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    Numismatics

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    • Numismatists

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    • Ancient currencies

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    • Banknotes

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    • Numismatic catalogs

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    • Coins

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    • Currency lists

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    • Early Modern currencies

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    • Exonumia

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    • History of British coinage

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    • History of money

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    • Medieval currencies

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    • Mint-made errors

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    • Numismatic museums

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    • National numismatic collections

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    • Numismatic associations

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    • Numismatics journals

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    • Postal orders

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    • Production of coins

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    • Recipients of the Medal of the Royal Numismatic Society

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    • Coin retailers

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    • Numismatic terminology

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    • List of numismatists


    • Numismatics

    • Numismatics is the study or collection of currency, including coins, tokens, paper money, and related objects. While numismatists are often characterized as students or collectors of coins, the discipline also includes the broader study of money and other payment media used to resolve debts and the exchange of goods. E ... Read »


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    • 1946-S copper cent die clash


    • Ajuran currency

    • Ajuran currency was an old coinage system minted in the Ajuran Sultanate. The polity was a Somali Muslim kingdom that ruled over large parts of the Horn of Africa during the Middle Ages. The Ajuran Sultanate maintained an active commercial network with other contemporaneous polities in the Arabian peninsula, Near East ... Read »


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    • American Arts Commemorative Series medallions

    • American Arts Commemorative Series medallions are a series of ten gold bullion medallions that were produced by the United States Mint from 1980 to 1984. They were sold to compete with the South African Krugerrand and other bullion coins. The series was proposed by North Carolina senator Jesse Helms after the United S ... Read »


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    • Bank of New York Hoard

    • The Bank of New York Hoard is the name given to identify a treasure trove of several thousand Fugio Cents that were discovered at the bank. Sometime in 1788, a keg of Fugio cents were acquired by the bank and stored in the basement. The coins were forgotten about until they were rediscovered in 1856, this time at the b ... Read »


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    • Bar Kochba Revolt coinage

    • Bar Kochba Revolt coinage were coins issued by the Jews during the Bar Kochba revolt against the Roman Empire of 132-135 AD. During the Revolt, large quantities of coins were issued in silver and copper with rebellious inscriptions, all being overstruck over foreign (mostly Roman) coins, when a file was used to remove ... Read »


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    • Konrad Bethmann

    • Konrad Bethmann or Conrad Bethmann (1652–1701) was a German administrator and entrepreneur serving secular and ecclesiastical authorities. He was born in Goslar as the seventh child of the merchant Andreas Bethmann, four years after the Peace of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years' War. Much of Germany then was ... Read »


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    • William Henry James Blakemore

    • William Henry James Blakemore (1871, in West Midlands Birmingham, England – 1945) was an English engraver, and medallist at the Royal Mint London. Signature: WHJB William Blakemore was born 1871 in Warwickshire West Midlands Birmingham, England in June 1871. Ten years later he lived with his parents James Blakemo ... Read »


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    • Bon (currency)

    • The bon (French Canadian, Polish) was a type of paper currency issued by merchants to meet the need for small change. Bon is an abbreviation for bon pour (French for "good for"). These notes were in wide use in the early part of the 19th century. They were sometimes referred to as "shin plasters" by English Canadians. ... Read »


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    • William Leslie Bowles

    • William Leslie Bowles (26 February 1885 at Leichhardt, Sydney, Australia – 21 February 1954 at Frankston, Victoria) was an Australian sculptor and medallist. He started at Kangaroo Point State School, Brisbane. After studying at the Brisbane Technical College Leslie-Bowles won 1910 a scholarship for studies i ... Read »


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    • British Museum Department of Coins and Medals

    • The British Museum Department of Coins and Medals is a department of the British Museum involving the collection, research and exhibition of numismatics, and comprising the largest library of numismatic artefacts in the United Kingdom, including almost one million coins, medals, tokens and other related objects. The co ... Read »


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    • British Numismatic Society

    • The British Numismatic Society (BNS) is an organisation for promoting and realization of the study of British coins and medals. It was founded in 1903. Its principal publication is the British Numismatic Journal, (published from 1903) commonly abbreviated to "BNJ" in academic references. The BNS publishes the sepa ... Read »


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    • Byron Reed Collection

    • The Byron Reed Collection features rare books, manuscripts, autographs and coins that are located at the Durham Museum in Omaha, Nebraska, United States. According to experts, "Byron Reed was one of the greatest collectors of the 19th century," with a reputation as a numismatist that is "largely unrecognized." Reed beg ... Read »


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    • Byzantine coinage

    • Byzantine currency, money used in the Eastern Roman Empire after the fall of the West, consisted of mainly two types of coins: the gold solidus and a variety of clearly valued bronze coins. By the end of the empire the currency was issued only in silver stavrata and minor copper coins with no gold issue. Early Byz ... Read »


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    • California gold coinage

    • California gold coinage was produced from the early 1850s until 1882. In the early period, from roughly 1852 through 1856, the coins were made for actual use due to a lack of familiar small denomination currency in the California gold fields. This shortage eased around 1856 and the gold coins made in the later period a ... Read »


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    • Cast coinage

    • Cast coinage refers to coins made by pouring melted metal into a mold, i.e. casting. It has been used for regular coins, particularly in the Far East, but also on a smaller scale. (e.g.: the ancient Mediterranean world.) The method differs from the current mode of coin production, which is done by striking coin blanks ... Read »


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    • Castaing machine

    • The Castaing machine is a device used to add lettering and decoration to the edge of a coin. Such lettering was necessitated by counterfeiting and edge clipping, which was a common problem resulting from the uneven and irregular hammered coinage. When Aubin Olivier introduced milled coinage to France, he also developed ... Read »


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    • Jean Castaing

    • Jean Castaing (fl. 1685–1700) was a French engineer and inventor of the Castaing machine, a device used to add edge lettering to coins. Though edge lettering had existed for over a century, the earliest methods were costly and time-consuming. In 1649, Peter Blondeau introduced a new method at the Royal Mint i ... Read »


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    • Castine Hoard

    • Castine Hoard

      The Castine Hoard (also known as The Castine Deposit) is the name given to a treasure trove of 500–2,000 North American colonial coins that were found in Castine, Maine. The coins were from various countries, and were buried sometime in the late 1600s. In the early 1840s the coins were discovered on a farm owned b ... Read »


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    • Centenionalis

    • The bronze centenionalis coins were the attempts of Constans and Constantius II to reintroduce a large bronze coin between 320 and 340 AD, as the follis had by then shrunk dramatically. The type of coin it was is uncertain, but numismatists have categorized large bronze coins of the above date under this denominatio ... Read »


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    • Charlotte Medal

    • The Charlotte Medal is a silver medallion 74 millimetres (2.9 in) wide, depicting the voyage of the Charlotte, with the First Fleet, to Botany Bay, Australia. Its obverse depicts a scene of the ship and its reverse is inscribed with a description of the journey. The medal is said to be the first work of Australian c ... Read »


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    • Charlton Press

    • The Charlton Press, a book publishing company, produces price guides and other books on collectables, including coins, banknotes, medals, sports cards, clocks, dolls and porcelain figures. The company's first title was Catalogue of Canadian Coins, Tokens & Fractional Currency, published in 1952 and contained all coins ... Read »


