*** Welcome to piglix ***

Sanskrit language

The word saṃskṛtam written in Devanagari.
Pronunciation [sə̃skr̩t̪əm] About this sound pronunciation 
Region Greater India
Era ca. 2nd millennium BCE – 600 BCE (Vedic Sanskrit), after which it gave rise to the Middle Indo-Aryan languages.
Continues as a liturgical language (Classical Sanskrit).
Revival Attempts at revitalization.
Total: 5 million speakers (2001)
L1: 14,315
L2: 1,234,931
L3: 3,742,223
Early forms
Vedic Sanskrit
  • Sanskrit
No native script. Written in various Brahmic scripts.
Official status
Official language in
Language codes
ISO 639-1 sa
ISO 639-2
ISO 639-3
Glottolog sans1269

Sanskrit (English pronunciation:/ˈsænskrɪt/; Sanskrit: संस्कृतम् written in Devanagari script; IAST: Saṃskṛtam; About this sound pronunciation ; IPA: [sə̃skr̩t̪əm] or saṃskṛta, originally saṃskṛtā vāk, "refined speech") is the primary sacred language of Hinduism and Mahāyāna Buddhism, a philosophical language in Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism. It was also a literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in ancient and medieval South Asia. It is a standardised dialect of Old Indo-Aryan, originating as Vedic Sanskrit and tracing its linguistic ancestry back to Proto-Indo-Iranian and Proto-Indo-European. Today it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand. As one of the oldest Indo-European languages for which substantial written documentation exists, Sanskrit holds a prominent position in Indo-European studies.