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Phoenix, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona
State capital
City of Phoenix
Images, from top, left to right: Papago Park at sunset, Saint Mary's Basilica, Chase Tower, Phoenix skyline at night, Arizona Science Center, Rosson House, the light rail, a saguaro cactus, and the McDowell Mountains
Images, from top, left to right: Papago Park at sunset, Saint Mary's Basilica, Chase Tower, Phoenix skyline at night, Arizona Science Center, Rosson House, the light rail, a saguaro cactus, and the McDowell Mountains
Flag of Phoenix, Arizona
Flag
Official seal of Phoenix, Arizona
Seal
Nickname(s): "Valley of the Sun", "The Valley"
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona is located in Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona is located in the US
Phoenix, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°27′N 112°04′W / 33.450°N 112.067°W / 33.450; -112.067Coordinates: 33°27′N 112°04′W / 33.450°N 112.067°W / 33.450; -112.067
Country United States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Settled 1867
Incorporated February 25, 1881
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Body Phoenix City Council
 • Mayor Greg Stanton (D)
Area
 • City 517.948 sq mi (1,341.48 km2)
 • Land 516.704 sq mi (1,338.26 km2)
 • Water 1.244 sq mi (3.22 km2)
 • Metro 14,565.76 sq mi (37,725.1 km2)
Elevation 1,086 ft (331 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 1,445,632
 • Estimate (2015) 1,563,025
 • Rank US: 6th
 • Density 3,025/sq mi (1,168/km2)
 • Urban 3,629,114 (US: 12th)
 • Metro 4,574,531 (US: 12th)
 • Demonym Phoenician
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST) no DST/PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes 85001–85099
Area code(s)
FIPS code 04-55000
GNIS ID(s) 44784, 2411414
Major airport Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport – PHX (Major/International)
Website www.phoenix.gov

Phoenix (/ˈfnks/) is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Arizona. With 1,563,025 people (as of 2015), Phoenix is the sixth most populous city nationwide, the most populous state capital in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents.

Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, which in turn is a part of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan area is the 12th largest by population in the United States, with approximately 4.3 million people as of 2010. In addition, Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and, at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), it is the largest city in the state, more than twice the size of Tucson and one of the largest cities in the United States.

Settled in 1867 as an agricultural community near the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers, Phoenix incorporated as a city in 1881. Located in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert, Phoenix has a subtropical desert climate. Despite this, its canal system led to a thriving farming community, many of the original crops remaining important parts of the Phoenix economy for decades, such as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, and hay (which was important for the cattle industry). In fact, the "Five C's" (Cotton, Cattle, Citrus, Climate, and Copper), remained the driving forces of Phoenix's economy until after World War II, when high-tech industries began to move into the valley and air conditioning made residences much more comfortable in the very hot summers.


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