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Mughal Bengal

Subah of Bengal
Subdivision of the Mughal Empire








Flag of Bengal


Capital Dhaka
Government Viceregal
Historical era Early modern period
 •  Battle of Raj Mahal 1576
 •  Battle of Plassey 1757
Today part of Bangladesh
India (West Bengal, and Orissa)

Flag of Bengal


The Bengal Subah was a subdivision of the Mughal Empire encompassing modern Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal and Orissa between the 16th and 18th centuries. The state was established following the dissolution of the Bengal Sultanate, when the region was absorbed into one of the largest empires in the world. The Mughals played an important role in developing modern Bengali culture and society. By the 18th century, Mughal Bengal emerged as a quasi-independent state.

After the defeat of expansionist Bengal Sultan Daud Khan Karrani at Rajmahal in 1576, Mughal padshah (emperor) Akbar the Great announced the creation of Bengal as one of the original twelve Subahs (top-level provinces), bordering Bihar and Orissa subahs, as well as Burma.

By the 17th century, the Mughals subdued opposition from the Baro-Bhuyans landlords, notably Isa Khan. Bengal was integrated into a powerful and prosperous empire; and shaped by imperial policies of pluralistic government. The Mughals built a new imperial metropolis in Dhaka from 1610, with well-developed fortifications, gardens, tombs, palaces and mosques. It served as the Mughal capital of Bengal for 75 years. The city was renamed in honour of Emperor Jahangir. Dhaka emerged as the commercial capital of the Mughal Empire, given that it was the centre for the empire's largest exports: cotton muslin textiles.

Conflict Year(s) Leader(s) Enemy Rival Leader(s) Result
Battle of Tukaroi 1575 Akbar Bengal Sultanate Daud Khan Karrani Mughal victory
Battle of Raj Mahal 1576 Khan Jahan I Bengal Sultanate Daud Khan Karrani Mughal victory
Conquest of Bhati 1576-1611 Khan Jahan I
Shahbaz Khan Kamboh
Man Singh
Baro-Bhuyan Isa Khan
Musa Khan
Mughal victory
Ahom-Mughal conflicts 1615-1682 Qasim Khan Chishti
Mir Jumla
Ram Singh I
Ahom kingdom Ahom kings Assamese victory
Mughal-Arakan War 1665-1666 Shaista Khan Kingdom of Mrauk U Thiri Thudhamma Mughal victory
Battle of Burdwan 1747 Alivardi Khan Maratha Empire Janoji Bhonsle Mughal victory
Siege of Fort William 1756 Siraj-ud-Daulah British Empire Roger Drake Mughal victory
Battle of Plassey 1757 Siraj-ud-Daulah British Empire Robert Clive British victory
Sarkar Pargana
Udamabar (Tanda) 52 parganas
Jannatabad (Lakhnauti) 66 parganas
Fathabad 31 parganas
Mahmudabad 88 parganas
Khalifatabad 35 parganas
Bakla 4 parganas
Purniyah 9 parganas
Tajpur 29 parganas
Ghoraghat 84 parganas
Pinjarah 21 parganas
Barbakabad 38 parganas
Bazuha 32 parganas
Sonargaon 52 parganas
Sylhet 8 parganas
Chittagong 7 parganas
Sharifabad 26 parganas
Sulaimanabad 31 parganas
Satgaon 53 parganas
Mandaran 16 parganas
Personal Name Reign
Munim Khan Khan-i-Khanan
منعم خان، خان خاناں
25 September 1574 - 23 October 1575
Hussain Quli Beg Khan Jahan I
حسین قلی بیگ، خان جہاں اول
15 November 1575 - 19 December 1578
Muzaffar Khan Turbati
مظفر خان تربتی
1579 - 1580
Mirza Aziz Koka Khan-e-Azam
میرزا عزیز کوکہ،خان اعظم
1582 - 1583
Shahbaz Khan Kamboh
شھباز خان کمبوہ
1583 - 1585
Sadiq Khan
صادق خان
1585 - 1586
Wazir Khan Tajik
وزیر خان
1586 - 1587
Sa'id Khan
سعید خان
1587 - 1594
Raja Man Singh I
راجہ مان سنگھ
4 June 1594 - 1606
Qutb-ud-din Khan Koka
قطب الدین خان کوکہ
2 September 1606 - May 1607
Jahangir Quli Beg
جہانگیر قلی بیگ
1607 - 1608
Sheikh Ala-ud-din Chisti Islam Khan Chisti
اسلام خان چشتی
June 1608 - 1613
Qasim Khan Chishti
قاسم خان چشتی
1613 - 1617
Ibrahim Khan Fateh Jang
ابراہیم خان فتح جنگ
1617 - 1622
Mahabat Khan
محابت خان
1622 - 1625
Mirza Amanullah Khan Zaman II
میرزا أمان اللہ ، خان زماں ثانی
Mukarram Khan
مکرم خان
1625 - 1627
Fidai Khan
فدای خان
1627 - 1628
Qasim Khan Juvayni Qasim Manija
قاسم خان جوینی، قاسم مانیجہ
1628 - 1632
Mir Muhammad Baqir Azam Khan
میر محمد باقر، اعظم خان
1632 - 1635
Mir Abdus Salam Islam Khan Mashhadi
اسلام خان مشھدی
1635 - 1639
Sultan Shah Shuja
شاہ شجاع
1639 -1660
Mir Jumla II
میر جملہ
May 1660 - 30 March 1663
Mirza Abu Talib Shaista Khan I
میرزا ابو طالب، شایستہ خان
March 1664 - 1676
Azam Khan Koka, Fidai Khan II
اعظم خان کوکہ، فدای خان ثانی
1676 - 1677
Sultan Muhammad Azam Shah Alijah
محمد اعظم شاہ عالی جاہ
1678- 1679
Mirza Abu Talib Shaista Khan I
میرزا ابو طالب، شایستہ خان
1679 - 1688
Ibrahim Khan ibn Ali Mardan Khan
ابراہیم خان ابن علی مردان خان
1688 - 1697
Sultan Azim-us-Shan
عظیم الشان
1697 - 1712
Others appointed but did not show up from 1712-1717 and managed by Deputy Subahdar Murshid Quli Khan.
Murshid Quli Khan
مرشد قلی خان
Portrait Titular Name Personal Name Birth Reign Death
Nasiri Dynasty
Murshid Quli Jafar Khan.jpg Jaafar Khan Bahadur Nasiri Murshid Quli Khan 1665 1717– 1727 30 June 1727
Sarfaraz Khan.jpg Ala-ud-Din Haidar Jang Sarfaraz Khan Bahadur ? 1727-1727 29 April 1740
Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan.jpg Shuja ud-Daula Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan Around 1670 (date not available) July, 1727 – 26 August 1739 26 August 1739
Sarfaraz Khan.jpg Ala-ud-Din Haidar Jang Sarfaraz Khan Bahadur ? 13 March 1739 – April 1740 29 April 1740
Afsar Dynasty
Alivardi Khan.jpg Hashim ud-Daula Muhammad Alivardi Khan Bahadur Before 10 May 1671 29 April 1740 – 9 April 1756 9 April 1756
Siraj ud-Daulah.jpg Siraj ud-Daulah Muhammad Siraj-ud-Daulah 1733 April 1756 – 2 June 1757 2 July 1757



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