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Centurion, Gauteng

Centurion
The Gautrain high-speed rail station in Centurion
The Gautrain high-speed rail station in Centurion
Centurion is located in Gauteng
Centurion
Centurion
Centurion is located in South Africa
Centurion
Centurion
Centurion is located in Africa
Centurion
Centurion
 Centurion shown within Gauteng
Coordinates: 25°51′37″S 28°11′22″E / 25.86028°S 28.18944°E / -25.86028; 28.18944Coordinates: 25°51′37″S 28°11′22″E / 25.86028°S 28.18944°E / -25.86028; 28.18944
Country South Africa
Province Gauteng
Municipality City of Tshwane
Established 1902
Area
 • Total 394.88 km2 (152.46 sq mi)
Elevation 1,453 m (4,767 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 236,580
 • Density 600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African 29.3%
 • Coloured 2.3%
 • Indian/Asian 8.4%
 • White 59.0%
 • Other 1.0%
First languages (2011)
 • Afrikaans 49.4%
 • English 26.0%
 • Northern Sotho 5.2%
 • Tswana 3.7%
 • Other 15.6%
Postal code (street) 0157
PO box 0046
Area code 012

Centurion (previously known as Verwoerdburg) is an area with 236,580 (2011 Census) inhabitants in Gauteng Province of South Africa, located between Pretoria and Midrand (Johannesburg). Formerly an independent municipality, with its own town council, it forms part of the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality since 2000. Its heart is located at the intersection of the N1 and N14 freeways. The R21 also passes through Centurion.

The Waterkloof Air Force Base, as well as the Swartkop Air Force Base (which includes the South African Air Force Museum) are located in Centurion.

Fossils discovered at the Sterkfontein Caves show that hominids lived in the vicinity of Centurion between 2 and 3 million years ago. The Sterkfontein Caves, a World Heritage Site, is less than 50 km from Centurion, near Mogale City and Krugersdorp.

However, the earliest evidence of modern human habitation in the Centurion area does not go this far back. It dates back to 1200 AD when black African communities settled in this area. They cultivated lands, grazed their cattle, made earthenware containers and melted iron.

From 1825 to 1826 the Matabele peoples defeated the Bakwena tribe and settled along the banks of the Magalies River under the leadership of Mzilikazi.

In 1841 the Erasmus family arrived and settled in the area that would much later (circa 1995) become Centurion. Daniel Jacobus Erasmus settled on the farm Zwartkop, Daniel Elardus Erasmus on the farm Doornkloof and Rasmus Elardus Erasmus developed the farm Brakfontein. Several of the suburbs like Erasmia, Elardus Park, Zwartkop and Doornkloof were named after these 19th-century owners of the land and their properties.


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