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Gujarati language

Gujarati Script Sample.svg
"Gujarati" in Gujarati script
Pronunciation [ɡudʒəˈɾɑːt̪i]
Region Gujarat
Ethnicity Gujaratis
Native speakers
50.3 million (2001)
L1: 46.1 million
L2 & L3: 4.2 million
Early forms
Gujarati alphabet
Gujarati Braille
Official status
Official language in
Gujarat (India)
Daman and Diu (India)
Dadra and Nagar Haveli (India)
Language codes
ISO 639-1 gu
ISO 639-2
ISO 639-3
Glottolog guja1252
Linguasphere 59-AAF-h
Distribution of native Gujarati speakers in India

Gujarati /ɡʊəˈrɑːti/ (ગુજરાતી Gujarātī [ɡudʒəˈɾɑːt̪i]) is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat. It is part of the greater Indo-European language family. Gujarati is descended from Old Gujarati (circa 1100–1500 AD). In India, it is the official language in the state of Gujarat, as well as an official language in the union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Gujarati is the language of the Gujjars, who had ruled Rajputana and Punjab.

According to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 4.5% of the Indian population (1.21 billion according to the 2011 census) speaks Gujarati, which amounts to 54.6 million speakers in India. There are about 65.5 million speakers of Gujarati worldwide, making it the 26th-most-spoken native language in the world. Gujarati was the first language of Mahatma Gandhi and Muhammad Ali Jinnah.