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Rakhine State

Rakhine State
Arakan State
Myanma transcription(s)
 • Arakanese ra-khai-pray-nay
Flag of Rakhine State
Official seal of Rakhine State
Location of Rakhine State in Myanmar (Burma)
Location of Rakhine State in Myanmar (Burma)
Coordinates: 19°30′N 94°0′E / 19.500°N 94.000°E / 19.500; 94.000Coordinates: 19°30′N 94°0′E / 19.500°N 94.000°E / 19.500; 94.000
Country  Myanmar
Region West coastal
Capital Sittwe
 • Chief Minister Nyi Pu (NLD)
 • Legislature Rakhine State Hluttaw
 • Total 36,778.0 km2 (14,200.1 sq mi)
Area rank 8th
Population (2014 Census)
 • Total 3,188,807
 • Rank 8th
 • Ethnicities Rakhine, Kaman, Mro, Khami, Rohingya and others
 • Religions Theravada Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism and others
Time zone MMT (UTC+06:30)

Rakhine State (Burmese: ရခိုင်ပြည်နယ်; MLCTS: ra_khai_pray_nay, Rakhine pronunciation [ɹəkʰàiɴ pɹènè]; Burmese pronunciation: [jəkʰàiɴ pjìnɛ̀]; formerly Arakan) is a state in Myanmar (Burma). Situated on the western coast, it is bordered by Chin State to the north, Magway Region, Bago Region and Ayeyarwady Region to the east, the Bay of Bengal to the west, and the Chittagong Division of Bangladesh to the northwest. It is located approximately between latitudes 17°30' north and 21°30' north and east longitudes 92°10' east and 94°50' east. The Arakan Mountains, rising to 3,063 metres (10,049 ft) at Victoria Peak, separate Rakhine State from central Burma. Off the coast of Rakhine State there are some fairly large islands such as Cheduba and Myingun Island. Rakhine State has an area of 36,762 square kilometres (14,194 sq mi) and its capital is Sittwe.

The term Rakhine is believed to have been derived from the Pali word Rakkhapura (Sanskrit Raksapura), meaning "Land of Ogres" (Rakshas), possibly a pejorative referring to the original Negrito inhabitants. In Hindu religious Text, Austric Race (Austroloid Race-Aborigine Of eastern India) was called Rakshas (Orge). The Pali word "Rakkhapura" ("Rakkhita") means "land of the people of Rakhasa" (also Rakkha, Rakhaing). They were given this name in honour of their preservation of their national heritage and ethics or morality. The word Rakhine means, "one who maintains his own race." In the Rakhine language, the land is called Rakhinepray, the ethnic Rakhine are called Rakhinetha.

AY 2013–2014 Primary Middle High
Schools 2515 137 69
Teachers 11,045 2909 1337
Students 370,431 100,566 26,671
2002–2003 # Hospitals # Beds
Specialist hospitals 0 0
General hospitals with specialist services 1 200
General hospitals 16 553
Health clinics 24 384
Total 41 1137

Hla Maung Tin ( January 2011 – 20 June 2014)
Major General Maung Maung Ohn (30 June 2014 – present)
  • Sittwe (12,504 km2; 1,099,568 people)
  • Mrauk-U (recently created out of Sittwe District)
  • Maungdaw (3,538 km2; 763,844 people)
  • Kyaukphyu (9,984 km2; 458,244 people)
  • Thandwe (10,753 km2; 296,736 people)
  • Total Rakhine State: 36,778 km2; 2,915,000 people


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