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Ancient Greek literature


Ancient Greek literature refers to literature written in the Ancient Greek language from the earliest texts until roughly the rise of the Byzantine Empire. The earliest surviving works of ancient Greek literature are the two epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey. These two epics, along with the Homeric Hymns and Theogony and Works and Days by the poet Hesiod comprised the major foundational works of the Greek literary tradition.

The other highly esteemed writers of the Classical Era included the poets Sappho of Lesbos, Alcaeus of Mytilene, and Pindar of Thebes, the playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, and Menander, the historians Herodotus of Halicarnassus and Thucydides, and the philosophers Plato and Aristotle of Stagira.

Important later writers included Apollonius of Rhodes, who wrote The Argonautica, an epic poem about the voyage of the Argonauts, Archimedes of Syracuse, who wrote groundbreaking mathematical treatises, Plutarch of Chaeronea, who wrote mainly biographies and essays, and Lucian of Samosata, who wrote primarily works of satire.



  • Beye, Charles Rowan (1987). Ancient Greek Literature and Society. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press. ISBN . 
  • Easterling, P.E.; Knox, B.M.W., eds. (1985). The Cambridge History of Classical Literature: Volume 1: Greek literature. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]; New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN . 
  • Flacelière, Robert (1964). A Literary History of Greece. (Translated by Douglas Garman). Chicago: Aldine Pub. Co. 
  • Gutzwiller, Kathryn (2007). A guide to Hellenistic literature. Blackwell. ISBN . 
  • Hadas, Moses (1950). A History of Greek Literature. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. 
  • Lesky, Albin (1966). A history of Greek literature. Translated by James Willis and Cornelis de Heer. Indianapolis / Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc. ISBN . 
  • Schmidt, Michael (2004). The first poets: lives of the ancient Greek poets. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN . 
  • C. A. Trypanis (1981). Greek Poetry from Homer to Seferis. University of Chicago Press. 
  • Whitmarsh, Tim (2004). Ancient Greek Literature. Cambridge: Polity Press. ISBN . 
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Wikipedia

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