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Greater Houston

Greater Houston Metro Area
Metropolitan Statistical Area
Houston
Houston
The Woodlands
The Woodlands
Sugar Land
Sugar Land
Country United States of America
State Texas
Principal cities
Area
 • Urban 1,660.0 sq mi (4,299.4 km2)
 • Metro 10,062 sq mi (26,061 km2)
Highest elevation 430 ft (131 m)
Lowest elevation 0 ft (0 m)
Population (2010)
 • Density 630.3/sq mi (243.4/km2)
 • Urban 4,944,332(7th)
 • MSA 6,490,180 (5th)
 • CSA 6,508,323 (9th)
  MSA/CSA = 2010, Urban = 2010
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Interstates I-10.svg I-45.svg I-69.svg I-610.svg

Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land is a nine-county metropolitan area defined by the Office of Management and Budget. It is located along the Gulf Coast region in the U.S. state of Texas. The metropolitan area is colloquially referred to as "Greater Houston" and is situated in Southeast Texas.

Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land is the fifth-largest metropolitan area in the United States and the second-largest in Texas (after Dallas–Fort Worth) with a population of 6,490,180, as of U.S. Census Bureau's July 1, 2010 estimates.

The population of the metropolitan area is centered in the city of Houston—the largest economic and cultural center of the American South, with a population of 2.1 million.

Houston is among the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the United States. The Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land metro area was the fastest growing metro area numerically during the 2013-2014 census year, with 156,371 people added The area grew 25.2% between the 1990 and 2000 censuses—adding more than 950,000 people—while the nation's population increased 13.2% over the same period. From 2000 to 2007, the area grew by 912,994 people. From 2000 to 2030, the metropolitan area is projected by Woods & Poole Economics to rank fifth in the nation in population growth—adding 2.66 million people. In 2009, Milken Institute/Greenstreet Real Estate Partners ranked the then-named Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown MSA as the fifth-best performing metropolitan area; the Houston area had moved up 11 spaces from the previous year's ranking. It is a part of the Texas Triangle megapolitan area.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan statistical area has a total area of 10,062 square miles (26,060 km²), 8,929 sq mi (23,130 km2) is land area, while 1,133 sq mi (2,930 km2) is water area, slightly smaller than Massachusetts and slightly larger than New Jersey.