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    • History of Chatham Islands numismatics

    • In 1999 a private organization, the Chatham Islands Note Corporation, issued banknotes to celebrate the Chatham Islands being the first land to enter the third millennium. Banknotes such as these cannot be declared legal tender, there is no obligation for anyone to accept the notes issued by the Chatham Island Note Cor ... Read »


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    • Cheque

    • A cheque (or check in American English) is a document that orders a bank to pay a specific amount of money from a person's account to the person in whose name the cheque has been issued. The person writing the cheque, the drawer, has a transaction banking account (often called a current, cheque, chequing or checking ac ... Read »


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    • Coin roll hunting

    • Coin roll hunting (often abbreviated "CRH") is the hobby of searching and sorting coinage pulled from circulation for collectible coins. This is achieved through obtaining rolled coin, boxed coin, or bagged coin from banks and credit unions. In the United States, coin roll hunters obtain rolls of cents, nickels, d ... Read »


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    • Coin tray

    • A coin tray is a container, used to receive various small items such as coins, keys or transport tickets from trouser pockets. For example, when getting undressed before going to bed. There are coin trays in ceramic, leather, metal, textile or wood. The edges may be more or less flat. Some coin trays are specialized ... Read »


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    • Coin weights

    • Coin weights are weights which were designed to weigh coins in order to assure their quality. The usage of coin weights, especially glass ones, goes back to Ptolemaic and Byzantine times. Coin weights were also known in Ancient China. In Islamic civilization, where they are called Sanadjāt, coin weights are said t ... Read »


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    • Coin wrapper

    • A coin wrapper, sometimes known as a bank roll or roll, is a paper or plastic container for a number of coins. In the United States, empty rolls are available free at most banks in every denomination (though it is becoming increasingly difficult for half dollar and dollar to be readily made available). The rolls come ... Read »


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    • Coinage of Asia

    • The earliest coinage of Asia is also the oldest coinage of the world. Coins were invented several times independently of each other. The earliest coins from the Mediterranean region are from the kingdom of Lydia, and are now dated ca. 600 BCE. The dating of the earliest coins of China and India is difficult and the sub ... Read »


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    • Coins in the Bible

    • A number of coins are mentioned in the Bible, and they have proved very popular among coin collectors. Specific coins mentioned in the Bible include the widow's mite, the tribute penny and the thirty pieces of silver, though it is not always possible to identify the exact coin that was used. The coin referred to ... Read »


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    • Coins of Alexander Jannaeus

    • Alexander Jannaeus was a Hasmonean ruler, and also the third Hasmonean to mint coins, preceded by Hyrcanus I and Aristobulus. Jannaeus minted the largest and most broadest selection of Hasmonean Coinage. Jannaeus minted half-prutot and whole prutot. The main type of prutah minted by Jananeus was similar to that of Ari ... Read »


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    • Coins of British America

    • The coins of British America were issued in 1688 and in between 1722 and 1724. These coins are extremely sought after by those collecting coins of the British Empire and the Commonwealth. This coin depicts King James II of England on a horse on the obverse, and crowned shields on the reverse. This very historic issue ... Read »


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    • Coins of Lundy

    • The coins of Lundy are two unofficial issues of currency from the island of Lundy, in the Bristol Channel off the west coast of England. In 1969 Jack Hayward, a British millionaire, purchased the island for £150,000 and gave it to the British people. The first issue was issued in 1929 by the self-declared 'King ... Read »


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    • Colnect

    • Colnect Collectors Club Community

      Colnect Collectors Club Community, is a website containing -like collectables catalogs. It allows collectors to manage their personal collection using these catalogs and automatically match their swap/wish-lists with those of other collectors. Colnect's phone cards catalog is the biggest in the world. Colnect was ... Read »


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    • Commonwealth banknote-issuing institutions

    • Commonwealth banknote-issuing institutions also British Empire Paper Currency Issuers comprises a list of public, private, state-owned banks and other government bodies and Currency Boards who issued legal tender: banknotes. ... Read »


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    • Constantinian bronzes

    • The Constantinian bronzes were a series of bronze coins introduced in the Roman Empire in the middle of the 4th century. The specific denominations are unclear and debated by historians and numismatists. They are referred to as AE1, AE2, AE3 and AE4, with the former being the largest (near 27 mm) and the latter the ... Read »


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    • Counterfeit Coin Bulletin

    • The Counterfeit Coin Bulletin was a publication of the American Numismatic Association, released three times a year to help battle counterfeiting of collector coins. Issued on a subscription basis, the bulletin was produced in conjunction with the International Association of Professional Numismatists (IAPN), which ope ... Read »


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    • Counterfeit money

    • Counterfeit money is imitation currency produced without the legal sanction of the state or government. Producing or using counterfeit money is a form of fraud or forgery. Counterfeiting is almost as old as money itself. Plated copies (known as Fourrées) have been found of Lydian coins which are thought to be among ... Read »


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    • Crown gold

    • Crown gold is a 22 karat (kt) gold alloy, crown coin, introduced in England in 1526 (by Henry VIII) to replace the earlier gold sovereign coins which were made from the softer 23 kt gold and which thereby had invited both deliberate filing and also non-intentional wear. The 22 kt standard has been used for British gold ... Read »


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    • Crusader coins

    • The Crusader states, also known as Outremer, were a number of mostly 12th- and 13th-century feudal Christian states created by Western European crusaders in Asia Minor, Greece and the Holy Land, and during the Northern Crusades in the eastern Baltic area. The name also refers to other territorial gains (often small and ... Read »


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    • Currency Act 1982

    • Currency Act 1982

      The Currency Act 1982 (c 3) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Following Decimal Day in 1971, when the British monetary system changed from pound/shilling/penny to the metric £1 = 100p system, the new currency was known as the "new pound" and therefore the "new pence". By 1982, the use of "new p ... Read »


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    • Currency bill tracking

    • Currency bill tracking is the process (usually facilitated by any one of a number of websites set up for the purpose) of tracking the movements of banknotes, similar to how ornithologists track migrations of birds by ringing them. Currency bill tracking sites can track currency among the users of that website. A user m ... Read »


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    • Eugene Daub

    • Eugene Daub (born November 13, 1942) is an American contemporary figure sculptor, best known for his portraits and figurative monument sculpture created in the classic heroic style. His sculptures reside in three of the nation's state capitals and in the National Statuary Hall in the United States Capitol. His work app ... Read »


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    • David Lawrence Rare Coins

    • David Lawrence Rare Coins

      David Lawrence Rare Coins (DLRC) is a privately held retail company in the United States, selling rare coins and currencies. It is based in Virginia Beach, Virginia with 14 employees. The company was founded in 1979 by David Lawrence Feigenbaum, a collector of U.S. coins since childhood. His son, John Feigenbaum, took ... Read »


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    • Teresa de Francisci

    • Teresa Cafarelli de Francisci (May 4, 1898 – October 20, 1990) is best known as the model for the depiction of Liberty on the obverse of the Peace Dollar and as the wife of artist Anthony de Francisci. De Francisci was born Mary Teresa Cafarelli in a town south of Naples, Italy. When she was four years old, s ... Read »


