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Korean Empire

Korean Empire
Greater Korean Empire
Daehan Jeguk
Flag (1899–1910) Imperial Seal
(Hanja: 光明天地)
(English: Let the land be enlightened )
Territory of the Korean Empire
Capital Hanseong (Seoul)
Languages Korean
Religion Neo-Confucianism
Korean Buddhism
Government Absolute monarchy
 •  1897–1907 Gojong (first)
 •  1907–1910 Sunjong (last)
 •  1894–1896 Kim Hong jip
 •  1897–1898 Yun Yong sun
 •  1905 Han Kyu sul
 •  1905–1907 Pak Che soon
 •  1907–1910 Ye Wan yong
Legislature Jungchuwon (중추원,中樞院)
Historical era New Imperialism
 •  Empire proclaimed 13 October 1897
 •  Constitution 17 August 1899
 •  Eulsa Treaty 17 November 1905
 •  Hague Secret Emissary Affair 1907
 •  Annexed by Japan 29 August 1910
 •  1900 est. 17,082,000 
Currency Yang (1897–1902)
Won (1902–10)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon
Korea under Japanese rule
Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
Today part of  North Korea
 South Korea
 China (before 1909)
a총리대신 (總理大臣) later changed name to 의정대신 (議政大臣) in 1905, and renamed 총리대신 in 1907.

The Korean Empire (Korean: 대한제국; Hanja: 大韓帝國; Daehan Jeguk; Korean pronunciation: [tɛ.ɦan.dʑe.ɡuk̚]; literally "Greater Korean Empire") was proclaimed in October 1897, after the Donghak Peasant Revolution of 1894 to 1895 and Gabo Reforms that swept the country from 1894 to 1896. It lasted until the annexation of Korea by Japan in August 1910.

Emperor Gojong oversaw the partial modernization of the military, economy, land system, education system, and various industries. Japan became wary of Korea's modernization and industrialization attempt through Gwangmu Reforms, and after the assassination of the Resident-General Itō Hirobumi, decided to forcibly annex the Korean Empire.

Korea in Joseon Dynasty had been a nominal client kingdom of China in Qing Dynasty. Towards the end of the 19th century, influence over Korea was increasingly an area of conflict between the Qing and Japan. The First Sino-Japanese War marked the rapid decline of any power the Joseon state had managed to hold against foreign interference, as the battles of the conflict itself had been fought on Korean soil and the surrounding seas. With its newfound preeminence over the waning and weak Qing dynasty, Japan had delegates negotiate the Treaty of Shimonoseki with the Qing dynasty. Through signing the treaty, a move designed to prevent the southern expansion of Russia, Japan wrested control over the Liaodong Peninsula from Qing and more importantly over Korea. However, Russia recognized this agreement as an act against its interests in northeastern China and eventually brought France and Germany to its side, in saying that the Liaodong Peninsula should be repatriated to Qing China.

  • Hwangje (皇帝 황제), the emperor, with the style of Imperial Majesty (陛下 폐하 pyeha)
  • Hwanghu (皇后 황후), the empress (consort), with the style of Imperial Majesty
  • Hwangtaehu (皇太后 황태후), the empress dowager, with the style of Imperial Majesty
  • Taehwangtaehu (太皇太后 태황태후), the grand empress dowager, current Emperor's living grandmother, with the style of Imperial Majesty
  • Hwangtaeja (皇太子 황태자), the crown prince of the Empire, the eldest son of the emperor, with the style of Imperial Highness (殿下 전하 jeonha)
  • Hwangtaeja-bi (皇太子妃 황태자비), the crown princess (consort) of Empire, with the style of Imperial Highness
  • Chinwang (親王 친왕), the prince (imperial), son of Emperor, with the style of Imperial Highness
  • Chinwangbi (親王妃 친왕비), the princess (imperial) (consort), with the style of Imperial Highness
  • Gongju (公主 공주), the princess of the Empire, the daughter of the emperor and his empress consort, with the style of Imperial Highness
  • Ongju (翁主 옹주), the princess of the Empire, the daughter of emperor and one of his concubines, with the style of Imperial Highness
  • Dong-no Kim, John B. Duncan, Do-hyung Kim (2006), Reform and Modernity in the Taehan Empire (Yonsei Korean Studies Series No. 2), Seoul: Jimoondang Publishing Company
    • Jae-gon Cho, The Industrial Promotion Policy and Commercial Structure of the Taehan Empire.
  • Pratt, Keith L., Richard Rutt, and James Hoare. (1999). Korea: a historical and cultural dictionary, Richmond: Curzon Press. ; ; OCLC 245844259
  • The Special Committee for the Virtual Museum of Korean History (2009), Living in Joseon Part 3: The Virtual Museum of Korean History-11, Paju:
  • Jae-gon Cho, The Industrial Promotion Policy and Commercial Structure of the Taehan Empire.


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