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Alexander I of Yugoslavia

Alexander I
Kralj aleksandar1.jpg
King of Yugoslavia
Reign 6 January 1929 – 9 October 1934
Successor Paul (as Prince Regent)
Peter II
King of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
Reign 16 August 1921 – 6 January 1929
Predecessor Peter I
Prince Regent of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
Regency 1 December 1918 – 16 August 1921
Monarch Peter I
Prince Regent of Serbia
Regency 24 June 1914 – 1 December 1918
Monarch Peter I
Born (1888-12-16)16 December 1888
Cetinje, Montenegro
Died 9 October 1934(1934-10-09) (aged 45)
Marseille, France
Burial Royal Mausoleum Oplenac
Spouse Maria of Romania
Issue Peter II of Yugoslavia
Prince Tomislav
Prince Andrew
House Karađorđević
Father Peter I, King of Yugoslavia
Mother Zorka of Montenegro
Religion Eastern Orthodox
Styles of
Alexander I of Yugoslavia
Royal Monogram of King Alexander I Yugoslavia.svg
Reference style His Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Sir

Alexander I (Aleksandar I Karađorđević, Serbian Cyrillic: Александар I Карађорђевић, pronounced [aleksǎːndar př̩ʋiː karad͡ʑǒːrd͡ʑeʋit͡ɕ]), also known as Alexander the Unifier (Aleksandar Ujedinitelj, Serbian Cyrillic: Александар Ујединитељ [aleksǎːndar ujedǐniteʎ], 16 December 1888 [O.S. 4 December] – 9 October 1934) served as a prince regent of the Kingdom of Serbia from 1914 and later became King of Yugoslavia from 1921 to 1934 (prior to 1929 the Kingdom was known as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes).

He was the last European monarch to be assassinated.

Alexander Karađorđević was born on 16 December 1888 in the Principality of Montenegro as the fourth child (second son) of Petar Karađorđević (son of Prince Alexander of Serbia who thirty years earlier in 1858 was forced to abdicate and surrender power in Serbia to the rival House of Obrenović) and Princess Zorka of Montenegro (eldest daughter of Prince Nicholas of Montenegro). Despite enjoying support from the Russian Empire, at the time of Alexander's birth and early childhood, the House of Karađorđević was in political exile, with different family members scattered all over Europe, unable to return to Serbia, which had recently been transformed from a principality into a kingdom under the Obrenovićes, who ruled with strong support from Austria-Hungary. The antagonism between the two rival royal houses was such that after the assassination of Prince Mihailo Obrenović in 1868 (an event Karađorđevićes were suspected of taking part in), the Obrenovićes resorted to making constitutional changes, specifically proclaiming the Karađorđevićes banned from entering Serbia and stripping them of their civic rights.