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    • John Francis William, 6th Count de Salis-Soglio

    • John Francis William de Salis, 6th Count de Salis (*Neuchatel 25 August 1825 – †Hillingdon 7 August 1871) was a British diplomat, and coin connoisseur. He was the eldest son of Count Peter John de Salis by his second wife Cecile Henrietta Marguerite, daughter of David Bourgeoise of Neuchâtel. After some ... Read »


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    • Decimal Day

    • On 15 February 1971, known as Decimal Day, the United Kingdom and Ireland decimalised their currencies. Under the old currency of pounds, shillings and pence, the pound was made up of 240 pence (denoted by the letter d for Latin denarius and now referred to as "old pence"), with 12 pence in a shilling and 20 shillings ... Read »


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    • Banknotes of Demerary and Essequibo

    • Banknotes of Demerary and Essequibo, issued from 1809 through 1839 were dual-denominated in Guilders and Joes, a term used by the British colonists to refer to the Portuguese gold Johannes coin and the notes that eventually replaced them. Despite roughly 30 years of use, the only Joes known to exist are unissued remain ... Read »


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    • Denarius

    • In the Roman currency system, the dēnārius ( pronunciation: /deː.ˈnaː.rɪ.ʊs/) ; plural: dēnāriÄ« (pronunciation: /deː.ˈnaː.rɪ.iː/) was a small silver coin first minted about 211 BC during the Second Punic War. It became the most common coin produced for circulation but was ... Read »


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    • Denomination (currency)

    • Denomination is a proper description of a currency amount, usually for coins or banknotes. Denominations may also be used with other means of payment like gift cards. For example, five euros is the denomination of a five euro note. In a currency, there is usually a main unit (base), and a subunit that is a fraction ... Read »


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    • Die-deterioration doubling

    • Die deterioration doubling (DDD) is an extremely common form of mint-made error on many United States and Canadian coins that results from degradation of the die used to strike the coin. Due to a combination of improper preparation and treatment of the dies, excessive wear, and overuse, die deterioration doubling has ... Read »


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    • Dollar

    • Dollar (often represented by the dollar sign $) is the name of more than twenty currencies, including (ordered by population) those of the United States, Canada, Australia, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, New Zealand, Liberia, Jamaica and Namibia. The U.S. dollar is the official currency of East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvad ... Read »


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    • Dollar sign

    • Dollar sign

      ₳ ​ ฿ ​ ₵ ​¢ ​₡ ​₢ ​ $ ​₫ ​₯ ​֏ ​ ₠ ​€ ​ ƒ ​₣ ​ ₲ ​ ₴ ​ ₭ ​ ₺ ​₾ ​ ℳ ​₥ ​ ₦ ​ ₧ ​₱ ​₰ ... Read »


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    • DoshTracker

    • DoshTracker

      DoshTracker is a currency bill tracking website that allows pound sterling banknotes to be tracked around the United Kingdom and abroad. Originally launched in 2001, it was relaunched in 2012. Dosh is a British slang term for money. The concept of the website is based on Where's George?, which follows American cu ... Read »


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    • Drapier's Letters


    • Ducat

    • The ducat /ˈdʌkət/ was a gold or silver coin used as a trade coin in Europe from the later medieval centuries until as late as the 20th century. Many types of ducats had various metallic content and purchasing power throughout the period. The gold ducat of Venice gained wide international acceptance, like the ... Read »


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    • Dupondius

    • IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI / S C ref.: RIC 586 FAVSTINAE AVG PII AVG FIL PVDICITIA; S C (below) ref.: RIC 1404(b) IMP CAES M DID IVLIANVS AVG P M TR P COS / S C ref.: RIC 12. The dupondius (Latin two-pounder) was a brass coin used during the Roman Empire and Rom ... Read »


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    • Editions Victor Gadoury

    • The Editions Victor Gadoury is a Monaco publishing company specialized in numismatics and selling coin catalogs. The Editions Victor Gadoury was founded in Baden-Baden in 1972. Victor Gadoury was a member of a division within the Canadian Army that was stationed in Germany. After his discharge he decided to remain in ... Read »


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    • Elymais

    • Elymais

      Elymais or Elamais (Ἐλυμαΐς, Hellenic form of the more ancient name, Elam) was a semi-independent state of the 2nd century BC to the early 3rd century AD, frequently a vassal under Parthian control, and located at the head of the Persian Gulf in the present-day region of Khuzestan, Iran (Susiana) ... Read »


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    • Essai (coin)

    • Essai is an alternative term for a pattern coin. Essai is found on coins of France and of many other French-speaking countries. 'Essai' is also inscribed on the pattern coins of Namibia along with the word 'Probe'. ... Read »


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    • EuroBillTracker

    • EuroBillTracker

      EuroBillTracker (EBT) is a website designed for tracking euro banknotes. It was inspired by the US currency tracking website Where's George?. The aim is to record as many notes as possible to know details about their distribution and movements, follow it up, like where a note has been seen in particular, and generate s ... Read »


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    • European Payments Council

    • The European Payments Council (EPC) was founded in 2002. It calls itself "the decision-making and coordination body of the European banking industry in relation to payments". The main task of the EPC is the development of the Single Euro Payment Area. The 74 members are banks and banking associations. ... Read »


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    • Fals

    • The fals (plural fulus) was a medieval copper coin first produced by the Umayyad caliphate (661-750) beginning in the late 7th century. The name is a corruption of follis, a Roman and later Byzantine copper coin. The fals usually featured ornate Arabic script on both sides. Various copper fals were produced until the 1 ... Read »


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    • Falus

    • The falus was a bronze/copper currency of Morocco. Minted between 1672–1901, denominations of ¼, ½, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 falus are recorded in the Standard Catalogue. They are typically denominated by size rather than by inscription, and can be difficult to identify precisely. From 1862, the falus was all ... Read »


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    • Farran Zerbe Memorial Award

    • The Farran Zerbe Memorial Award is the highest honor conferred by the American Numismatic Association. The award is named after Farran Zerbe, a one-time president of the American Numismatic Association. It is given in recognition of numerous years of outstanding, dedicated service to numismatics. The criteria for the n ... Read »


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    • Fiat money

    • Fiat money is a currency established as money by government regulation or law. The term derives from the Latin ("let it become", "it will become") used in the sense of an order or decree. It differs from commodity money and representative money. Commodity money is created from a good, often a precious metal such as go ... Read »


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    • FIDEM

    • The International Art Medal Federation, or Fédération Internationale de la Médaille d'Art (FIDEM) is a professional international society dedicated to the practice, appreciation, and promotion of the fine art of the art medal (medallion) around the world. It is the foremost society for an artist creating medal ... Read »


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    • Fifty øre (Danish coin)


    • First Jewish Revolt coinage

    • First Jewish Revolt coinage was issued by the Jews after the Zealots captured Jerusalem and the Jewish Temple from the Romans in 66 AD at the beginning of the First Jewish Revolt. The Jewish leaders of the revolt minted their own coins to emphasize their newly obtained independence from Rome. In the Revolt's first yea ... Read »


