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  • Urban planning

    Urban planning

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    • Urban planning by region

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    • Urban planning by country

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    • Works of urban studies and planning

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    • Architectural conservation

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    • City plans

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    • City timelines

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    • Community development

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    • Environmental planning

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    • Urban geographers

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    • Ghost towns

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    • Urban historians

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Urban historians


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    • Historic preservation

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    • History of urban planning

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    • Hydrology and urban planning

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    • Land use

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    • Metropolitan areas

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    • Neighborhoods

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    • Urban planning organisations

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    • Planned municipal developments

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    • Privately owned public spaces

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    • Public housing

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    • Radburn design housing estates

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    • Redevelopment

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    • Regional parks

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    • Regions of Augustan Rome

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    • Urban studies and planning schools

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    • Shanty towns

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    • Slums

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    • Streetcar suburbs

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    • Streets

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    • Sustainable urban planning

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    • Urban studies and planning terminology

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    • Town squares

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    • Transit-oriented developments

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    • Transportation planning

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    • Urban agriculture

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Urban agriculture


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    • Urban animals

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    • Urban decay

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    • Urban design

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    • Urban development

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    • Urban economics

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    • Urban forestry

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Urban forestry


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    • Urban planners

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    • Urban planning museums

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    • Urban public parks

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    • Urban renewal

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    • Urban sociology

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    • Urban sprawl

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    • Urban theorists

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    • World's fair sites


    • Zoning

    • This piglix contains articles or sub-piglix about Zoning


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    • Urban studies and planning stubs

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    • Communicative planning

    • Communicative planning is an approach to urban planning that gathers stakeholders and engages them in a process to make decisions together in a manner that respects the positions of all involved. It is also sometimes called collaborative planning among planning practitioners. Since the 1970s, communicative plannin ... Read »


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    • Index of urban planning articles

    • Urban, city, or town planning is the discipline of planning which explores several aspects of the built and social environments of municipalities and communities: Ancient Chinese urban planning - American Institute of Certified Planners (AICP) - American Planning Association - Athens Charter Broadacre City Circles o ... Read »


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    • Index of urban studies articles

    • Urban studies is the diverse range of disciplines and approaches to the study of all aspects of cities, their suburbs, and other urban areas. This includes among others: urban economics, urban planning, urban ecology, urban transportation systems, urban politics, sociology and urban social relations. This can be contra ... Read »


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    • Theories of urban planning

    • Planning theory is the body of scientific concepts, definitions, behavioral relationships, and assumptions that define the body of knowledge of urban planning. There are eight procedural theories of planning that remain the principal theories of planning procedure today: the rational-comprehensive approach, the increme ... Read »


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    • Urban area

    • An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment. Urban areas are created through urbanization and are categorized by urban morphology as cities, towns, conurbations or suburbs. In urbanism, the term contrasts to rural areas such as villages and hamlets and in urb ... Read »


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    • Urban planning

    • Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and use of land, protection and use of the environment, public welfare, and the design of the urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, an ... Read »


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    • Urban relocation

    • Relocation of inhabitants and infrastructure development is facing many urban areas. There are several reasons for urban relocation; industry development, for instance mining, response to natural disaster, for instance tsunami recovery and social/economic renewal. Urban relocation is complex in that it is spanning a nu ... Read »


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    • Urban studies

    • Urban studies is a field within the social sciences, developed under this name since the 1960s. The journal Urban Studies was established in 1964. The term is used in diverging meanings; it may either refer to studies of straightforward urban planning or civil engineering. In the United States, however, in the context ... Read »


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    • Active living

    • Role of exercise is a way of life that integrates physical activity into your everyday routines, such as walking to the store or biking to work. Active living brings together urban planners, architects, transportation engineers, public health professionals, activists and other professionals to build places that encoura ... Read »


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    • Adaptive reuse

    • Adaptive reuse refers to the process of reusing an old site or building for a purpose other than which it was built or designed for. Along with brownfield reclamation, adaptive reuse is seen by many as a key factor in land conservation and the reduction of urban sprawl. However adaptive reuse can become controversial a ... Read »


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    • Adequate Public Facilities Ordinance

    • An Adequate Public Facilities Ordinance, APFO, or Concurrency Regulation is a legislative method to tie public infrastructure to growth for a region. APFOs take into account the availability of infrastructure. They can affect growth, but are considered separate from growth controls such as building moratoria. Ramapo, ... Read »


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    • Advocacy planning

    • Advocacy planning was formulated in the 1960s by Paul Davidoff. It is a pluralistic and inclusive planning theory where planners seek to represent the interests of various groups within society. Davidoff (1965) was an activist lawyer and planner who believed that advocacy planning was a necessary method for represe ... Read »


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    • American urban history