Club Sport Founded League Venue
Houston Astros Baseball 1962 MLB Minute Maid Park
Houston Rockets Basketball 1967 NBA Toyota Center
Houston Texans Football 2002 NFL NRG Stadium
Houston Dash Women's soccer 2014 NWSL BBVA Compass Stadium
Houston Dynamo Soccer 2005 MLS BBVA Compass Stadium
Club Sport Founded League Venue
Sugar Land Skeeters Baseball 2010 ALPB Constellation Field
Houston Energy Football 2001 WPFL The Rig
Houston Red Storm Basketball 2006 ABA John H. Reagan HS
Galveston Tidalwave Football 2008 IIFA Galveston Island Convention Center
Houston Aces Women's soccer 2012 UWS Carl Lewis Stadium
Houston Dutch Lions Soccer 2011 PDL HDLFC Soccer Complex
Houston Hotshots Indoor Soccer 2015 PASL TBD
School Founded Nickname Conference
University of Houston 1927 Houston Cougars American Athletic Conference
Houston Baptist University 1960 Houston Baptist Huskies Southland Conference
Prairie View A&M University 1876 Prairie View A&M Panthers Southwestern Athletic Conference
Rice University 1912 Rice Owls Conference USA
Texas Southern University 1927 Texas Southern Tigers Southwestern Athletic Conference
Senators Name Party First Elected Level
  Senate Class 1 Ted Cruz Republican 2012 Junior Senator
  Senate Class 2 John Cornyn Republican 2002 Senior Senator
Representatives Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Greater Houston Represented
  District 2 Ted Poe Republican 2004 Kingwood portion of Houston, Spring, northeast Harris County (including Baytown, Humble and La Porte), western and southern Liberty County
  District 7 John Culberson Republican 2000 West Houston, Memorial Villages, Bellaire, West University Place, west and northwest Harris County
  District 8 Kevin Brady Republican 1996 Montgomery and San Jacinto counties; northern Liberty County
  District 9 Al Green Democratic 2004 Alief, Southwest Houston, Houston’s Southside, portions of Fort Bend County (Mission Bend, eastern portion of Stafford, northern and eastern portions of Missouri City, county’s entire share of Houston)
  District 10 Michael McCaul Republican 2004 Northwest Harris County; Austin and Waller counties; most of the Greater Katy area
  District 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 1994 Downtown Houston, Bush IAH, northwest and northeast Houston, inner portions of Houston’s Southside
  District 22 Pete Olson Republican 2008 most of Fort Bend County (Sugar Land, Rosenberg, the southern portion of Greater Katy, plus western and southern portions of Missouri City), northern Brazoria County (including Pearland), portions of Galveston County (La Marque), southern and central Pasadena, Deer Park
  District 29 Gene Green Democratic 1992 East Houston, northern Pasadena, Galena Park, Channelview (all Harris County)
  District 36 Brian Babin Republican 2014 Southeastern and eastern parts of Harris County (including the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center)
District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Greater Houston Represented
  3 Robert Nichols Republican 2006 Northern and western Montgomery County (including Conroe), San Jacinto County
  4 Tommy Williams Republican 2003 Southern Montgomery County (including The Woodlands), Kingwood, Liberty County, Chambers County, far eastern portions of Baytown
  6 Sylvia R. Garcia Democratic 2013 (special election) Houston Ship Channel, eastern portions of Houston, Jacinto City, Galena Park, northern Pasadena, western portion of Baytown
  7 Dan Patrick Republican 2007 Memorial Villages, Memorial/Spring Branch area, Addicks Reservoir, Northwest Harris County
  11 Mike Jackson Republican 1999 Northern and central Brazoria County, southeastern portions of Houston and Harris County, the Galveston County mainland, and all areas roughly north of SH 87 on Galveston Island.
  13 Rodney Ellis Democratic 1990 Downtown Houston, Texas Medical Center, southwest and northeast Houston, Houston’s Southside, northern portions of Missouri City, Stafford
  15 John Whitmire Democratic 1983 Northwest Houston, Bush IAH, southern portion of Humble, eastern Harris County
  17 Joan Huffman Republican 2008 Meyerland, Bellaire, West University Place, much of Katy area, far west Houston, Barker Reservoir, portions of Fort Bend County (Sugar Land and southern Missouri City) southern Brazoria County, the area of Galveston Island south of SH 87, entire Bolivar Peninsula, and Port Arthur.
  18 Glenn Hegar Republican 2006 Austin, Waller and Wharton counties; western Fort Bend County
District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Greater Houston Represented
  12 Jim McReynolds Democratic 1996 San Jacinto County
  13 Lois Kolkhorst Republican 2000 Austin County
  15 Mark Keough Republican 2014 The Woodlands, southern Montgomery County
  16 C. Brandon Creighton Republican 2006 Northern and central Montgomery County (including Conroe)
  18 John Otto Republican 2004 Liberty County, southeastern Montgomery County
  23 Craig Eiland Democratic 1994 Galveston, Texas City, Bolivar Peninsula, Chambers County
  24 Larry Taylor Republican 2002 Hitchcock, La Marque, Santa Fe, Dickinson, League City, Friendswood (all in Galveston County)
  25 Dennis Bonnen Republican 1996 Southern Brazoria County (Lake Jackson, Angleton, Freeport)
  26 Charlie Howard Republican 1994 Sugar Land
  27 Ron Reynolds Democratic 2010 Eastern Fort Bend County (including Rosenberg, most of Missouri City, county’s share of Houston)
  28 John Zerwas Republican 2006 Wharton and Waller Counties, western Fort Bend County
  29 Mike O'Day Republican 2007 Matagorda County, part of Brazoria County (Pearland, Alvin)
  126 Patricia Harless Republican 2006 Champions/FM 1960
  127 Dan Huberty Republican 2011 Kingwood, Lake Houston, Crosby, Wallisville
  128 Wayne Smith Republican 2002 East Harris County (Baytown, Deer Park, La Porte)
  129 John Davis Republican 1998 Southeast Harris County (Clear Lake City Area, NASA Johnson Space Center)
  130 Corbin Van Arsdale Republican 2002 Northwest Harris County (including Tomball and Cypress-Fairbanks areas)
  131 Alma Allen Democratic 2004 Outer portions of Houston’s Southside
  132 Bill Callegari Republican 2000 West Harris County (including county’s share of Katy and unincorporated western parts of the Katy area)
  133 Jim Murphy Republican 2006 West Houston, western portion of Memorial/Spring Branch, part of the Energy Corridor
  134 Ellen Cohen Democratic 2006 Inner western portions of Houston (including Meyerland, River Oaks and Memorial Park), Texas Medical Center, West University Place, Bellaire, Southside Place
  135 Gary Elkins Republican 1994 Parts of northwest Harris County (including Jersey Village) and southeastern segments of the Champions/FM 1960 area
  136 Beverly Woolley Republican 1994 Memorial Villages and surrounding areas
  137 Scott Hochberg Democratic 1992 Southwest Houston (including Sharpstown, Westwood and Fondren Southwest)
  138 Dwayne Bohac Republican 2002 Northwest Houston and parts of the Memorial/Spring Branch area north of I-10, Addicks Reservoir
  139 Sylvester Turner Democratic 1988 North Houston and Aldine west of I-45
  140 Armando Walle Democratic 2008 North Houston and Aldine east of I-45
  141 Senfronia Thompson Democratic 1972 Northeast Houston, Bush IAH, Greenspoint, southern portion of Humble
  142 Harold Dutton, Jr. Democratic 1984 East Houston, Northshore
  143 Ana Hernandez Democratic 2005 (special election filling the unexpired term of Joe Moreno) East Houston within Loop 610, Houston Ship Channel, Galena Park, Jacinto City, northern Pasadena
  144 Robert Talton Republican 1992 Southern Pasadena, far southeast Houston
  145 Rick Noriega Democratic 1998 Inner southeastern portions of Houston (mainly east of I-45), South Houston (not part of the city of Houston)
  146 Borris Miles Democratic 2006 Inner portions of Houston’s Southside
  147 Garnet Coleman Democratic 1991 (special election filling the unexpired term of Larry Evans) Downtown Houston, inner southeastern portions of Houston (mainly west of I-45)
  148 Jessica Farrar Democratic 1994 Northwest Houston mainly within Loop 610 (including Houston Heights)
  149 Hubert Vo Democratic 2004 Far west Houston, Alief, unincorporated portions of Katy area east of Fry Rd, Barker Reservoir
  150 Debbie Riddle Republican 2002 Northern Harris County (Spring, Klein, northern Humble)

