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113th United States Congress

113th United States Congress
112th ←
→ 114th
Capitol at Dusk 2.jpg
U.S. Capitol building at dusk as seen from the eastern side (Nov. 2014)
January 3, 2013 – January 3, 2015
Senate President Joe Biden (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem Patrick Leahy (D)
House Speaker John Boehner (R)
Members 100 Senators
435 Representatives
6 Non-voting members
Senate Majority Democratic
House Majority Republican
Sessions
1st: January 3, 2013 – December 26, 2013
2nd: January 3, 2014 – December 16, 2014

The One Hundred Thirteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, from January 3, 2013, to January 3, 2015. It was composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives based on the results of the 2012 Senate elections and the 2012 House elections. The seats in the House were apportioned based on the 2010 United States Census. It first met in Washington, D.C. on January 3, 2013, and it ended on January 3, 2015. Senators elected to regular terms in 2008 were in the last two years of those terms during this Congress.

Widespread public dissatisfaction with the institution increased over its second year, and some commentators have ranked it among the worst in United States congressional history. According to a Gallup Poll released in August 2014, the 113th Congress had the highest disapproval rating of any Congress since 1974, when data first started being collected: 83% of Americans surveyed said that they disapproved of the job Congress was doing, while only 13% said that they approved. In October 2013, during the government shutdown, this decreased to 10% approval according to several polls.

Fiscal year 2014 runs from October 1, 2013 to September 30, 2014.

Fiscal year 2015 runs from October 1, 2014 to September 20, 2015.

[ Section contents: Senate: Majority (D), Minority (R)House: Majority (R), Minority (D) ]

Senators are listed by state, and the numbers refer to their Senate classes.

[Section contents: Senate, House, Joint ] Listed alphabetically by chamber, including Chairperson and Ranking Member.


Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 51 2 47 100 0
Begin 53 2 45 100 0
June 3, 2013 52 99 1
June 6, 2013 46 100 0
October 31, 2013 53 45
February 6, 2014 52 99 1
February 9, 2014 53 100 0
Final voting share 55% 45%
Beginning of the next Congress 44 2 54 100 0
Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Republican
End of previous Congress 191 240 431 4
Begin 200 233 433 2
January 22, 2013 232 432 3
April 9, 2013 201 433 2
May 7, 2013 233 434 1
June 4, 2013 234 435 0
July 15, 2013 200 434 1
August 2, 2013 233 433 2
September 26, 2013 232 432 3
October 18, 2013 231 431 4
November 16, 2013 232 432 3
December 10, 2013 201 433 2
December 17, 2013 233 434 1
January 6, 2014 200 433 2
January 27, 2014 232 432 3
February 18, 2014 199 431 4
March 11, 2014 233 432 3
June 24, 2014 234 433 2
August 18, 2014 233 432 3
November 4, 2014 201 234 435 0
Final voting share 46.2% 53.8%
Non-voting members 6 0 6 0
Beginning of the next Congress 188 247 435 0
State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Massachusetts
(2)
John Kerry
(D)
Resigned February 1, 2013 to become U.S. Secretary of State.
Successor was appointed February 1, 2013 to continue the term.
Mo Cowan
(D)
February 1, 2013
New Jersey
(2)
Frank Lautenberg
(D)
Died June 3, 2013.
Successor was appointed June 6, 2013 to continue the term.
Jeffrey Chiesa (R) June 10, 2013
Massachusetts
(2)
Mo Cowan
(D)
Appointment expired July 16, 2013, following a special election.
Successor was elected June 25, 2013 to finish the term ending with this Congress.
Ed Markey (D) July 16, 2013
New Jersey
(2)
Jeffrey Chiesa
(R)
Appointment expired October 31, 2013, following a special election.
Successor was elected October 16, 2013 to finish the term ending with this Congress.
Cory Booker (D) October 31, 2013
Montana
(2)
Max Baucus
(D)
Resigned February 6, 2014 to become U.S. Ambassador to China.
Successor was appointed February 9, 2014 to finish the term ending with this Congress.
John Walsh (D) February 11, 2014
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Illinois 2nd Vacant Jesse Jackson, Jr. (D) resigned November 21, 2012, near the end of the previous Congress for health reasons.
A special election was held April 9, 2013.
Robin Kelly (D) April 11, 2013
South Carolina 1st Vacant Tim Scott (R) resigned January 2, 2013, near the end of the previous Congress, when appointed to the Senate.
A special election was held May 7, 2013.
Mark Sanford (R) May 15, 2013
Missouri 8th Jo Ann Emerson
(R)
Resigned January 22, 2013 to become president and CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association.
A special election was held June 4, 2013.
Jason Smith (R) June 5, 2013
Massachusetts 5th Ed Markey
(D)
Resigned July 16, 2013, having been elected to the United States Senate in a special election.
A special election was held December 10, 2013.
Katherine Clark (D) December 12, 2013
Alabama 1st Jo Bonner
(R)
Resigned August 2, 2013 to become a vice chancellor in the University of Alabama System.
A special election was held December 17, 2013.
Bradley Byrne
(R)
January 7, 2014
Louisiana 5th Rodney Alexander
(R)
Resigned September 26, 2013 to become the secretary of the Louisiana Department of Veterans Affairs.
A special election was held November 16, 2013.
Vance McAllister (R) November 21, 2013
Florida 13th Bill Young
(R)
Died October 18, 2013.
A special election was held March 11, 2014.
David Jolly (R) March 13, 2014
North Carolina 12th Mel Watt (D) Resigned January 6, 2014 to become head of the Federal Housing Finance Agency.
A special election was held November 4, 2014.
Alma Adams (D) November 12, 2014
Florida 19th Trey Radel (R) Resigned January 27, 2014 following a conviction for cocaine possession.
A special election was held June 24, 2014.
Curt Clawson (R) June 25, 2014
New Jersey 1st Rob Andrews
(D)
Resigned February 18, 2014, to take a position at a Philadelphia law firm.
A special election was held November 4, 2014.
Donald Norcross
(D)
November 12, 2014
Virginia 7th Eric Cantor
(R)
Resigned August 18, 2014 following his primary defeat.
A special election was held November 4, 2014.
Dave Brat
(R)
November 12, 2014

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