    • Ancient Chinese urban planning

    • Ancient Chinese urban planning encompasses the diverse set of cultural beliefs, social and economic structures, and technological capacities that historically influenced urban design in the early period of Chinese civilization.  Factors that have shaped the development of Chinese urbanism include: fengshui geomancy ... Read »


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    • Urban planning in ancient Egypt

    • The use of urban planning in ancient Egypt is a matter of continuous debate. Because ancient sites usually survive only in fragments, and many ancient Egyptian cities have been continuously inhabited since their original forms, relatively little is actually understood about the general designs of Egyptian towns for any ... Read »


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    • Anthropogenic biome

    • Anthropogenic biomes, also known as anthromes or human biomes, describe the terrestrial biosphere in its contemporary, human-altered form using global ecosystem units defined by global patterns of sustained direct human interaction with ecosystems. Anthromes were first named and mapped by Erle Ellis and Navin Ramankutt ... Read »


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    • Architectural endoscopy

    • Architectural endoscopy or architectural envisioning is used to photograph and film models of new buildings' exterior and interior in the planning stage. An architectural model of a new building in a 1:500 scale is thus correctly visualized from the perspective of a pedestrian walking by in the street. An endoscope con ... Read »


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    • Asset-based community development

    • Asset-based community development (ABCD) is a methodology for the sustainable development of communities based on their strengths and potentials. It involves assessing the resources, skills, and experience available in a community; organizing the community around issues that move its members into action; and then deter ... Read »


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    • Athens Charter

    • The Athens Charter (French: Charte d'Athènes) was a document about urban planning published by the Swiss architect, Le Corbusier in 1943. The work was based upon Le Corbusier’s Ville Radieuse (Radiant City) book of 1935 and urban studies undertaken by the Congrès International d'Architecture Moderne (CIAM) i ... Read »


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    • Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute

    • The Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute (AHURI) is a national not-for-profit independent network organization that funds, conducts, disseminates, and tailors research on housing and homelessness. AHURI aims to deliver policy-relevant information for better housing and urban development across Australia. The ... Read »


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    • Bachelor of Resource and Environmental Planning

    • The Bachelor of Resource and Environmental Planning is a professional degree that seeks to integrate the disciplines of Urban planning, Environmental planning and Natural resource management. It is similar to the Bachelor of Environmental Studies offered by various schools in Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Kenya, b ... Read »


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    • Bike Arc

    • Bike Arc LLC, located in downtown Palo Alto, California, is a Silicon Valley startup that designs secure bicycle parking racks and systems. It was founded by Joseph Bellomo and Jeff Selzer in 2008. Jeff Selzer sits on the Board of Directors of the Silicon Valley Bicycle Coalition and is the General Manager of Palo Alto ... Read »


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    • BMW Guggenheim Lab

    • The BMW Guggenheim Lab is a collaboration between the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation and the BMW Group. It is an interdisciplinary mobile laboratory that visited three cities around the world between 2011 and 2013. The lab is part urban think tank, part community center, and part gathering space, and explores issues ... Read »


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    • Bombsite

    • A bombsite is the wreckage that remains after a bomb has destroyed a building or other structure. After World War II many European cities remained severely damaged from bombing. London and other British cities which had suffered the Blitz were pock-marked with bombsites, vacant lots covered in the rubble of destro ... Read »


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    • Bowden development

    • Coordinates: 34°54′07″S 138°34′55″E / 34.902°S 138.582°E / -34.902; 138.582 The Bowden development is an urban development in the Australian state of South Australia on a site formerly owned by the Clipsal corporation in the suburb of Bowden, within the City of Charles ... Read »


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    • Capital Improvement Plan

    • A Capital Improvement Plan (Program), or CIP, is a short-range plan, usually four to ten years, which identifies capital projects and equipment purchases, provides a planning schedule and identifies options for financing the plan. Essentially, the plan provides a link between a municipality, school district, parks and ... Read »


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    • Cascade Center

    • The Cascade Center at the Riverplex is an indoor and outdoor shopping, dining, and entertainment complex located in downtown New Castle, Pennsylvania. It opened in 2006. Much of the complex sits on the former site of the Cascade, the first movie theater of the Warner Bros., hence the name. The complex is at the corner ... Read »


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    • Cathedral close

    • A cathedral close is the area immediately around a cathedral, sometimes extending for a hundred metres or more from the main cathedral building. In Europe in the Middle Ages, and often later, it was usually all the property of the cathedral and under the bishop or cathedral's legal jurisdiction rather than that of the ... Read »


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    • Central place theory

    • Central place theory is a geographical theory that seeks to explain the number, size and location of human settlements in an urban system. The theory was created by the German geographer Walter Christaller, who asserted that settlements simply functioned as 'central places' providing services to surrounding areas. ... Read »


