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Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus (Carl von Linné)
Portrait of Linnaeus on a brown background with the word "Linne" in the top right corner
Carl von Linné, Alexander Roslin, 1775
(oil on canvas, Gripsholm Castle)
Born (1707-05-23)23 May 1707
Råshult, Stenbrohult parish (now within Älmhult Municipality), Sweden
Died 10 January 1778(1778-01-10) (aged 70)
Hammarby (estate), Danmark parish (outside Uppsala), Sweden
Resting place Uppsala Cathedral
59°51′29″N 17°38′00″E / 59.85806°N 17.63333°E / 59.85806; 17.63333
Residence Sweden
Nationality Swedish
Fields Botany
Biology
Zoology
Institutions Uppsala University
Alma mater Lund University
Uppsala University
University of Harderwijk
Thesis Dissertatio medica inauguralis in qua exhibetur hypothesis nova de febrium intermittentium causa (1735)
Notable students Peter Ascanius
Known for Binomial nomenclature
Scientific classification
Taxonomy
Author abbrev. (botany) L.
Author abbrev. (zoology) Linnaeus
Spouse Sara Elisabeth Moraea
Children 7
Signature
Carl v. Linné

Carl Linnaeus (/lɪˈnəs, lɪˈnəs/; 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈkɑːɭ ˈfɔnː lɪˈneː]), was a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, who formalised the modern system of naming organisms called binomial nomenclature. He is known by the epithet "father of modern taxonomy". Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnæus (after 1761 Carolus a Linné).

Linnaeus was born in the countryside of Småland, in southern Sweden. He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University, and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published a first edition of his Systema Naturae in the Netherlands. He then returned to Sweden, where he became professor of medicine and botany at Uppsala. In the 1740s, he was sent on several journeys through Sweden to find and classify plants and animals. In the 1750s and 1760s, he continued to collect and classify animals, plants, and minerals, and published several volumes. At the time of his death, he was one of the most acclaimed scientists in Europe.



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