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Republic of Serbia
Република Србија
Republika Srbija
Flag of Serbia
Coat of arms of Serbia
Flag Coat of arms
Боже правде / Bože pravde
God of Justice
Location of Serbia (green) and the disputed territory of Kosovo (light green)in Europe (dark grey).
Location of Serbia (green) and the disputed territory of Kosovo (light green)
in Europe (dark grey).
and largest city
44°48′N 20°28′E / 44.800°N 20.467°E / 44.800; 20.467
Official languages Serbian
Ethnic groups (2011)
Demonym Serbian
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional republic
• President
Tomislav Nikolić
Aleksandar Vučić
Maja Gojković
Legislature National Assembly
late 8th century
• Fall of the Serbian Despotatea
1459 (1537 de jure)
• Independent republic
• Including Kosovo
88,361 km2 (34,116 sq mi) (113th)
• Excluding Kosovo
77,474 km2 (29,913 sq mi)
• 2016 estimate
7,041,599 Decrease
• Density
92.8/km2 (240.4/sq mi) (112th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$112.888  billion (78th)
• Per capita
$15,828 (excluding Kosovo) (83rd)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$42.139  billion (86th)
• Per capita
$5,908 (excluding Kosovo) (88th)
Gini (2013) 38
medium · 72nd
HDI (2014) Steady 0.771
high · 66th
Currency Serbian dinar (RSD)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
Drives on the right
Calling code +381
ISO 3166 code RS
Internet TLD
  1. Belgrade, Mačva, Vojvodina conquered by Ottomans by 1556; independence of Realm of Jovan Nenad (1526-1527)

Coordinates: 44°N 21°E / 44°N 21°E / 44; 21

Serbia (Listeni/ˈsɜːrbiə/, Serbian: Србија / Srbija, IPA: [sř̩bija]), officially the Republic of Serbia (Serbian: Република Србија / Republika Srbija), is a sovereign state situated at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans. Relative to its small territory, it is a diverse country distinguished by a transitional character, situated along cultural, geographic, climatic and other boundaries. Serbia is landlocked and borders Hungary to the north; Romania and Bulgaria to the east; Macedonia to the south; and Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Montenegro to the southwest; it also claims a border with Albania through the disputed territory of Kosovo. Serbia numbers around 7 million residents, and its capital, Belgrade, ranks among the largest cities in Southeast Europe.