  • Houston Greyhound Station at 2121 South Main Street
  • Americanos U.S. L.L.C. (Houston Southeast) at 7218 Harrisburg Blvd.
  • Agencia Autobuses (Houston Southwest) at 6590 Southwest Freeway
  • Downtown - a parking lot located at 815 Pierce St across the street from METRO's Downtown Transit Center
  • Northwest Houston - a Shell gas station located at 13250 FM 1960.
  • Katy Mills Mall - at Entrance 5, 5000 Katy Mills Circle.
  • Pasadena, which went for Barack Obama, is heavily Hispanic and lower-middle class on its north side, which favors Democrats, and slightly more affluent on its south side, which favors Republicans. A northwestern section of the city is represented by Democrat Ana Hernandez (District 143), while the city's central core, which contains most of its population, is represented by Republican Robert Talton (District 144). A small, largely unincorporated southeastern section of the city is represented by Republican John Davis (District 129), who also represents the NASA Johnson Space Center. Hernandez's district is also home to Galena Park and Jacinto City, which also have large Hispanic populations who favor Democrats.
  • In Fort Bend County, southwest of Houston, Democrats are strongest in northern Missouri City and older sections of Rosenberg, which are home to large numbers of African American and Hispanic voters, while more affluent and white areas of the county, such as Sugar Land, Katy, and Sienna Plantation, are heavily Republican. These areas house sizable Asian American populations, many but not the majority are largely probusiness and favor Republicans, though a sizable community of Democratic business owners does exist among the area's Asian caucuses. In the 2008 election, John McCain won the county by 51% to 49%. Republicans control every county-wide elected office..
  • Montgomery County, north of Houston, is a Republican stronghold, supported by voters in affluent communities on Lake Conroe and in The Woodlands. Rural residents of the county, though primarily lower- and middle-class, tend to be very socially conservative and also have a substantial Republican following. However, the city of Conroe proper, the county seat, tends to lean Democratic. Although The Woodlands is home to many corporate transplants from Europe, Japan, Canada, and Australia, who tend to be of a more liberal persuasion, most of these people are not U.S. citizens, thus have little impact on the voting trends of the county.
  • The mainland areas of Galveston County, north of Galveston Island, have also become increasingly divided on political issues. Democrats have a presence in La Marque and Texas City, both of which are home to large numbers of unionized refinery workers and African Americans, a traditionally Democratic voting bloc. However, Democrats' strength in this area is increasingly being superseded by newer developments in the northern areas of the county around Friendswood and League City that favor Republicans.
  • Brazoria County, south of Houston, is heavily Republican, especially in rural areas and in central portions of the county, such as Manvel, Alvin, and Angleton. However, Democrats perform strongly in southern portions of the county such as Lake Jackson, Clute, and Freeport due to its large Hispanic population, as well as its large base of unionized refinery workers. Additionally, the northern areas of the county around fast-growing Pearland have recently become more moderate and even Democratic compared to the rest of the county due to its ethnic diversity, as well as large numbers of Northern and West Coast transplants.
  • In Liberty County, east of Houston, Republicans are represented at the state and federal levels, and the county went strongly for John McCain in 2008. However, Democrats hold a near-monopoly in county politics, though in 2006, it elected a countywide Republican (the County Treasurer position) for the first time since Reconstruction.
  • Chambers County, between Harris and Jefferson Counties, is one of the most Republican counties in the area. According to the Office of the Secretary of State, in 2008, Republicans carried all of the candidates except for one Democratic judge, who ran unopposed. The county went 75% for John McCain over Barack Obama. The same held true in 2010, when Republicans won all county-wide elections ranging from 71% to 91%.
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