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Khor Fakkan

Khorfakkan
خورفكان
Town
Khorfakkan
Skyline of Khorfakkan
Flag of Khorfakkan
Flag
Khorfakkan is located in United Arab Emirates
Khorfakkan
Khorfakkan
Location of Khorfakkan
Coordinates: 25°20′21″N 56°21′22″E / 25.33917°N 56.35611°E / 25.33917; 56.35611
Country  United Arab Emirates
Emirate Al-Sharjah
Government
 • Sheikh Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Qasimi
Population (2006)
 • Total 33,575
 • Density 1,150/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zone UAE Standard Time (UTC+4)

Khorfakkan (Arabic: خورفكان‎‎) is a town located along the Gulf of Oman on the east coast of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The town, the second largest on the east coast after Fujairah, is set on the picturesque bay of Khorfakkan, which means "Creek of Two Jaws". Khorfakkan belongs to the Emirate of Sharjah but is geographically surrounded by the emirate of Fujairah. It is the site of Khorfakkan Container Terminal, the only natural deep-sea port in the region and one of the major container ports in the Emirates.

Khorfakkan has a long history of human settlement. There is evidence of the postholes from the wooden uprights of the traditional barasti huts known as arish, such as at Tell Abraq which dates from the 3rd to 1st millienium BC. Excavations by a team from the Sharjah Archaeological Museum have identified 34 graves and a settlement belonging to the early-mid 2nd millennium BC. These are clustered on rock outcrops overlooking the harbour.

Around 1500, Duarte Barbosa described it as a village “around which are gardens and farms in plenty”. In 1580 the Venetian jeweler Gasparo Balbi noted "Chorf" in a list of places on the east coast of the United Arab Emirates, which is considered by historians to indicate Khorfakkan. The Portuguese built a fort at Khorfakkan that was a ruin by 1666. The log book of the Dutch vessel the Meerkat mentions this fort and another one, describing "Gorfacan" as a place on a small bay, with about 200 small houses built from date branches, near the beach. It refers to a triangular Portuguese fortress on the northern side, in ruins, and a fortress on a hill on the southern side, also in ruins, without garrison or artillery. As well as date palms, the Meerkat's log also mentions fig trees, melons, watermelons and myrrh. It notes several wells with "good and fresh water" used for irrigation.


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