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Campos dos Goytacazes

Campos dos Goytacazes
Municipality
The Municipality of
Campos dos Goytacazes
Campos RJ.jpg
Flag of Campos dos Goytacazes
Flag
Coat of arms of Campos dos Goytacazes
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): "The Capital of Oil and Sugar"
Location of Campos in the State of Rio de Janeiro
Location of Campos in the State of Rio de Janeiro
Campos dos Goytacazes is located in Brazil
Campos dos Goytacazes
Campos dos Goytacazes
Location of Campos in the State of Rio de Janeiro
Coordinates: 21°45′14″S 41°19′26″W / 21.75389°S 41.32389°W / -21.75389; -41.32389
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State Bandeira do estado do Rio de Janeiro.svg Rio de Janeiro
Founded March 28, 1835
Government
 • Mayor Rafael Diniz (PPS)
Area
 • Total 4,032 km2 (1,557 sq mi)
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 472,300
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
 
Time zone UTC-3
Postal Code 28000-000
Area code(s) +55 22
Website Campos, Rio de Janeiro

Coordinates: 21°45′14″S 41°19′26″W / 21.75389°S 41.32389°W / -21.75389; -41.32389

Campos dos Goytacazes (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈkɐ̃puʒ duʒ ɡojtaˈkaziʃ]) is a municipality located in the northern area of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, with a population of 472,300 inhabitants.

Campos dos Goytacazes has an area of 4,032 km² (1,557 sq mi), which makes it the largest municipality in the state by area, and its elevation is 14 m. Its name comes from the geographical characteristic of the region, very flat with fields (campos in Portuguese) and from the Goytacazes Indians, which inhabited the region. Campos, as the city is usually known, is a macro region of the Northern Fluminense, and is a micro region of Campos dos Goytacazes. The city has a tropical climate.

The municipality contains part of the 21,444 hectares (52,990 acres) Desengano State Park, created in 1970.

The city's distance to Rio de Janeiro city, which is the capital of the state, is 286 kilometres (178 mi). BR-101 is the access highway of the city of Campos. Regular air services are operated from its airport Bartolomeu Lysandro. It is the easternmost municipality in Rio de Janeiro.

Colonization of the area started in the 16th century, and the village of São Salvador de Campos de Goytacazes was founded on May 29, 1677. On March 28, 1835 the village was promoted to city status.

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Campos was the see of Bishop Antônio de Castro Mayer, nicknamed "The Lion of Campos", who was one of the bishops who opposed the Vatican II reforms and who teamed with Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre of Dakar to consecrate four independent bishops in Écône, Switzerland, in 1988. Nowadays there are in Campos two Roman Catholic jurisdictions: a Diocese, whose Bishop is Monsignor Roberto Gomes Guimarães and the Personal Apostolic Administration of Saint John Mary Vianney, whose Apostolic Administrator is Monsignor Fernando Areas Rifan.


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Wikipedia

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