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Philip II of Macedon

Philip II of Macedon
Basileus of Macedon
Filip II Macedonia.jpg
Bust of Philip II of Macedon from the Hellenistic period; Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek
Reign 359–336 BC
Predecessor Perdiccas III
Successor Alexander the Great
Born 382 BC
Pella, Macedon
Died October 336 BC (aged 46)
Aigai, Macedon
Burial Aigai, Macedon
Wives
Issue Cynane
Philip III
Alexander the Great
Cleopatra
Thessalonica
Europa
Caranus
Greek Φίλιππος
House Argead dynasty
Father Amyntas III
Mother Eurydice I
Religion Ancient Greek religion

Philip II of Macedon (Greek: Φίλιππος Β΄ ὁ Μακεδών, Phílippos II ho Makedṓn; 382–336 BC) was the king (Basileus) of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC. He was a member of the Argead dynasty, the third son of King Amyntas III, and father of Alexander the Great and Philip III.

Philip was the youngest son of the king Amyntas III and Eurydice I. In his youth (c. 368 – 365 BC), Philip was held as a hostage in Thebes, which was then the leading city of Greece. While a captive there, Philip received a military and diplomatic education from Epaminondas, became eromenos of Pelopidas, and lived with Pammenes, who was an enthusiastic advocate of the Sacred Band of Thebes.

In 364 BC, Philip returned to Macedon. The deaths of Philip's elder brothers, King Alexander II and Perdiccas III, allowed him to take the throne in 359 BC. Originally appointed regent for his infant nephew Amyntas IV, who was the son of Perdiccas III, Philip succeeded in taking the kingdom for himself that same year.


Philip II of Macedon
Born: 382 BC Died: 336 BC
Preceded by
Perdiccas III
King of Macedon
359–336 BC
Succeeded by
Alexander III the Great

  • Hegemony: Philip of Macedon is a PC game about Philip II's campaigns in Greece.
  • Philip II appears in the Battle of Chaeronea in Rome: Total War: Alexander
  • Filippos Veria, one of the most successful handball teams of Greece, bears the name of Philip II. He is also depicted in the team's emblem.
  • The Philip II Arena (until 2009 known as Skopje City Stadium) is a sporting ground in Skopje.
  • Philip II is depicted in the emblem of the 2nd Support Brigade of the Hellenic Army, stationed in Kozani.
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainBevan, Edwyn Robert (1911). "". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
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Wikipedia

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