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Bangkok

Bangkok
กรุงเทพมหานคร
Krung Thep Maha Nakhon
Special administrative area
Clockwise from top: Wat Benchamabophit (Marble Temple), Giant Swing, Wat Arun, Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall, view over Lumpini Park area at night, and Wat Phra Kaeo
Clockwise from top: Wat Benchamabophit (Marble Temple), Giant Swing, Wat Arun, Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall, view over Lumpini Park area at night, and Wat Phra Kaeo
A green rectangular flag with the seal of Bangkok in the centre
Flag
A round seal bearing the image of Indra riding Airavata among clouds, with the words "Krung Thep Maha Nakhon" (in Thai) across the top
Seal
Map of Thailand, with a small highlighted area near the centre of the country, near the coast of the Gulf of Thailand
Location within Thailand
Coordinates: 13°45′N 100°28′E / 13.750°N 100.467°E / 13.750; 100.467Coordinates: 13°45′N 100°28′E / 13.750°N 100.467°E / 13.750; 100.467
Country  Thailand
Region Central Thailand
Settled c 15th century
Founded as capital 21 April 1782
Re-incorporated 13 December 1972
Founded by King Rama I
Governing body Bangkok Metropolitan Administration
Government
 • Type Special administrative area
 • Governor Aswin Kwanmuang
Area
 • City 1,568.737 km2 (605.693 sq mi)
 • Metro 7,761.6 km2 (2,996.8 sq mi)
Elevation 1.5 m (4.9 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • City 8,280,925
 • Density 5,300/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 14,565,547
 • Metro density 1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bangkokian
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Postal code 10###
Area code(s) 02
ISO 3166 code TH-10
Website www.bangkok.go.th

Bangkok (English pronunciation: /ˈbæŋkɒk/) is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. It is known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon (กรุงเทพมหานคร, pronounced  [krūŋ tʰêːp mahǎː nákʰɔ̄ːn]) or simply About this sound Krung Thep . The city occupies 1,568.7 square kilometres (605.7 sq mi) in the Chao Phraya River delta in Central Thailand, and has a population of over 8 million, or 12.6 percent of the country's population. Over 14 million people (22.2 percent) live within the surrounding Bangkok Metropolitan Region, making Bangkok an extreme primate city, significantly dwarfing Thailand's other urban centres in terms of importance. There are 581 high-rise buildings in the city, ranking number 5 in the world.

Bangkok traces its roots to a small trading post during the Ayutthaya Kingdom in the 15th century, which eventually grew in size and became the site of two capital cities: Thonburi in 1768 and Rattanakosin in 1782. Bangkok was at the heart of the modernization of Siam – later renamed Thailand – during the late 19th century, as the country faced pressures from the West. The city was at the centre of Thailand's political struggles, throughout the 20th century, as the country abolished absolute monarchy, adopted constitutional rule and underwent numerous coups and several uprisings. The city grew rapidly during the 1960s through the 1980s and now exerts a significant impact among Thailand's politics, economy, education, media and modern society.


Climate data for Bangkok Metropolis (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.6
(99.7)
38.8
(101.8)
40.1
(104.2)
40.2
(104.4)
39.7
(103.5)
38.3
(100.9)
37.9
(100.2)
38.5
(101.3)
37.2
(99)
37.9
(100.2)
38.8
(101.8)
37.1
(98.8)
40.2
(104.4)
Average high °C (°F) 32.5
(90.5)
33.3
(91.9)
34.3
(93.7)
35.4
(95.7)
34.4
(93.9)
33.6
(92.5)
33.2
(91.8)
32.9
(91.2)
32.8
(91)
32.6
(90.7)
32.4
(90.3)
31.7
(89.1)
33.3
(91.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.0
(80.6)
28.3
(82.9)
29.5
(85.1)
30.5
(86.9)
29.9
(85.8)
29.5
(85.1)
29.0
(84.2)
28.8
(83.8)
28.3
(82.9)
28.1
(82.6)
27.8
(82)
26.5
(79.7)
28.6
(83.5)
Average low °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
24.4
(75.9)
25.9
(78.6)
26.9
(80.4)
26.3
(79.3)
26.1
(79)
25.7
(78.3)
25.5
(77.9)
25.0
(77)
24.8
(76.6)
23.9
(75)
22.0
(71.6)
24.9
(76.8)
Record low °C (°F) 10.0
(50)
14.0
(57.2)
15.7
(60.3)
20.0
(68)
21.1
(70)
21.1
(70)
21.8
(71.2)
21.8
(71.2)
21.1
(70)
18.3
(64.9)
15.0
(59)
10.5
(50.9)
10
(50)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 13.3
(0.524)
20.0
(0.787)
42.1
(1.657)
91.4
(3.598)
247.7
(9.752)
157.1
(6.185)
175.1
(6.894)
219.3
(8.634)
334.3
(13.161)
292.1
(11.5)
49.5
(1.949)
6.3
(0.248)
1,648.2
(64.89)
Average rainy days 1.8 2.4 3.6 6.6 16.4 16.3 17.4 19.6 21.2 17.7 5.8 1.1 129.9
Average relative humidity (%) 68 72 72 72 75 74 75 76 79 78 70 66 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 272.8 251.4 269.7 258.0 217.0 177.0 170.5 161.2 156.0 198.4 234.0 263.5 2,629.5
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department, humidity (1981–2010): RID; Rainfall (1981–2010): RID
Source #2: Pogodaiklimat.ru(High/Low Record) NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)
Historical census populations
Year Population
1919 437,294
1929 713,384
1937 890,453
1947 1,178,881
1960 2,136,435
1970 3,077,361
1980 4,697,071
1990 5,882,411
2000 6,355,144
2010 8,280,925

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