynasty of Uruk:||En-shag-kush-ana|
|1st Dynasty of Lagash:||Ur-Nanshe • Eannatum • Entemena • Urukagina|
|Dynasty of Adab:||Lugal-Ane-mundu|
|3rd Dynasty of Kish:||Kug-Bau|
|3rd Dynasty of Uruk:||Lugal-zage-si|
|Dynasty of Akkad:||Sargon • Tashlultum • En-hedu-ana • Man-ishtishu • Naram-Sin of Akkad • Shar-kali-sharri • Dudu of Akkad • Shu-Durul|
|2nd Dynasty of Lagash:||Puzer-Mama • Gudea|
|5th Dynasty of Uruk:||Utu-hengal|
|3rd dynasty of Ur:||Ur-Namma • Shulgi • Amar-Suena • Shu-Suen • Ibbi-Suen|
Sumer (//) was the first urban civilization in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia, modern-day southern Iraq, during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze ages, and arguably the first civilization in the world with Ancient Egypt and the Indus Valley. Living along the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates, Sumerian farmers were able to grow an abundance of grain and other crops, the surplus of which enabled them to settle in one place.
Modern historians have suggested that Sumer was first permanently settled between c. 5500 and 4000 BC by a West Asian people who spoke the Sumerian language (pointing to the names of cities, rivers, basic occupations, etc., as evidence), an agglutinative language isolate.
These conjectured, prehistoric people are now called "proto-Euphrateans" or "Ubaidians", and are theorized to have evolved from the Samarra culture of northern Mesopotamia. The Ubaidians (though never mentioned by the Sumerians themselves) are assumed by modern-day scholars to have been the first civilizing force in Sumer, draining the marshes for agriculture, developing trade, and establishing industries, including weaving, leatherwork, metalwork, masonry, and pottery.
Don't forget! that your welfare and that of all your friends and colleagues here is of primary concern and a distance of six feet (1.8m) minimum is required at all times.