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    • First Strike Coins

    • Although the U.S. Mint maintains that there is no widely accepted and standardized numismatic industry definition of "first strike" coins, First Strike coins definitely exist in the coin industry. Still, they are recent developments, having been first promoted in 2005. The most frequently promoted First Strike coins ar ... Read »


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    • Follis

    • The follis (plural folles; Italian: follaro, Arabic: fels‎‎) was a type of coin in the Roman and Byzantine traditions. The Roman follis was a large bronze coin introduced in about 294 (actual name of this coin is unknown ) with the coinage reform of Diocletian. It weighed about 10 grams and was about ... Read »


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    • William Gardner (English coin designer)

    • William Maving Gardner (25 May 1914 in Newcastle – 28 December 2000) was an English coin designer, engraver, calligrapher and writer who worked regularly for the Royal Mint over a 30-year period. He is notable for designing coins such as the British 20 Pence Coin and some of the coins of Cyprus, New Zealand, Jorda ... Read »


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    • Geocoin

    • A geocoin is a metal or wooden coin minted in similar fashion to a medallion, token coin, military challenge coin or wooden nickel, for use in geocaching. The first geocoins were developed by Jon Stanley (aka moun10bike) as a signature item to be placed in caches. Many of them are made to be trackable on various websi ... Read »


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    • Glossary of notaphily

    • This page is a glossary of notaphily. Notaphily is the study of paper money or banknotes. ... Read »


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    • Glossary of numismatics

    • This article is a collection of Numismatic and coin collecting terms with concise explanation for the beginner or professional. Numismatics (ancient Greek: νομισματική) is the scientific study of money and its history in all its varied forms. While numismatists are often characterized ... Read »


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    • Gold Ashrafi

    • Ashrafi (Persian: اشرفی ) was gold coin issued by Muslim dynasties in the Middle East, Central Asia and South Asia. It was equivalent to 2 Mohurs. ... Read »


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    • Gold medal

    • A gold medal is a medal awarded for highest achievement in a non-military field. Its name derives from the use of at least a fraction of gold in form of plating or alloying in its manufacture. Since the eighteenth century, gold medals have been awarded in the arts, for example, by the Royal Danish Academy, usually as ... Read »


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    • Abraham Gorlaeus

    • Abraham van Goorle or, Latinized, Abraham Gorlaeus (ca. 1549 – 1608) was a Dutch antiquary of Flemish origin. Gorlaeus was born in Antwerp as the son of Jacob Godevaertsz van Ghoorle and Willemken Heijmolen, but fled as a teenager with his brother David to the Dutch Republic. He lived in Utrecht and already in 15 ... Read »


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    • Gros (coinage)

    • A gros was a type of silver coinage of France from the time of Saint Louis. There were gros tournois and gros parisis. The gros was sub-divided in half gros and quarter gros. The original gros created by St Louis weighed about 4.52 g of nearly pure silver, and was valued at one sou, that is 12 deniers or 1/20 of a livr ... Read »


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    • Guldengroschen

    • The Guldengroschen was a large silver coin originally minted in Tirol in 1486. The Guldengroschen's name comes from the fact that it has an equivalent denomination value in silver relative to that of the goldgulden (60 kreuzer). In the latter years of the 1470s and early years of the 1480s Sigismund of Austria issued ... Read »


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    • Horst Hahne

    • Horst Hahne PSM (born 1940 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany), is an Australian sculptor, medallist and designer. Signature: "HH" He started school after WW2, and got his school certificate in 1955. He began his apprenticeship in typographic art & hand engraving in the same year at Ludwig & Mayer, an old established Germa ... Read »


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    • Hammered coinage

    • Hammered coinage is the most common form of coins produced since the invention of coins in the first millennium BC until the early modern period of ca. the 15th–17th centuries, contrasting to the very rare cast coinage and the later developed milled coinage. Hammered coins were produced by placing a blank pie ... Read »


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    • Heller (money)

    • The Heller or  Häller , originally a German coin valued at half a pfennig, took its name from the city of Hall am Kocher (today Schwäbisch Hall). Mints produced the coin from the beginning of the 13th century, based on a previously produced silver pfennig (Häller Pfennig, sometimes called Händelhelle ... Read »


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    • Heritage Auctions

    • Heritage Auctions is an auction house established in 1976 in Dallas, Texas. Heritage is the largest collectibles auctioneer in the world. Heritage Auctions is a privately owned company, with headquarters in Dallas, Texas and offices in New York City, Beverly Hills, San Francisco, Chicago, Palm Beach, and Houston, ... Read »


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    • Herodian coinage

    • Herodian coinage are coins minted and issued by the Herodian Dynasty, Jews of Idumean descent who ruled the province of Judaea between 37 BC–92 AD. The dynasty was founded by Herod the Great who was the son of Antipater, a powerful official under the Hasmonean King Hyrcanus II. The coinage of Herod the Great ... Read »


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    • Historical money of Tibet

    • The use of historical money in Tibet started in ancient times, when Tibet had no coined currency of its own. Bartering was common, gold was a medium of exchange, and shell money and stone beads were used for very small purchases. A few coins from other countries were also occasionally in use. Coins were first used in ... Read »


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    • History of coins in Italy

    • Italy has a long history of different coinage types, which spans thousands of years. Italy has been influential at a coinage point of view: the florin, one of the most used coinage types in European history, was struck in Florence in the 13th century. Since Italy has been for centuries divided into many city-states, th ... Read »


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    • History of money

    • The history of money concerns ^^ the development of means of carrying out transactions involving a medium of exchange. Money is any clearly identifiable object of value that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts within a market or which is legal tender within a country. Many th ... Read »


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    • Horse brass

    • A horse brass is a brass plaque used for the decoration of horse harness gear, especially for shire and parade horses. They became especially popular in England from the mid-19th century until their general decline alongside the use of the draft horse, and remain a collectors item today. Phalera is the archaeological ... Read »


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    • Indian rupee sign

    • Indian rupee sign

      ₳ ​ ฿ ​ ₵ ​¢ ​₡ ​₢ ​ $ ​₫ ​₯ ​֏ ​ ₠ ​€ ​ ƒ ​₣ ​ ₲ ​ ₴ ​ ₭ ​ ₺ ​₾ ​ ℳ ​₥ ​ ₦ ​ ₧ ​₱ ​₰ ... Read »


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    • International Numismata Orientalia

    • The International Numismata Orientalia was an important series of publications relating to numismatics of the Middle East and South Asia, with articles contributed by specialist numismatists, published by Messrs Trübner & Co., London, in the late nineteenth century. The inspiration for the series was the Numism ... Read »


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    • International Numismatic Congress

    • The International Numismatic Congress (INC) is the largest international conference for numismatists. It is organised every six years by the International Numismatic Council. Since the 7th INC in Copenhagen, the conference has also marked the launch of the Survey of Numismatic Literature, in which specialist numismatis ... Read »


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    • International Numismatic Council

    • The International Numismatic Council (INC) is the international co-ordinating body set up to aid cooperation between numismatists and institutions within the field of numismatics, or related areas. The body was founded in 1934 as the International Numismatic Commission, and became the International Numismatic Council ... Read »


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    • Intrinsic value (numismatics)

    • In commodity money, intrinsic value can be partially or entirely due to the desirable features of the object as a medium of exchange and a store of value. Examples of such features include divisibility; easily and securely storable and transportable; scarcity; and difficulty to counterfeit. When objects come to be used ... Read »


