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Mathe Forum Schule und Studenten
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Rugby union
New Zealand vs South Africa 2006 Tri Nations Line Out.JPG

South African Victor Matfield takes a line-out against New Zealand in 2006.

Highest governing body World Rugby
Nicknames Rugby, Rugger, Union
First played 1871
Registered players 2,360,000
Clubs 18,630
Characteristics
Contact Full contact
Team members 23 (15 on the field)
Mixed gender Separate competitions
Type Team sport, Outdoor
Equipment Rugby ball
Presence
Olympic Part of the Summer Olympic programme in 1900, 1908, 1920 and 1924
Rugby sevens included in 2016

 

Rugby union, or simply rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century. One of the two codes of rugby football, it is based on running with the ball in hand. In its most common form, a game is between two teams of 15 players using an oval-shaped ball on a rectangular field with H-shaped goalposts on each try line.

In 1845, the first football laws were written by Rugby School pupils; other significant events in the early development of rugby include the Blackheath Club's decision to leave the Football Association in 1863 and the split between rugby union and rugby league in 1895. Historically an amateur sport, in 1995 restrictions on payments to players were removed, making the game openly professional at the highest level for the first time.

World Rugby, originally the International Rugby Football Board (IRFB) and from 1998 to 2014 the International Rugby Board (IRB), has been the governing body for rugby union since 1886. Rugby union spread from the Home Nations of Great Britain and Ireland, and was absorbed by many of the countries associated with the British Empire. Early exponents of the sport included Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and France.

Countries that have adopted rugby union as their de facto national sport include Fiji, Georgia, Madagascar, New Zealand, Samoa, Tonga and Wales. Rugby union is played in over 100 countries across six continents; there are 101 full members and 18 associate members of World Rugby.

The Rugby World Cup, first held in 1987, takes place every four years with the winner of the tournament receiving the Webb Ellis Cup. The Six Nations Championship in Europe and The Rugby Championship in the Southern Hemisphere are major annual competitions.

 

Professional rugby competitions
Competition Teams Countries Average
Attendance
Super Rugby 18 South Africa (6), New Zealand (5),
Australia (5), Argentina (1), Japan (1)
20,384
Premiership 12 England 13,354
Top 14 14 France 13,207
Currie Cup 9 South Africa 11,125
Pro12 12 Ireland (4), Wales (4),
Scotland (2), Italy (2)
8,586
Mitre 10 Cup 14 New Zealand 7,203
Rugby Pro D2 16 France 4,222
RFU Championship 12 England 2,738
PRO Rugby 5 United States 1,723
NRC 8 Australia 1,450

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Wikipedia
piglix posted in Sports by Galactic Guru
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