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East Timor

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
  • Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste  (Tetum)
  • República Democrática de Timor-Leste  (Portuguese)
Flag of East Timor
Coat of arms of East Timor
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Unidade, Acção, Progresso" (Portuguese)
"Unidade, Asaun, Progresu" (Tetum)
"Unity, Action, Progress"
Anthem: Pátria (Portuguese)
Location of East Timor
Location of East Timor
and largest city
8°34′S 125°34′E / 8.567°S 125.567°E / -8.567; 125.567
Official languages
National languages
Religion Roman Catholicism
(prevailing faith)
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Taur Matan Ruak
Rui Maria de Araújo
Legislature National Parliament
• Japanese occupation
• Independence declared
28 November 1975
17 July 1976
• Independence restored
20 May 2002
• Total
15,410 km2 (5,950 sq mi) (159th)
• Water (%)
• 2015 census
• Density
78/km2 (202.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
• Total
$2.234 billion
• Per capita
$5,479 (148th)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
• Total
$1.293 billion
• Per capita
HDI (2014) Decrease 0.595
medium · 133rd
Currency United States Dollarb (USD)
Time zone (UTC+9)
Drives on the left
Calling code +670
ISO 3166 code TL
Internet TLD .tlc
  1. Fifteen further "national languages" are recognised by the Constitution.
  2. Centavo coins also used.
  3. .tp is being phased out.

Coordinates: 8°50′S 125°55′E / 8.833°S 125.917°E / -8.833; 125.917

East Timor (Listeni/ˌst ˈtmɔːr/) or Timor-Leste (/tiˈmɔːr ˈlɛʃt/; Tetum: Timór Lorosa'e), officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (Portuguese: República Democrática de Timor-Leste,Tetum: Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste), is a sovereign state in Maritime Southeast Asia. It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor; the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco; and Oecusse, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island surrounded by Indonesian West Timor. The country's size is about 15,410 km2 (5,400 sq mi).


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