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    • Judaea Capta coinage

    • Judaea Capta coins (also spelled Judea Capta) were a series of commemorative coins originally issued by the Roman Emperor Vespasian to celebrate the capture of Judaea and the destruction of the Jewish Second Temple by his son Titus in 70 AD during the First Jewish Revolt. There are several variants of the coinage. The ... Read »


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    • Kengis

    • Coordinates: 67°11′00″N 23°30′00″E / 67.18333°N 23.50000°E / 67.18333; 23.50000 Kengis is a small rural community in Pajala Municipality in northernmost Sweden, located very near the Finnish border. In 1644, two Swedish noblemen, later called Renstierna ("Reindeer star ... Read »


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    • Key date

    • In coin collecting, a key date refers to a date (or date and mint mark combination) of a given coin series or set that is harder to obtain than other dates in the series. The next level of difficult to obtain coins in series are often referred to as semi-key dates or simply semi-keys. For example, the 1909-S VDB is th ... Read »


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    • Klippe (coin)

    • A klippe is a square coin minted on more easily produced square flans either using round or square dies. These coins were originally issued under unfavourable conditions, such as a city under siege. Such emergency coinage were issued in Vienna in 1529, while the city was besieged by the troops of the Ottoman Empire. Ho ... Read »


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    • Krause Publications

    • Krause Publications is a publisher of leisure-time and enthusiast magazines and books located in in Iola, Wisconsin. They are best known for its Standard Catalog of World Coins, a series of numismatic catalogs commonly referred to as Krause-Mishler catalogues or simply Krause catalogues, they provide information, prici ... Read »


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    • Latin Monetary Union

    • The Latin Monetary Union (LMU) was a 19th-century attempt to unify several European currencies into a single currency that could be used in all the member states, at a time when most national currencies were still made out of gold and silver. It was established in 1865 and disbanded in 1927. Many countries minted coins ... Read »


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    • Limping bimetallism

    • Limping bimetallism was a monetary system in the United States that was partially dependent on silver but primarily dependent on gold. It was developed after the abandonment of bimetallism and the adoption of the gold standard in 1873. The Bland–Allison Act of 1878 allowed the coining of new silver dollars, thus c ... Read »


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    • List of £1


    • List of £5


    • List of £10


    • List of buildings and structures illustrated on banknotes

    • These buildings and structures are illustrated on banknotes of the listed countries. ... Read »


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    • List of countries that have used postal orders

    • This is a list of countries that have used postal orders. ... Read »


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    • List of medallists

    • A medallist (British English) or medalist (American English) is an artist who designs medals, plaquettes, badges, coins and similar small works in relief in metal. Art medals are a well-known and highly collected form of small bronze sculpture, most often in bronze, and are considered a form of exonumia. "Medalist/meda ... Read »


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    • List of most expensive coins

    • The following list is a chart of the most expensive coins. Most of these are auction prices. Several private sale prices over $2m are not in this list yet. ... Read »


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    • List of motifs on banknotes

    • This is a list of current motifs on the banknotes of different countries. The customary design of banknotes in most countries is a portrait of a notable citizen on the front (or obverse) and a different motif on the back (or reverse) - often something relating to that person. One exception to this is the euro banknotes ... Read »


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    • List of people on banknotes

    • This is a list of people on the banknotes of different countries. The customary design of banknotes in most countries is a portrait of a notable citizen on the front (or obverse) or on the back (or reverse) of the banknotes, unless the subject is featured on both sides. Currency: Lek (pl. Lekë) (since 1926)Symbol: ... Read »


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    • List of people who have appeared on Australian currency

    • This is a list of people who have appeared on currency issued by Australia since that country introduced its own notes and coins in 1910. Those appearing on the current series are shown in bold. Legend: ... Read »


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    • Litra

    • A litra (plural: litrae; Ancient Greek: λίτρα) is a small silver coin (or unit of measurement for other precious metals) used in the colonies of Ancient Greece in general and in ancient Sicily in particular. As a coin, the litra was similar in value to the obol and weighed one-third of a Roman libra, ... Read »


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    • Lombard coinage

    • The coinage of the Lombards refers to the autonomous productions of coins by the Lombards. It constitutes part of the coinage produced by Germanic peoples occupying the former territory of the Roman Empire during the Migration Period. All known Lombard coinage was produced after their settlement of Italy. The coinage o ... Read »


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    • £sd


    • Gnaeus Lucretius

    • Gnaeus Lucretius Trio was a Roman moneyer, who minted denarii in Rome c. 136 BCE. He may be an ancestor of Lucius Lucretius Trio. One of his denarii shows a head of Roma facing right with "TRIO" behind and an "X" below the chin. The reverse shows the Dioscuri galloping right with "CN. LVCR" below the horses and "ROMA" ... Read »


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    • Lucius Lucretius

    • Lucius Lucretius Trio was a Roman moneyer, who minted two denarii in c. 76 BCE. His coin showing the laureate head of Neptune is in the collections of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. The other has a radiate Sol (sun) on obverse and a crescent moon and seven stars on reverse. The stars are the Septem Triones (Ursa ma ... Read »


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    • Medal of the Royal Numismatic Society

    • The Medal of the Royal Numismatic Society was first awarded in 1883. It is awarded by the Royal Numismatic Society and is one of the highest markers of recognition given to numismatists. The President and Council award the Medal annually to an "individual highly distinguished for services to Numismatic Science". In re ... Read »


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    • Medalist

    • A medalist (American English) or medallist (British English) is an artist who designs medals, plaquettes, badges, coins and similar small works in relief in metal. Somewhat confusingly, "medalist/medallist" is also used in sport and other areas (but not usually in military contexts) for the winner of a medal as an awar ... Read »


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    • Medieval Bulgarian coinage

    • Medieval Bulgarian coinage are the coins minted by the Bulgarian Emperors during the Middle Ages at the time of the Second Bulgarian Empire. There is no evidence that coins were minted during the First Bulgarian Empire, and minting ceased after the fall of the Second Empire with Ottoman domination in 1396 or 1422. The ... Read »


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    • Mill (currency)

    • The mill or mille (₥) (sometimes mil in the UK, when discussing property taxes in the United States, or previously in Cyprus and Malta) is a now-abstract unit of currency used sometimes in accounting. In the United States, it is a notional unit equivalent to  1⁄1000 of a United States dollar (a one-hundr ... Read »


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    • Milled coinage

    • In numismatics, the term milled coinage (also known as machine-struck coinage) is used to describe coins which are produced by some form of machine, rather than by manually hammering coin blanks between two dies (hammered coinage) or casting coins from dies. Until 1550, coinage techniques used in European mints ha ... Read »


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    • Millesimal fineness

    • The fineness of a precious metal refers to the ratio by weight of the primary metal to any added base metals or impurities. Many precious metals are used in the form of alloys. Other metals are added to increase hardness, to make the metal more practical for use in such items as coins and jewelry, or to decrease the co ... Read »


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    • Mintage World

    • Mintage World is a virtual online museum of coins, currency notes and postage stamps. It was launched on April 23, 2016, at coin & philately fair held at the World Trade Center, Mumbai. It is an online platform for learning about ancient coins, notes and stamps and the history of Numismatics, Notaphily and Philately. ... Read »


