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Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (triumvir)

Marcus Aemilius Lepidus
Marcus Aemilius Lepidus.jpg
Coin depicting Lepidus. The inscription is "III VIR R P C LEPIDUS PONT MAX", shorter for "tresviri rei publicae constituendae Lepidus Pontifex Maximus", meaning "One of Three Men for the Regulation of the Republic, Lepidus, Chief Pontiff".
Triumvir of the Roman Republic
In office
27 November 43 BC – 22 September 36 BC
Serving with Octavian and Mark Antony
Consul of the Roman Republic
In office
1 January 46 BC – 31 December 46 BC
Serving with Julius Caesar
Preceded by Quintus Fufius Calenus and Publius Vatinius
Succeeded by Julius Caesar
Consul of the Roman Republic
In office
1 January 42 BC – 31 December 42 BC
Serving with Lucius Munatius Plancus
Preceded by Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetronianus and Aulus Hirtius
Succeeded by Lucius Antonius and Publius Servilius Vatia Isauricus
Pontifex Maximus
In office
44 BC – 13 BC
Preceded by Julius Caesar
Succeeded by Augustus
Personal details
Born 88–89 BC
Rome, Roman Republic
Died 13 BC
San Felice Circeo
Spouse(s) Junia Secunda
Children Lepidus the Younger
Religion Roman Paganism
Military service
Allegiance Roman Military banner.svg Roman Republic
Service/branch Roman Army
Years of service 48–36 BC
Rank Proconsul

Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (Latin: M·AEMILIVS·M·F·Q·N·LEPIDVS), (born c. 89 or 88 BC, died late 13 or early 12 BC) was a Roman patrician who was triumvir with Octavian (the future Augustus) and Mark Antony, and the last Pontifex Maximus of the Roman Republic. Lepidus had previously been a close ally of Julius Caesar.

Though he was an able military commander and proved a useful partisan of Caesar, Lepidus has always been portrayed as the weakest member of the triumvirate. He typically appears as a marginalised figure in depictions of the events of the era, most notably in Shakespeare's plays. While some scholars have endorsed this view, others argue that the evidence is insufficient to discount the distorting effects of propaganda by his opponents, principally Cicero and, later, Augustus.

Lepidus was the son of Marcus Aemilius Lepidus; his mother may have been a daughter of Lucius Appuleius Saturninus. His brother was Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus. His father was the first leader of the revived populares faction after the death of Sulla, and led an unsuccessful rebellion against the optimates.

Lepidus married Junia Secunda, sister of Marcus Junius Brutus and Junia Tertia, Cassius Longinus's wife. Lepidus and Junia Secunda had at least one child, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus the Younger.