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Palace of Nations

Palace of Nations
Palais des Nations
UN Building A Southern Lawn.jpg
Building A of the Palace of Nations.
General information
Architectural style Classicism
Location Geneva, Switzerland
46°13′36″N 6°08′26″E / 46.22667°N 6.14056°E / 46.22667; 6.14056
Coordinates 46°13′35.63″N 6°8′25.72″E / 46.2265639°N 6.1404778°E / 46.2265639; 6.1404778Coordinates: 46°13′35.63″N 6°8′25.72″E / 46.2265639°N 6.1404778°E / 46.2265639; 6.1404778
Construction started 7 September 1929
Completed 1938
Renovated planned 2017–2023
Owner United Nations, previously the League of Nations
Technical details
Floor area 17.635m3
Design and construction
Architect

The Palace of Nations (French: Palais des Nations, pronounced: [palɛ de nɑsjɔ̃]) in Geneva, Switzerland, was built between 1929 and 1938 to serve as the headquarters of the League of Nations. It has served as the home of the United Nations Office at Geneva since 1946 when the Secretary-General of the United Nations signed a Headquarters Agreement with the Swiss authorities, although Switzerland did not become a member of the United Nations until 2002.

In 2012 alone, the Palace of Nations hosted more than 10,000 intergovernmental meetings.

An architectural competition held in the 1920s to choose a design for the complex described the project as follows:

The Palace, whose construction is the object of the competition, is intended to house all the organs of the League of Nations in Geneva. It should be designed in such a way as to allow these organs to work, to preside and to hold discussions, independently and easily in the calm atmosphere which should prevail when dealing with problems of an international dimension.

A jury of architects was selected to choose a final design from among three-hundred and thirty-seven entries but was unable to decide on a winner. Ultimately, the five architects behind the leading entries were chosen to collaborate on a final design: Julien Flegenheimer of Switzerland, Camille Lefèvre and Henri-Paul Nénot of France, Carlo Broggi of Italy and József Vágó of Hungary. Donations from League members were used in the interior. The Palace constituted at the time of completion (1936), volume wise, the second-largest building complex in Europe after Versailles (440,000 m3 (15,500,000 cu ft) vs. 460,000 m3 (16,200,000 cu ft) ). After its transfer to the United Nations, two extensions were added to the building, which considerably increased the size of the usable area of the building. Between 1950-1952, three floors were added to the "K" building, and the "D" building was constructed to house temporarily the World Health Organization. The "E" building (or "New" Building) was added between 1968-1973 as a conference facility (an additional eleven conference rooms and an extra volume of 380,000 m3 (13,400,000 cu ft)), with bringing the total of conference rooms to 34. With the additions, the complex is 600 metres (2,000 ft) long and holds 2,800 offices, with a total volume of 853,000 m3 (30,100,000 cu ft)


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Wikipedia

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