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    • Mogadishu currency

    • Mogadishu currency was an old coinage system minted by the medieval Sultanate of Mogadishu. In order to facilitate regional trade, the Mogadishu Sultanate began minting its own coins, a move which had the effect of centralizing its commercial hegemony. The currency bears the names of 23 successive Sultans of Mogad ... Read »


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    • The Money Tracker

    • The Money Tracker or www.moneytracker.com.au is a Currency bill tracking site that tracks Australian banknotes as they circulate around Australia. It allows users to enter the serial number of a note to find out where it has travelled, as well as receive future notification if the note is entered by another user. This ... Read »


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    • Moneyer

    • A moneyer is a private individual who is officially permitted to mint money. Usually the rights to coin money are bestowed as a concession by a state or government. Moneyers have a long tradition, dating back at least to ancient Greece. They became most prominent in the Roman Republic, and continued into the Empire. M ... Read »


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    • Münzmeister


    • Nomisma

    • Nomisma (Greek: νόμισμα) was the ancient Greek word for "money" and is derived from nomos (νόμος) "anything assigned, a usage, custom, law, ordinance". In modern Greek, the word nomisma means "currency", It is also a term used by numismatists when referring to the pieces of money or ... Read »


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    • Non-circulating legal tender

    • Non-circulating legal tender (NCLT) refers to coins that are theoretically legal tender and could circulate but do not because their issue price, and/or their melt value at the time of issue is significantly above the arbitrary legal tender value placed thereon. They are sold to collectors and investors with no intenti ... Read »


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    • Nordic gold

    • Nordic Gold is the gold-coloured copper alloy from which the middle three denominations of euro coins, 50 cent, 20 cent, and 10 cent coins are made. It has also been in use for a number of years in other countries, most notably in the Swedish 10-krona coin for which it was originally developed (hence the Swedish name: ... Read »


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    • Notaphily

    • Notaphily is the study and collection of paper currency, and banknotes. A notaphilist is a collector of banknotes or paper money, particularly as a hobby. It is believed that people have been collecting paper money for as long as it has been in use. While people began collecting paper currency more systematically ... Read »


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    • Oat Bin Hoard

    • The Oat Bin Hoard was a treasure trove of United States currency discovered in 1966 in an oat bin in a shed on a farm in a rural area outside of Kansas City, Missouri. The hoard consisted of approximately $40,000 in face value of old large-size currency issued by the Federal government of the United States. The notes w ... Read »


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    • Obol (coin)

    • The obol (Greek: , obolos, also (obelós), (obellós), (odelós). lit. "nail, metal spit";Latin: obolus) was a form of ancient Greek currency and weight. Obols were used from early times. According to Plutarch they were originally spits of copper or bronze traded by weight, while six obols make a drachma o ... Read »


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    • Old Age Pension Order

    • The Old Age Pension Order is the close cousin of the postal order that was issued between 1909 and 2005 in the United Kingdom. They were also issued in the Isle of Man and Northern Ireland, but information about these issues are missing and/or undocumented. The old age pension orders were issued in books to those who ... Read »


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    • Orange Free State pound

    • The Orange Free State pound is an obsolete currency that was in use prior to the end of the Second Boer War. Like the South African Republic pond, it was divided into 20 Shillings or 240 Pence. It was withdrawn in 1902 and replaced by the Orange River Colony pound, which was in turn withdrawn in 1910 and replaced by th ... Read »


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    • Öre


    • Overstrike (numismatics)

    • In Numismatics overstrike refers to the image on a coin which has been coined more than once. Overstriking is done deliberately when the first strike is unsatisfactory, or accidentally if the blank slips out of place or if the dies judder, resulting in a slight doubling of the design. Sometimes old and worn coins were ... Read »


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    • Paper money catalog

    • A paper money catalog or banknote catalog (or catalogue) is a catalog of banknotes and articles related to notable ones. The catalog is an essential tool of collecting as it provides information about the articles that many times cannot be extracted from them directly, such as the amount of banknotes printed. In the 1 ... Read »


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    • Pattern coin

    • A pattern coin is a coin which has not been approved for release, produced for the purpose of evaluating a proposed coin design. They are often off-metal strike, to proof standard or piedforts. They are collected or studied by many coin collectors because of their sometimes highly elaborate designs. The first Engl ... Read »


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    • Pendilia

    • Pendilia (singular pendilium; from Latin pendulus, hanging) or pendoulia (the Greek equivalent), are pendants or dangling ornaments hanging from a piece of metalwork such as a crown, votive crown, crux gemmata, or kamelaukion, and are a feature of Early Medieval goldsmith work. On crosses the pendilia may include the l ... Read »


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    • Penny debate in the United States

    • A debate exists within the United States government, and American society at large, over whether the one-cent coin, commonly called the penny, should be eliminated as a unit of currency in the United States. Two bills introduced in the US Congress would have ceased production of pennies, but neither bill was approved. ... Read »


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    • Philippine peso sign

    • Philippine peso sign

      ₳ ​ ฿ ​ ₵ ​¢ ​₡ ​₢ ​ $ ​₫ ​₯ ​֏ ​ ₠ ​€ ​ ƒ ​₣ ​ ₲ ​ ₴ ​ ₭ ​ ₺ ​₾ ​ ℳ ​₥ ​ ₦ ​ ₧ ​₱ ​₰ ... Read »


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    • Pond (currency)

    • The pond was a currency unit issued in the Orange Free State and the South African Republic. It was prepared for, but not issued, in New Griqualand. The word pond is Afrikaans for the word "pound". In fact, the South African pound banknotes of the South African Reserve Bank have the word "Pond" inscribed, as do the ba ... Read »


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    • Publius Porcius Laeca

    • Publius Porcius Laeca was the name of several Romans in the Republican era, including: P. Porcius Laeca was tribune of the plebs in 199 BC, when he prevented Lucius Manlius Acidinus from entering Rome to celebrate an ovation granted by the senate. As tribune, he proposed the Lex Porcia. In 196, he was one of the tresv ... Read »


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    • Pound sterling

    • Pound sterling

       United Kingdom  Guernsey (local issue: Guernsey pound)  Isle of Man (local issue: Manx pound) The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP [Great Britain Pound]), commonly known as the pound, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South S ... Read »


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    • History of pound sterling in Oceania

    • The pound sterling was the currency of many, but not all parts of the British Empire. This article looks at the history of the pound sterling in the Australia, New Zealand, and Pacific region. The British victory at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 heralded the beginning of a new world order in which Britain would b ... Read »


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    • Pound sterling in the South Atlantic and the Antarctic

    • The United Kingdom possesses a number of islands in the South Atlantic Ocean as well as a section of the Antarctic continent. These territories are St. Helena with Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, and the British Antarctic Territory. The official ... Read »


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    • Poundage

    • In English law, poundage was an ad valorem customs duty imposed on imports and exports at the rate of 1 shilling for every pound of goods imported or exported. The levy was introduced in 1347 and continued for many years at the same rate until after the Restoration from when Parliament set the rates according to curre ... Read »


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    • Presidential Inaugural Medals

    • Presidential Inaugural Medals have a long history in the United States. The tradition can be traced back to the first president, George Washington, and continues on today with President Donald Trump. Samuel Brooks created the first presidential medal for President George Washington—the medal produce had a crude p ... Read »


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    • Prutah

    • Prutah (Hebrew: פרוטה) is a word borrowed from the Mishnah and the Talmud, in which it means "a coin of smaller value". The word was probably derived originally from an Aramaic word with the same meaning. The prutah was an ancient copper Jewish coin worth about one thousandth of a pound. A loaf of bread ... Read »


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    • Pysa

    • The Pysa was a Zanzibari coin that was struck in AH1299 (1882) and AH1304 (1887). The obverses of these coins have a pair of scales. The name 'Pysa' is derived from the currency units 'Pice' and 'Paisa'. The AH1299 1 Pysa often turns up in old coin collections, but the AH1304 coin very seldom turns up. The AH1299 coin ... Read »


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    • Quadrigatus

    • The quadrigatus was a medium-sized silver coin produced by the Roman Republic during the 3rd century BC. The obverse featured a young bust and the reverse featured Victory driving a quadriga (four-horse chariot), giving the coin its name, with the inscription "ROMA" below. The coin weighed about 6.8 grams (6 scruples ... Read »


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    • Quasi Universal Intergalactic Denomination

    • Quasi Universal Intergalactic Denomination

      The Quasi Universal Intergalactic Denomination (QUID) is a proposed "space currency" created as a viral marketing campaign launched by Travelex with the London-based public relations and advertising firm, talkPR. The full name is a backronym from 'quid', a slang term for the British Pound. The campaign stated that Trav ... Read »


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    • Quinarius

    • The quinarius was a small silver Roman coin valued at half a denarius. The quinarius was struck for a few years, along with the silver sestertius, following the introduction of the denarius in 211 BC. At this time the quinarius was valued at 5 asses. The coin was reintroduced in 101 BC as a replacement for the victori ... Read »


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    • Railway pay cheques

    • Railway Pay Cheques were metallic tokens or tallies used to ensure appropriate payment to the correctly identified railway employee. The one-sided identification cheques were usually drawn from the wages office on a Thursday, prior to the Friday payday. The cheques would then be exchanged for a pay slip, and the w ... Read »


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    • Rappen

    • A Rappen (pl. Rappen) originally was a variant of the medieval Pfennig ("penny") common to the Alemannic German regions Alsace, Sundgau and Northern Switzerland. As with other German pennies, its half-piece was a Haller, the smallest piece which was struck. Today, one-hundredth of a Swiss franc is still officially cal ... Read »


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    • Redenomination

    • Redenomination is the process of changing the face value of banknotes or coins used in circulating currency. It may be done because inflation has made the currency unit so small that only large denominations of the currency are circulated. In such cases the name of the currency may change or the original name may be us ... Read »


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    • Reeding

    • Reeding is a technique wherein "reeds" are carved or milled into a surface. In numismatics, reeded edges are often referred to as "ridged" or "grooved" (US usage), or "milled" (UK usage). Some coins, such as United States quarters and dimes, 1 euro, Australian 5, 10, 20 cents, 1 and 2 dollars, as well many other c ... Read »


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    • Remainder banknote

    • A remainder banknote is a banknote that has been prepared for issue, but not issued for one reason or another, such as the failure of the banknote issuer, or the merging of one banknote issuer into another. ... Read »


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    • Reproduction of Croatian currency

    • The reproduction of Croatian currency is regulated by the Croatian National Bank. The Bank issued an act regarding this matter on February 28, 2002. The decisions most relevant to reproductions of Croatian banknotes are listed in Article 10, titled Reproduction, which states the following: The title of the docume ... Read »


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    • The Revised Standard Reference Guide to Indian Paper Money

    • The Revised Standard Reference Guide to Indian Paper Money

      The Revised Standard Reference Guide to Indian Paper Money is a 2012 book by Rezwan Razack and Kishore Jhunjhunwalla. The book is a comprehensive compilation of facts, milestones, and other details regarding paper money in India. It was published in India by Coins & Currencies. Kishore Jhunjhunwalla and Rezwan Razack a ... Read »


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    • Roman currency

    • Roman currency for most of Roman history consisted of gold, silver, bronze, orichalcum and copper coinage. (See: Roman metallurgy) From its introduction to the Republic, during the third century BC, well into Imperial times, Roman currency saw many changes in form, denomination, and composition. A persistent feature wa ... Read »


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    • Roman Procurator coinage

    • Roman Procurator coinage were coins issued by the Roman Procurators and Prefects of the province of Judea between 6 - 66 AD. They minted only one denomination and size, the bronze prutah. Not all of the Procurators issued coinage. Those that did were Coponius, Marcus Ambivulus, Valerius Gratus, Pontius Pilate, Antoniu ... Read »


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    • Royal Canadian Mint tokens and medallions

    • Starting in 1997, the Royal Canadian Mint started to sell hockey medallions to the public. To commemorate the induction of Mario Lemieux in the Hockey Hall of Fame, a set was issued honouring all three inductees. One set was issued in Sterling Silver while another was issued in Nickel. The success of the release led to ... Read »


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    • Ruble

    • The ruble or rouble (/ˈruːbəl/; Russian: рубль; IPA: [rublʲ]) is or was a currency unit of a number of countries in Eastern Europe closely associated with the economy of Russia. Originally, the ruble was the currency unit of Imperial Russia, and it is currently the currency unit of Belarus ... Read »


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    • Ruble sign

    • Ruble sign

      ₳ ​ ฿ ​ ₵ ​¢ ​₡ ​₢ ​ $ ​₫ ​₯ ​֏ ​ ₠ ​€ ​ ƒ ​₣ ​ ₲ ​ ₴ ​ ₭ ​ ₺ ​₾ ​ ℳ ​₥ ​ ₦ ​ ₧ ​₱ ​₰ ... Read »


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    • Saddle Ridge Hoard

    • Saddle Ridge Hoard

      The Saddle Ridge Hoard is the name given to identify a treasure trove of 1,427 gold coins unearthed in the Gold Country of the Sierra Nevada, California in 2013. The face value of the coins totaled $27,980, but was assessed to be worth $10 million. In total, the hoard contains $27,460 in twenty-dollar coins, $500 in te ... Read »


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    • Sales tax token

    • Sales tax tokens were fractional cent devices used to pay sales tax on very small purchases in many American states during the years of the Great Depression. Tax tokens were created as a means for consumers to avoid being "overcharged" by having to pay a full penny tax on purchases of 5 or 10 cents. Issued by private f ... Read »


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    • Samir-Shamma-Prize

    • The Samir Shamma Prize for Islamic Numismatics is a bi-annual award for the best book or article in the field of Islamic Numismatics. The Royal Numismatic Society established the prize in 1992 following a legacy from Honorary fellow Samir Shamma. The prize of £2000 is awarded every two years for the book or article ... Read »


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    • Sandur Hoard

    • The Sandur hoard of the Faroe Islands was found in Sandur in 1863 and consists of 98 silver coins, which were probably buried between 1070 and 1080. The hoard is the oldest and only coin hoard found on the archipelago. The coin hoard from Sandur is interesting not only due to the age of the coins, but also due to thei ... Read »