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    • Centuriation

    • Centuriation (in Latin centuriatio or, more usually, limitatio) was a method of land measurement used by the Romans. In many cases land divisions based on the survey formed a field system, often referred to in modern times by the same name. According to O. A. W. Dilke, centuriation combined and developed features of la ... Read »


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    • Children Youth and Environments Center


    • Children, Youth and Environments

    • Children, Youth and Environments is a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes research articles, in-depth analyses, field reports, and book reviews on research, policy, and practice concerning inclusive and sustainable environments for children and youth worldwide. From 1984 through 1995, it was produce ... Read »


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    • City Beautiful movement

    • The City Beautiful Movement was a reform philosophy of North American architecture and urban planning that flourished during the 1890s and 1900s with the intent of introducing beautification and monumental grandeur in cities. The movement, which was originally associated mainly with Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, and Was ... Read »


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    • City Mayors Foundation

    • The City Mayors Foundation, also known as City Mayors, is an international think tank dedicated to urban affairs. It has been active since 2003 and runs the biennial World Mayor award, as well as providing pro bono consultancy services. Unlike Eurocities and United Cities and Local Governments it is wholly independent ... Read »


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    • City of Light Development

    • The Kabul - City Of Light Development is an urban reconstruction plan, first proposed by urban planner and architect Hisham N. Ashkouri to revitalize the capital city of Afghanistan. The plan targets an area just south of the Kabul River for redevelopment. This area, approximately 3.5km long and 1.75 km wide, still hos ... Read »


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    • City rhythm

    • City rhythm

      City Rhythm is the sixth studio album by Sandy Lam, released under Warner Bros. Records in the winter of 1988. "City Rhythm" is a series of albums that launched Sandy's career into the ranks of Anita Mui, Sally Yeh, Priscilla Chan, etc. "City Rhythm" is also the beginning of Hong Kong mainstream concept albums. Much wa ... Read »


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    • City Statute

    • The City Statute (Law 10.257) is a federal law passed in Brazil in 2001 that builds on the Federal Constitution of Brazil to create a new legal-urban order to provide land access and equity in large urban cities. It is premised on the idea of the Right to the city and emerged as a result of many years of popular strugg ... Read »


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    • City Urban Administrative and Law Enforcement Bureau

    • The Urban Administrative and Law Enforcement Bureau, commonly shortened to Chengguan (Chinese: 城管; pinyin: Chéngguǎn), is a local government agency that has been established in every city in Mainland China. The agency is usually part of a city or municipality's Urban Management Bureau (Chinese: 城 ... Read »


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    • City-Data

    • City-Data

      City-Data is an Illinois-based social networking and information website that presents data and information pertaining to United States cities, and offers public online forums for discussion. US cities, counties, zip codes, and neighborhoods are profiled and compared using governmental data about race, income, educatio ... Read »


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    • CityEngine

    • Esri CityEngine

      Esri CityEngine is a three-dimensional (3D) modeling software application developed by Esri R&D Center Zurich (formerly Procedural Inc.) and is specialized in the generation of 3D urban environments. With the procedural modeling approach, CityEngine supports the creation of detailed large-scale 3D city models. CityEngi ... Read »


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    • Co-partnership housing movement

    • Housing co-partnership was a social movement that developed alongside the garden city movement in Britain between 1900 and 1914 and which financed and built most of the suburbs and villages associated with that movement. It was also a unique form of tenure combining features of a tenant co-operative and a limited divid ... Read »


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    • Communal garden

    • A communal garden (often used in the plural as communal gardens) is a normally formal garden for shared use by a number of local residents, typically in an urban setting. The term is especially used in the United Kingdom. The centre of many city squares and crescents (e.g., especially in London) are maintained as commu ... Read »


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    • Communities Directory

    • The Communities Directory, A Comprehensive Guide to Intentional Community provides listing of intentional communities primarily from North America but also from around the world. The Communities Directory has both an (online)and a print edition, which is published based on data from the website. The first version ... Read »


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    • Community development

    • The United Nations defines community development as "a process where community members come together to take collective action and generate solutions to common problems." It is a broad term given to the practices of civic leaders, activists, involved citizens and professionals to improve various aspects of communities, ... Read »


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    • Community development planning

    • Community development planning consists of a public participatory and usually interactive form of town or neighborhood planning and design in which diverse community members (often termed “stakeholders”) contribute toward formulation of the goals, objectives, planning, fund/resource identification and directi ... Read »


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    • Community land trust

    • A community land trust is a nonprofit corporation that develops and stewards affordable housing, community gardens, civic buildings, commercial spaces and other community assets on behalf of a community. “CLTs” balance the needs of individuals to access land and maintain security of tenure with a communityâ ... Read »


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    • Community of place

    • A community of place or place-based community is a community of people who are bound together because of where they reside, work, visit or otherwise spend a continuous portion of their time. Such a community can be a neighborhood, town, coffeehouse, , gathering place, public space or any other geographically specific p ... Read »


