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Robert Fogel

Robert Fogel
Robert William Fogel.jpg
Born (1926-07-01)July 1, 1926
New York City, New York, U.S.
Died June 11, 2013(2013-06-11) (aged 86)
Oak Lawn, Illinois, U.S.
Nationality American
Field Economic history
Cliometrics
School or
tradition
Chicago School
Alma mater Stuyvesant High School
Cornell University
Columbia University
Johns Hopkins University
Doctoral
advisor
Simon Kuznets
Academic
advisors
Evsey Domar
Abba Lerner
Fritz Machlup
Awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1993)
Bancroft Prize (1975)
Information at IDEAS / RePEc

Robert William Fogel (/ˈfɡəl/; July 1, 1926 – June 11, 2013) was an American economic historian and scientist, and winner (with Douglass North) of the 1993 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. As of his death, he was the Charles R. Walgreen Distinguished Service Professor of American Institutions and director of the Center for Population Economics (CPE) at the University of Chicago's Booth School of Business. He is best known as an advocate of new economic history (cliometrics) – the use of quantitative methods in history.

Fogel was born in New York City, the son of Ukrainian Jewish immigrants from Odessa (1922). His brother, six years his senior, was his main intellectual influence in his youth as he listened to him and his college friends intensely discuss social and economic issues of the Great Depression. He graduated from the Stuyvesant High School in 1944. Upon his graduation he found himself with a love for literature and history and aspired for a career in science, but due to an extreme pessimism about the economy in the second half of the 40s, he shifted his interest towards economics. He was educated at Cornell University, where he majored in history with an economics minor, and became president of the campus branch of American Youth for Democracy, a communist organization. After graduation in 1948, he became a professional organizer for the Communist Party. After working eight years as a professional organizer, he rejected communism as unscientific and attended Columbia University, where he studied under George Stigler and obtained an MA in economics in 1960. He received a PhD from Johns Hopkins University in 1963.



  • The Union Pacific Railroad: A Case in Premature Enterprise, 1960.
  • Railroads and American Economic Growth: Essays in Econometric History, 1964.
  • Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery, 2 volumes, 1974. (co-written with Stanley Engerman)
  • Which Road to the Past?, 1983.
  • Without Consent or Contract: The Rise and Fall of American Slavery, 2 volumes, 1989, .
  • Economic Growth, Population Theory and Physiology: The Bearings of Long-Term Processes on the Making of Economic Policy, 1994.
  • The Slavery Debates, 1952–1990: A Retrospective . Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2003. 106 pp. .
  • The Fourth Great Awakening and the Future of Egalitarianism Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.
  • The Escape from Hunger and Premature Death, 1700–2100: Europe, America, and the Third World. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. 189pp. .
  • The Changing Body: Health, Nutrition, and Human Development in the Western World since 1700 (co-written with Roderick Floud, Bernard Harris, and Sok Chul Hong), Cambridge University Press, New York 2011
  • Explaining Long-Term Trends in Health and Longevity, 2012.
  • Political Arithmetic: Simon Kuznets and the Empirical Tradition in Economics (co-written with Enid M. Fogel, Mark Guglielmo, and Nathaniel Grotte), University of Chicago Press, Chicago 2013
  • Conrad, Alfred H.; Meyer, John R. (1958). "The Economics of Slavery in the Ante Bellum South". Journal of Political Economy. 66 (2): 95–130. doi:10.1086/258020. 
  • David, Paul; et al. (1976). Reckoning with Slavery: A Critical Study in the Quantitative History of American Negro Slavery. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN . 
  • Goldin, Claudia; Rockoff, Hugh [edd.] (1992). Strategic Factors in the Nineteenth Century American Economic History: A Volume to Honor Robert W. Fogel. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN . 
  • Parish, Peter (1989). Slavery: History and Historians. New York: Harper. ISBN . 
  • Whaples, Robert (1995). "Where Is There Consensus among American Economic Historians? The Results of a Survey on Forty Propositions". Journal of Economic History. 55 (1): 139–154. doi:10.1017/S0022050700040602. JSTOR 2123771. 
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