António Guterres in 2016
|9th Secretary-General of the United Nations|
1 January 2017
|Preceded by||Ban Ki-moon|
|10th United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees|
15 June 2005 – 31 December 2015
|Preceded by||Ruud Lubbers|
|Succeeded by||Filippo Grandi|
|114th Prime Minister of Portugal|
28 October 1995 – 6 April 2002
|Preceded by||Aníbal Cavaco Silva|
|Succeeded by||José Manuel Barroso|
|President of Socialist International|
November 1999 – June 2005
|Preceded by||Pierre Mauroy|
|Succeeded by||George Papandreou|
|Secretary-General of the Socialist Party|
23 February 1992 – 21 January 2002
|President||António de Almeida Santos|
|Preceded by||Jorge Sampaio|
|Succeeded by||Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues|
António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres
30 April 1949
|Spouse(s)||Luísa Guimarães e Melo (1972–1998)
Catarina Vaz Pinto (2001–present)
|Alma mater||Instituto Superior Técnico|
António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres, GCL GCC (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐ̃ˈtɔnju ɡuˈtɛʁɨʃ]; born 30 April 1949) is a Portuguese politician and diplomat who is serving as the ninth Secretary-General of the United Nations. Previously, he was the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees between 2005 and 2015.
Guterres was the Prime Minister of Portugal from 1995 to 2002, and was the Secretary-General of the Socialist Party from 1992 to 2002. He served as President of Socialist International from 1999 to 2005.
Guterres was born and raised in Lisbon, Portugal, the son of Virgílio Dias Guterres (1913–2009) and his wife Ilda Cândida de Oliveira (born 1923).
He was educated at the Camões Lyceum (now Camões Secondary School) where he graduated in 1965, winning the National Lyceums Award (Prémio Nacional dos Liceus) as the best student in the country. He studied Physics and Electrical Engineering at Instituto Superior Técnico in Lisbon. He graduated in 1971 and started an academic career as Assistant Professor teaching Systems Theory and Telecommunications Signals, before leaving academic life to start a political career.
Guterres' political career began in 1974, when he became a member of the Socialist Party. Shortly thereafter, he quit academic life and became a full-time politician. In the period following the Carnation Revolution of 25 April 1974 that put an end to Caetano's dictatorship, Guterres became involved in Socialist Party leadership and held the following offices: