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Indian leopard

Indian leopard
Leopard Male Nagarhole.jpg
A male Indian leopard
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera
Species: P. pardus
Subspecies: P. p. fusca
Trinomial name
Panthera pardus fusca
(Meyer), 1794

Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) is a leopard subspecies widely distributed on the Indian subcontinent. The species Panthera pardus is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List because populations have declined following habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching for the illegal trade of skins and body parts, and persecution due to conflict situations.

The Indian leopard is one of the five big cats found on the Indian subcontinent, apart from Asiatic lion, Bengal tiger, snow leopard and clouded leopard.

In 2014, a national census of leopards around tiger habitats was carried out in India except the northeast. 7,910 individuals were estimated in surveyed areas and a national total of 12,000-14,000 speculated.

In 1794, Friedrich Albrecht Anton Meyer wrote the first description of Felis fusca, in which he gave account of a panther-like cat from Bengal of about 85.5 cm (33.7 in), with strong legs and a long well-formed tail, head as big as a panther’s, broad muzzle, short ears and small, yellowish grey eyes, light grey ocular bulbs; black at first sight, but on closer examination dark brown with circular darker coloured spots, tinged pale red underneath. Male Indian leopards grow to between 4 ft 2 in (127 cm) and 4 ft 8 in (142 cm) in body size with a 2 ft 6 in (76 cm) to 3 ft (91 cm) long tail and weigh between 110 and 170 lb (50 and 77 kg). Females are smaller, growing to between 3 ft 5 in (104 cm) and 3 ft 10 in (117 cm) in body size with a 2 ft 6 in (76 cm) to 2 ft 10.5 in (87.6 cm) long tail, and weigh between 64 and 75 lb (29 and 34 kg). Sexually dimorphic, males are larger and heavier than females.


Leopard population by state
State Leopards (2015)
Andhra Pradesh 343
Bihar 32
Chhattisgarh 846
Goa 71
Jharkhand 29
Karnataka 1,129
Kerala 472
Madhya Pradesh 1,817
Maharashtra 905
Odisha 345
Tamil Nadu 815
Uttar Pradesh 194
Uttarakhand 703

  • in India: more than 2845 poached leopards between 1994 and October 2010;
  • in Nepal: 243 poached leopards between May 2002 and May 2008;
  • in China and Tibet: more than 774 poached leopards between July 1999 and September 2005.
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Wikipedia

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