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Sesklo

Sesklo
Σέσκλο
Sesklo is located in Greece
Sesklo
Sesklo
Coordinates: 39°21.3′N 22°50.1′E / 39.3550°N 22.8350°E / 39.3550; 22.8350Coordinates: 39°21.3′N 22°50.1′E / 39.3550°N 22.8350°E / 39.3550; 22.8350
Country Greece
Administrative region Thessaly
Regional unit Magnesia
Municipality Volos
Municipal unit Aisonia
Elevation 200 m (700 ft)
Community
 • Population 970 (2011)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 385 00
Area code(s) 24210
Sesklo culture
Map showing the main cultures of Neolithic Greece c. 7000 BC — c. 3200 BC
Alternative names Map showing the main cultures of Neolithic Greece c. 7000 BC — c. 3200 BC
Geographical range Eastern Europe
Period Neolithic Greece
Dates c. 6850 BC — c. 4400 BC
Type site Sesklo
Major sites Sesklo
Preceded by Neolithic Greece
Followed by Dimini culture, Starčevo–Kőrös–Criș culture

Sesklo (Greek: Σέσκλο) is a village near the city of Volos. Volos is located within the municipality of Aisonia. Aisonia is located within the regional unit of Magnesia. Magnesia is located within the administrative region of Thessaly. Thessaly is located within Greece.

This settlement gives its name to the first Neolithic culture of Europe, which inhabited Thessaly and parts of Macedonia. The Neolithic settlement was discovered in the 1800s and the first excavations were made by Greek archaeologist, Christos Tsountas. The oldest fragments researched at Sesklo place the civilization's development as far back as c. 7510 BC — c. 6190 BC, known as proto-Sesklo and pre-Sesklo and they show an advanced agriculture and a very early use of pottery that rivals in age those of the near east. Available data also indicates that domestication of cattle occurred at Argissa as early as c. 6300 BC during the Pre-Pottery Neolithic.

The aceramic levels at Sesklo contained bone fragments of domesticated cattle too. The earliest occurrence reported in the near east is at Çatalhöyük, in stratum VI, dating c. 5750 BC, though it might have been present in stratum XII too — c. 6100 BC. The Neolithic settlement was covering an area of about 20 hectares in its peak period c. 5000 BC and comprised about 500 — 800 houses with a population of perhaps up to 5,000 people.


c. 5000 BC 1981 1991 2001 2011
Historical Population of Sesklo 1,000 — 5,000 781 857 906 970

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Wikipedia

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