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Proclus

Proclus Lycaeus
Born (412-02-08)8 February 412
Constantinople
Died 17 April 485(485-04-17) (aged 73)
Athens
Other names "The Successor"
Era Ancient philosophy
Region Western philosophy
School Neoplatonism

Proclus Lycaeus (/ˈprɒkləs ˌlˈsəs/; 8 February 412 – 17 April 485 AD), called the Successor (Greek Πρόκλος ὁ Διάδοχος, Próklos ho Diádokhos), was a Greek Neoplatonist philosopher, one of the last major Classical philosophers (see Damascius). He set forth one of the most elaborate and fully developed systems of Neoplatonism. He stands near the end of the classical development of philosophy, and was very influential on Western medieval philosophy (Greek and Latin).

Proclus was born February 8, 412 AD (his birth date is deduced from a horoscope cast by a disciple, Marinus), in Constantinople to a family of high social status in Lycia (his father Patricius was a high legal official, very important in the Byzantine Empire's court system) and raised in Xanthus. He studied rhetoric, philosophy and mathematics in Alexandria, with the intent of pursuing a judicial position like his father. Before completing his studies, he returned to Constantinople when his rector, his principal instructor (one Leonas), had business there.



"I am Proclus,
Lycian whom Syrianus brought up to teach his doctrine after him.
This tomb reunites both our bodies.
May an identical sojourn be reserved to our both souls!"
"Editions and Translations: Proclus (after 1900)". De Wulf–Mansion Centre for Ancient, Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy. 
  • Platonic Theology: A long (six volumes in the Budé edition) systematic work, using evidence from Plato's dialogues to describe the character of the various divine orders
  • Elements of Theology: A systematic work, with 211 propositions and proofs, describing the universe from the first principle, the One, to the descent of souls into bodies
  • Elements of Physics
  • Commentary on Plato's "Alcibiades I" (it is disputed whether or not this dialogue was written by Plato, but the Neoplatonists thought it was)
  • Commentary on Plato's "Cratylus"
  • Commentary on Plato's "Parmenides"
  • Commentary on Plato's "Republic"
  • Commentary on Plato's "Timaeus"
  • A Commentary on the First Book of Euclid's "Elements"
  • Three small works: Ten doubts concerning providence; On providence and fate; On the existence of evils
  • Various Hymns (fragments)
  • Commentary on the Chaldaean Oracles (fragments)
  • The life of Proclus, or On Happiness: written by his pupil, Marinus
  • Proklos: Grundzüge seiner Metaphysik, by Werner Beierwaltes
  • L'Un et L'Âme selon Proclos, by Jean Trouillard
  • La mystagogie de Proclos, by Jean Trouillard
  • KINESIS AKINETOS: A study of spiritual motion in the philosophy of Proclus, by Stephen Gersh
  • From Iamblichus to Eriugena. An investigation of the prehistory and evolution of the Pseudo-Dionysius tradition, by Stephen Gersh
  • L'architecture du divin. Mathématique et Philosophie chez Plotin et Proclus, by Annick Charles-Saget
  • Proclus: Neoplatonic philosophy and science, by Lucas Siorvanes
  • The Philosophy of Proclus – the Final Phase of Ancient Thought, by L J Rosan
  • The Logical Principles of Proclus' Stoicheiôsis Theologikê as Systematic Ground of the Cosmos, by James Lowry
  • Proclus et son influence, actes du Colloque de Neuchatel, Juin, 1985. Zürich: Éditions du Grand Midi, 1987.
  • Proclus lecteur et interprète des anciens. Actes du Colloque internationale du C.N.R.S., Paris 2–4 October 1985. J. Pépin et H.-D. Saffrey. Paris: C.N.R.S., 1987.
  • On Proclus and his Influence in Medieval Philosophy, ed. by E.P. Bos and P.A. Meijer (Philosophia antiqua 53), Leiden-Köln-New York: Brill, 1992.
  • The perennial tradition of neoplatonism, ed. by J. Cleary (Ancient and medieval philosophy, Series I, 24), Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1997.
  • Proclus et la Théologie platonicienne: actes du colloque international de Louvain (13–16 mai 1998) en l'honneur de H. D. Saffrey et L. G. Westerink, éd. par A.-Ph. Segonds et C. Steel (Ancient and medieval philosophy, Series I 26), Leuven-Paris: Leuven University Press / Les Belles Lettres, 2000.
  • Stephen Gersh (ed.), Interpreting Proclus from Antiquity to the Renaissance, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
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