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Lucha libre


Lucha libre (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈlutʃa ˈliβɾe], meaning "Free fight") is a term used in Mexico for a form of professional wrestling developed in the country. Professional wrestling is an athletic form of entertainment based on a portrayal of a combat sport. Although the term today refers exclusively to professional wrestling, it was originally used in the same style as the American and English term "freestyle wrestling", referring to an amateur wrestling style without the restrictions of Greco-Roman wrestling.

Mexican wrestling is characterized by colorful masks, rapid sequences of holds and maneuvers, as well as "high-flying" maneuvers, some of which have been adopted in the United States. The wearing of masks has developed special significance, and matches are sometimes contested in which the loser must permanently remove his mask, which is a wager with a high degree of weight attached. Tag team wrestling is especially prevalent in lucha libre, particularly matches with three-member teams, called trios.

Lucha libre wrestlers are known as luchadores (singular luchador) ("wrestler(s)"). They usually come from extended wrestling families who form their own stables. One such line integrated to the United States professional wrestling scene is Los Guerreros.

Lucha libre has also transcended the language barrier to some extent as evidenced by works such as Los Luchadores, ¡Mucha Lucha!, and Nacho Libre. Lucha libre also appears in other pop culture such as mainstream advertising: in Canada, Telus' Koodo Mobile Post Paid cell service uses a cartoon lucha libre wrestler as its spokesperson/mascot.


Name (English) Name (Spanish) Weight Limit Titles in division
Flyweight Mosca 52 kg (115 lb) None
Bantamweight Gallo 57 kg (126 lb) None
Featherweight Pluma 63 kg (139 lb) Mexican National, UWA
Lightweight Ligero 70 kg (150 lb) Mexican National, UWA, WWA, IWRG
Super Lightweight Super Ligero 73 kg (161 lb) CMLL
Welterweight Welter 77 kg (170 lb) Mexican National, NWA, CMLL, UWA, WWA, IWRG
Super Welterweight Super welter 82 kg (181 lb) IWRG
Middleweight Medio 87 kg (192 lb) Mexican National, NWA, CMLL, UWA, WWA, IWRG
Super Middleweight / Junior Light Heavyweight Super medio / Semicompleto Junior 92 kg (203 lb) UWA, WWA
Light Heavyweight Semi completo 97 kg (214 lb) Mexican National, NWA, CMLL, UWA, WWA
Junior Heavyweight / Cruiserweight Completo junior / Crucero 105 kg (231 lb) UWA, AAA
Heavyweight Completo 105 kg (231 lb) (Minimum) Mexican National, CMLL, UWA, WWA, IWRG, AAA

  • Máscara contra máscara ("mask versus mask"): two masked luchadores bet their masks, the loser is unmasked by the winner.
  • Máscara contra cabellera ("mask versus hair"): a masked wrestler and an unmasked one compete, sometimes after the unmasked one has lost his mask to the masked one in a prior bout. If the masked luchador wins, the unmasked one shaves his head as a sign of humiliation. If the unmasked luchador is the winner, he keeps his hair and the loser is unmasked.
  • Cabellera contra cabellera ("hair versus hair"): the loser of the match has his head shaved bald. This can occur both between unmasked wrestlers and between masked wrestlers who have to remove their mask enough to be shaved after the match. An example of this occurred in the WWF, where Roddy Piper defeated Adrian Adonis at WrestleMania III.
  • Máscara o cabellera contra campeonato ("mask or hair versus title"): if the title challenger loses, they are unmasked or shaved. But if the champion loses, the challenger is crowned the new champion. An example of this occurred in the WWE, where Rey Mysterio, a masked luchador, beat the Intercontinental Champion Chris Jericho at The Bash. A different result happened on Raw in 2003, where Kane failed to defeat Triple H for the World Heavyweight Championship, and unmasked per the stipulation.
  • Máscara o cabellera contra retiro ("mask or hair versus career"): if the masked or haired luchador loses, his opponent wins the mask or hair. But if he wins, his opponent must retire.
  • Carrera contra carrera ("career versus career"): Loser must retire. An example of this occurred in the WWF, where The Ultimate Warrior defeated "Macho Man" Randy Savage at WrestleMania VII.
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Wikipedia

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