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Chicago

Chicago, Illinois
City
City of Chicago
Clockwise from top: Downtown Chicago, the Chicago Theatre, the 'L', Navy Pier, Millennium Park, the Field Museum, and Willis Tower.
Flag of Chicago, Illinois
Flag
Official seal of Chicago, Illinois
Seal
Etymology: Miami-Illinois: shikaakwa ("wild onion" or "wild garlic")
Potawatomi: Gaa-zhigaagwanzhikaag
Nickname(s): Windy City, Chi-Town, Second City, City of Big Shoulders
(for more, see full list)
Motto: Latin: Urbs in Horto (City in a Garden), I Will
Location in Cook County and the state of Illinois.
Location in Cook County and the state of Illinois.
Chicago is located in the US
Chicago
Chicago
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 41°50′13″N 87°41′05″W / 41.83694°N 87.68472°W / 41.83694; -87.68472Coordinates: 41°50′13″N 87°41′05″W / 41.83694°N 87.68472°W / 41.83694; -87.68472
Country  United States
State  Illinois
Counties Cook and DuPage
Settled 1780s
Incorporated (town) August 12, 1833
Incorporated (city) March 4, 1837
Founded by Jean Baptiste Point du Sable
Named for Miami-Illinois: shikaakwa
(wild onion or wild garlic)
Government
 • Type Mayor–council
 • Body Chicago City Council
 • Mayor Rahm Emanuel (D)
 • City Clerk Anna Valencia (D)
 • City Treasurer Kurt Summers, Jr. (D)
Area
 • City 234.0 sq mi (606 km2)
 • Land 227.3 sq mi (589 km2)
 • Water 6.9 sq mi (18 km2)  3.0%
 • Urban 2,122.8 sq mi (5,498 km2)
 • Metro 10,874 sq mi (28,160 km2)
Elevation(mean) 594 ft (181 m)
Highest elevation
– near Blue Island
672 ft (205 m)
Lowest elevation
– at Lake Michigan
578 ft (176 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 2,695,598
 • Estimate (July 1, 2015) 2,720,546
 • Rank 3rd, U.S.
 • Density 11,864.4/sq mi (4,447.4/km2)
 • Metro 9,551,031 (3rd)
 • CSA 9,923,358 (US: 3rd)
Demonym(s) Chicagoan
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP Code Prefixes 606xx, 607xx, 608xx
Area codes 312/872 and 773/872
FIPS code 17-14000
GNIS feature ID 0428803
Website www.cityofchicago.org

Chicago (Listeni/ʃˈkɑːɡ/ or /ʃˈkɔːɡ/), officially the City of Chicago, is the third-most populous city in the United States, and the fifth-most populous city in North America. With over 2.7 million residents, it is the most populous city in the state of Illinois and the Midwestern United States, and the county seat of Cook County. The Chicago metropolitan area, often referred to as Chicagoland, has nearly 10 million people and is the third-largest in the U.S.


Racial composition 2010 1990 1970 1940
White 45.0% 45.4% 65.6% 91.7%
 —Non-Hispanic 31.7% 37.9% 59.0% 91.2%
Black or African American 32.9% 39.1% 32.7% 8.2%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 28.9% 19.6% 7.4% 0.5%
Asian 5.5% 3.7% 0.9% 0.1%
Major league professional teams in Chicago (ranked by attendance)
Club League Sport Venue Attendance Founded Championships
Chicago Bears NFL Football Soldier Field 62,358 1919 9 Championships (1 Super Bowl)
Chicago Cubs MLB Baseball Wrigley Field 42,495 1870 3 World Series
Chicago White Sox MLB Baseball Guaranteed Rate Field 40,615 1900 3 World Series
Chicago Blackhawks NHL Ice hockey United Center 21,775 1926 6 Stanley Cups
Chicago Bulls NBA Basketball United Center 21,716 1966 6 NBA Championships
Chicago Fire MLS Soccer Toyota Park 16,409 1997 1 MLS Cup, 1 Supporters Shield

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Wikipedia

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