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    • Scandinavian Monetary Union

    • Scandinavian Monetary Union

      The Scandinavian Monetary Union (Danish: Den skandinaviske møntunion, Swedish: Skandinaviska myntunionen, Norwegian: Den skandinaviske myntunion) was a monetary union formed by Denmark and Sweden on 5 May 1873, by fixing their currencies against gold at par to each other. Norway, which was in union with Sweden, howe ... Read »


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    • Sceat

    • A sceat (pl. sceattas) was a small, thick silver coin minted in England, Frisia and Jutland during the Anglo-Saxon period. Its name derives from Old English sceatt, meaning "wealth", "money", and "coin", which has been applied to these coins since the 17th century based on interpretations of the legal codes of Mer ... Read »


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    • Schinderling

    • Schinderling was a popular name for the pfennigs with a sharply decreased content of fine silver from the time around 1457 to 1460, which were in circulation mostly in the region of Inner Austria. The cause of the decrease in silver content were the probate disputes between Emperor Frederick III and the master of ... Read »


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    • Scripophily

    • Scripophily is the study and collection of and bond certificates. A specialized field of numismatics, scripophily is an area of collecting due to both the inherent beauty of some historical documents as well as the interesting historical context of each document. Some stock certificates are excellent examples of engra ... Read »


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    • Seigniorage

    • Seigniorage /ˈseɪnjərɪdʒ/, also spelled seignorage or seigneurage (from Old French seigneuriage "right of the lord (seigneur) to mint money"), is the difference between the value of money and the cost to produce and distribute it. The term can be applied in the following ways: The term also applies to m ... Read »


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    • Semis

    • The semis literally meaning half was a small Roman bronze coin that was valued at half an as. During the Roman Republic, the semis was distinguished by an 'S' (indicating semis) or 6 dots (indicating a theoretical weight of 6 uncia). Some of the coins featured a bust of Saturn on the obverse, and the prow of a ship on ... Read »


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    • Shilling

    • The shilling is a unit of currency formerly used in the United Kingdom, Australia, United States, and other British Commonwealth countries. The word shilling comes from scilling, an accounting term that dates back to Anglo-Saxon times, and from there back to Old Norse, where it means "division". Slang terms for the ol ... Read »


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    • Siliqua

    • The siliqua is the modern name given (without any ancient evidence to confirm the designation) to small, thin, Roman silver coins produced in the 4th century A.D. and later. When the coins were in circulation, the Latin word siliqua was a unit of weight defined as one twenty-fourth of the weight of a Roman solidus. "S ... Read »


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    • Silk Road Numismatics

    • Silk Road Numismatics is a special field within Silk Road studies and within numismatics. It is particularly important because it covers a part of the world where history is not always clear – either because the historical record is incomplete or is contested. For example numismatics has played a central role in d ... Read »


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    • Sixpence (British coin)

    • The sixpence (6d; /ˈsɪkspəns/), sometimes known as a tanner or sixpenny bit, was a coin worth one-fortieth of a pound sterling, or six pence. It was first minted in the reign of Edward VI and circulated until 1980. Following decimalisation in 1971 it had a value of  2 1⁄2 new pence. The coin was m ... Read »


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    • South West African mark


    • South West African pound

    • The South West African pound was issued between the 1930s and 1959 by the Standard Bank of South Africa Limited, Barclays Bank (Dominion, Colonial and Overseas), and Volkskas Limited. These notes circulated along with the South African pound notes of the South African Reserve Bank until 1961, when they were withdrawn a ... Read »


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    • Spink & Son


    • Standard Catalog of World Coins

    • The Standard Catalog of World Coins is a series of numismatic catalogs, commonly known as the Krause catalogs. They are published by Krause Publications, a division of F+W Media. The by-century volumes list by date virtually every coin type, most of which are photographed, with mintage and other information, plus ... Read »


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    • Standard Catalog of World Paper Money

    • The Standard Catalog of World Paper Money is a well-known catalogue of banknotes that is published by Krause Publications in three volumes. These catalogues are commonly known in the numismatic trade as the Pick catalogues, as the numbering system was originally compiled by Albert Pick. Since the mid-1980s the titles h ... Read »


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    • Stater

    • The stater (/ˈsteɪtər/ or /stɑːˈtɛər/;Ancient Greek: στατήρ IPA: [statɛ̌ːr], literally "weight") was an ancient coin used in various regions of Greece. The term is also used for similar coins, imitating Greek staters, minted elsewhere in ancient Europe. The ... Read »


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    • Studien zu Fundmünzen der Antike


    • Styca

    • The styca was a small coin minted in pre-Viking Northumbria, originally in base silver and subsequently in a copper alloy. Production began in the 790s and continued until the 850s, though the coin remained in circulation until the Viking conquest of Northumbria in 867. Stycas were first minted in the reign of à ... Read »


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    • Sycee

    • A sycee (/ˈsaɪsiː/ or /sʌɪˈsiː/, from Cantonese , sai-sì, lit. "fine silk") or yuanbao (Chinese: t , s , p yuánbǎo) was a type of silver or gold ingot currency used in imperial China from its founding under the Qin dynasty until the fall of the Qing in the 20th century. Sycee were not m ... Read »


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    • Sylloge of Coins of the British Isles

    • The Sylloge of the Coins of the British Isles (SCBI) is an ongoing project to publish all major museum collections and certain important private collections of British coins. Catalogues in the series contain full details and illustrations of each and every specimen. Every Anglo-Saxon and Norman coin included in the pro ... Read »


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    • Tarì


    • Test money

    • Test money (or test notes, test bills, funny money, Monopoly money) are a part of the test apparatus that are often used with currency handling equipment, such as automatic teller machines. While it is often desirable to use actual banknotes or coins in the process of testing currency handling equipment, the inherent ... Read »


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    • Randy'L He-dow Teton


    • Tolar

    • Tolar (German: Thaler) is the Czech name for the silver coin mined in Kingdom of Bohemia in the 16th century in Jáchymov (German: Joachimsthal). The modern word dollar was derived from the Spanish dollar, so-called in the English-speaking world because they were of similar size and weight to the German Thalers. The ... Read »


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    • Trial of the Pyx

    • The Trial of the Pyx (/pɪks/) is the procedure in the United Kingdom for ensuring that newly minted coins conform to the required standards. These trials have been held from the twelfth century to the present day, normally once per calendar year. The form of the ceremony has been essentially the same since 1282 AD. ... Read »


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    • Turkish lira sign

    • The Turkish lira sign (symbol: ₺; image: ) is the currency symbol used for the Turkish lira, the official currency of Turkey and Northern Cyprus. The design was presented to the public on March 1, 2012. The international three-letter code (according to ISO 4217) is TRY. In May 2012, Unicode decided the encoding o ... Read »


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    • 1906 Silver Medal Milan International Exhibition.jpg


    • 1906 Silver Medal Milan International Exhibition.jpg


    • American Numismatic Association logo.jpg


    • American Numismatic Association logo.jpg


    • Tokhtogha coin.jpg


    • Tokhtogha coin.jpg


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  • What Else?

    • Numismatics

Extras