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Valley of the Kings

Coordinates: 25°44′27″N 32°36′8″E / 25.74083°N 32.60222°E / 25.74083; 32.60222

The Valley of the Kings (Arabic: وادي الملوك‎‎ Wādī al Mulūk), the Valley of the Gates of the Kings (Arabic: وادي ابواب الملوك‎‎ Wādī Abwāb al Mulūk), is a valley in Egypt where, for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC, tombs were constructed for the Pharaohs and powerful nobles of the New Kingdom (the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Dynasties of Ancient Egypt).

The valley stands on the west bank of the Nile, opposite Thebes (modern Luxor), within the heart of the Theban Necropolis. The wadi consists of two valleys, East Valley (where the majority of the royal tombs are situated) and West Valley.

Tomb equipment
  • Ambros, Eva (2001). Egypt: an up-to-date travel guide with 145 color photos and 21 maps. Hunter Publishing. ISBN . 
  • Baines, John; Jaromir Malik (2000). Cultural Atlas of Ancient Egypt. New York: Facts on file. ISBN . 
  • Baillet, Jules (1920–1926). Inscriptions grecques et latines des tombeaux des rois ou Syringes à Thèbes. Cairo: Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale du Caire, Mémoires publiés par les membres. 
  • M. L. Bierbrier (1993). The Tomb-Builders of the Pharaohs. Cairo: American Univ in Cairo Press. ISBN . 
  • Cross, Stephen W. (1993). "The Hydrology of the Valley of the Kings". JEA. 94: 303–310. 
  • Davis, Theodore M. (2001). The Tomb of Siphtah with The Tomb of Queen Tiyi. London: Gerald Duckworth & Co Ltd. ISBN . 
  • Davis, Theodore M. (2001). The Tombs of Harmhabi and Touatânkhamanou. London: Duckworth Publishing. ISBN . 
  • Dodson, Aidan (1991). Egyptian Rock-cut Tombs. Buckinghamshire: Shire Publications Ltd. ISBN . 
  • El Mahdy, Christine (2001). Tutankhamen: The Life and Death of the Boy-King. St. Martin's Press. ISBN . 
  • Maspero, Gaston (1913). Manual of Egyptian Archaeology, Sixth English Edition. H. Grevel and Co. ISBN . 
  • Reeves, Nicholas (1990). Valley of the Kings: The Decline of a Royal Necropolis. Keegan Paul. ISBN . 
  • Reeves, Nicholas; Richard H. Wilkinson (1996). The Complete Valley of the Kings. Thames and Hudson. ISBN .  – Details of all the major tombs, their discovery, art and architecture
  • Romer, John (1981). Valley of the Kings. Henry Holt. ISBN .  – Covers the history of the exploration of the Valley in chronological order
  • Rossi, Corinna (2001). "Dimensions and Slope in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Dynasty Royal Tombs". The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology. The Egyptian Exploration Society. 87: 73–80. doi:10.2307/3822372. ISSN 0307-5133. JSTOR 3822372. 
  • Sampsell, Bonnie M. (2003). A Traveler's Guide to the Geology of Egypt. Cairo: American University Press. ISBN . 
  • Siliotti, Alberto (1997). Guide to the Valley of the Kings. Barnes and Noble. ISBN .  – A good introduction to the valley and surroundings
  • Strudwick, Nigel; Helen Strudwick (1999). Thebes in Egypt. Cornell University. ISBN . 
  • Weeks, Kent R.; Araldo De Luca (photographs) (2001). Valley of the Kings. Friedman/Fairfax. ISBN .  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help) – Spectacular photography of the best tombs
  • Weeks, Kent R. (2000). KV 5: A Preliminary Report on the Excavation of the Tomb of the Sons of Ramesses II in the Valley of the Kings. Cairo: American University Press. ISBN . 
  • Weigall, Arthur (1910). A Guide to the Antiquities of Upper Egypt. London: Mentheun & Co. ISBN . 
  • Wilkinson, Richard H. (1994). Valley of the Sun Kings: New Explorations in the Tombs of the Pharaohs. Tucson: University of Arizona Egyptian Expedition. ISBN .  – chapters by archaeologists working in the valley from an international conference on the Valley of the Kings
  • Wilkinson, Richard H. (1993). "The paths of Re: Symbolism in the royal tombs of Wadi Biban El Moluk". KMT. 4 (3). 


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