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|Open-mid central rounded vowel|
|IPA vowel chart|
|Paired vowels are: unrounded • rounded|
|This table contains phonetic symbols, which may not display correctly in some browsers. [Help]|
IPA help • IPA key • chart • chart with audio •
The open-mid central rounded vowel, or low-mid central rounded vowel, is a vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɞ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is 3\. The symbol is called closed reversed epsilon. It was added to the IPA in 1993; before that, this vowel was transcribed ⟨ɔ̈⟩.
The IPA prefers terms "close" and "open" for vowels, and the name of the article follows this. However, a large number of linguists, perhaps a majority, prefer the terms "high" and "low".
Due to either typographic or design error, IPA charts were published with this vowel transcribed as a closed epsilon, ⟨ʚ⟩, and this graphic variant made its way into Unicode as U+029A ʚ LATIN SMALL LETTER CLOSED OPEN E. The form ⟨ɞ⟩ (U+025E ɞ LATIN SMALL LETTER CLOSED REVERSED OPEN E) is considered correct.
|English||Irish||but||[bɞθ̠]||'but'||Corresponds to [ʌ] in other varieties. See English phonology|
|New Zealand||not||[nɞʔt]||'not'||Possible realization of /ɒ/. See New Zealand English phonology|
|German||Standard||Parfum||[pʰäʁˈfɞ̃ː]||'perfume'||Nasalized, somewhat fronted and lowered. Most often transcribed in IPA with ⟨œ̃ː⟩. Present only in loanwords. See German phonology|
|Icelandic||öld||[ɞl̪t̪]||'age'||Most often transcribed in IPA with ⟨œ⟩. Often diphthongized to [ɵɞ] when long. See Icelandic phonology|
|Irish||tomhail||[tɞːlʲ]||'consume' (imp.)||See Irish phonology|
|Navajo||tsosts’id||[tsʰɞstsʼɪt]||'seven'||See Navajo phonology|
|Northern Tiwa||Taos dialect||[ʔãˌtʃʊt̚ːˈʔuɞnbɑ]||'his-garment-around'||Allophone of /ɑ/. See Taos phonology|
|Norwegian||Stavangersk||topp||[tʰɞpː]||'top'||See Norwegian phonology|
|Poitevin||o doune||[ɞ dun]||'he gives'|
|Somali||keenaysaa||[keːnɞjsɑː]||'she brings'||See Somali phonology|
|West Frisian||Southwestern dialects||boare||[bɞːrə]||'tomcat'||Corresponds to [wa] in other dialects. See West Frisian phonology|
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