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Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite. Marble may be foliated. Geologists use the term "marble" to refer to metamorphosed limestone; however, stonemasons use the term more broadly to encompass unmetamorphosed limestone. Marble is commonly used for sculpture and as a building material.
The word "marble" derives from the Ancient Greek μάρμαρον (mármaron), from μάρμαρος (mármaros), "crystalline rock, shining stone", perhaps from the verb μαρμαίρω (marmaírō), "to flash, sparkle, gleam";R. S. P. Beekes has suggested that a "Pre-Greek origin is probable."
This stem is also the basis for the English word marmoreal, meaning "marble-like." While the English term resembles the French marbre, most other European languages follow the original Greek—see Persian and Irish marmar, Spanish mármol, Italian marmo, Portuguese mármore, Welsh, Slovene, German, Norwegian, Danish and Swedish marmor, Finnish marmori, Romanian marmură, Polish marmur, Dutch marmer, Turkish mermer, Czech mramor, and Russian мрáмор (mramor). In Hungarian it is called márvány.
|Pentelic marble||pure-white, fine-grained semitranslucent||Mount Pentelicus (Πεντελικό όρος), Attica (Ἀττική)||Greece|
|Connemara marble||green||Connemara, County Galway||Ireland|
|Creole marble||white and blue/black||Pickens County, Georgia||United States|
|Etowah marble||pink, salmon, rose||Pickens County, Georgia||United States|
|Makrana marble||white||Makrana, Nagaur district, Rajasthan||India|
|Murphy marble||white||Pickens and Gilmer Counties, Georgia||United States|
|Nero Marquina marble||black||Markina, Spain||Spain|
|Parian marble||pure-white, fine-grained||Island of Paros (Πάρος), South Aegean (Νοτίου Αιγαίου)||Greece|
|Carrara marble||white or blue-gray||Carrara, Tuscany||Italy|
|Purbeck marble||Gray/brown||Isle of Purbeck, Dorset||United Kingdom|
|Ruskeala marble||white||near Ruskeala (Рускеала), Karelia (Карелия)||Russia|
|Rușchița marble||white, pinkish, reddish||Poiana Ruscă Mountains, Caraș-Severin County||Romania|
|Sienna marble||yellow with violet, red, blue or white veins||near Siena, Tuscany||Italy|
|Bianco Sivec||white||near Prilep (Прилеп), Pelagonia (Пелагониски)||Macedonia|
|Swedish green marble||green||near Kolmården, Södermanland||Sweden|
|Sylacauga marble||white||Talladega County, Alabama||United States|
|Vermont marble||white||Proctor, Vermont||United States|
|Yule marble||uniform pure white||near Marble, Colorado||United States|
|Wunsiedel marble||white||Wunsiedel, Bavaria||Germany|
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