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    • Community perceptions in natural resource management

    • There has been contested view with regard to the position of the local community on their resources that surrounds their vicinity. Most people urge that the local community's perceptions and aspirations has to be taken on board in the course of planning and managing the resources that are close to their surroundings fr ... Read »


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    • Community-driven development

    • Community-driven development (CDD) is a development initiative that provides control of the development process, resources and decision making authority directly to groups in the community. The underlying assumption of CDD projects are that communities are the best judges of how their lives and livelihoods can be impro ... Read »


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    • Compact city

    • The compact city or city of short distances is an urban planning and urban design concept, which promotes relatively high residential density with mixed land uses. It is based on an efficient public transport system and has an urban layout which – according to its advocates – encourages walking and cycling, l ... Read »


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    • Complete streets

    • Complete Streets is a transportation policy and design approach that requires streets to be planned, designed, operated, and maintained to enable safe, convenient and comfortable travel and access for users of all ages and abilities regardless of their mode of transportation. Complete Streets allow for safe travel by t ... Read »


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    • Comprehensive planning

    • Comprehensive planning is a process that determines community goals and aspirations in terms of community development. The outcome of comprehensive planning is the Comprehensive Plan which dictates public policy in terms of transportation, utilities, land use, recreation, and housing. Comprehensive plans typically enco ... Read »


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    • Conservation easement

    • In the United States, a conservation easement (also called conservation covenant, conservation restriction or conservation servitude) is a power invested in a qualified private land conservation organization (often called a "land trust") or government (municipal, county, state or federal) to constrain, as to a specifie ... Read »


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    • Context theory

    • Context theory is the theory of how environmental design and planning of new development should relate to its project. When decisions have been made they are implemented by means of land Use plans, zoning plans and environmental assessments. A number of context theories set out principles for relationships new designs ... Read »


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    • Context-sensitive solutions (transport)

    • Context-sensitive solutions (CSS) is a theoretical and practical approach to transportation decision-making and design that takes into consideration the communities and lands through which streets, roads, and highways pass ("the context"). The term is closely related to but distinguishable from context-sensitive design ... Read »


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    • Cooper, Robertson & Partners


    • Counterurbanization

    • Counterurbanization or de-urbanization is a demographic and social process whereby people move from urban areas to rural areas. It is along with suburbanization inversely related to urbanization. It first took place as a reaction to inner-city deprivation and overcrowding. Initial studies of counterurbanization were ca ... Read »


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    • Covenant of Mayors

    • The Covenant of Mayors is a European co-operation movement involving local and regional authorities. Signatories of the Covenant of Mayors voluntarily commit to increasing energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy sources on their territories. By their commitment, they support the European Union 20% CO2 reducti ... Read »


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    • Criterion Planners

    • Criterion Planners is an urban and regional planning firm that focuses on the nexus of community and sustainability using information technology to inform and creatively empower participants in community planning processes. The firm is a nationally recognized leader in land-use and transportation planning techniques an ... Read »


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    • Critical reconstruction

    • Critical reconstruction is a theory regarding the reconstruction of Berlin following the fall of the Berlin Wall; it aims to define the “central role of the city” and “invent the contemporary equivalent”. Goals include a return to traditional urbanism, with building size limited to one block, and b ... Read »


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    • Cycling advocacy

    • Cycling advocacy consists of activities that call for, promote or enable increased adoption and support for cycling and improved safety and convenience for cyclists, usually within urbanized areas or semi-urban regions. Issues of concern typically include policy, administrative and legal changes (the consideration of c ... Read »


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    • Daily urban system

    • The daily urban system (DUS) refers to the area around a city, in which daily commuting occurs. It is a means for defining an urban region by including the areas from which individuals commute. Daily Urban System is a concept first introduced by American geographer, Berry, and British geographer, Hall. Daily urban sy ... Read »


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    • Defensible space theory

    • The defensible space theory of architect and city planner Oscar Newman encompasses ideas about crime prevention and neighborhood safety. The theory developed in the early 1970s, and he wrote his first book on the topic, Defensible Space in 1972. The book contains a study from New York that pointed out that higher crime ... Read »


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    • Design code

    • A design code is a document that sets rules for the design of a new development in the United Kingdom. It is a tool that can be used in the design and planning process, but goes further and is more regulatory than other forms of guidance commonly used in the English planning system over recent decades. It can be though ... Read »


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    • Dipromisto

    • Dipromisto

      DIPROMISTO (Ukrainian: ДІПРОМІСТО) is a research and planning institute in the field of spatial and urban planning in Ukraine. It is a state enterprise within the field of governance of the Ministry of Regional Development, Construction and Housing of Ukraine. It was established on Septemb ... Read »


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    • District Regionalism

    • District Regionalism is a finance-related urban planning method. The practice creates a neighborhood stock system in which community shares are sold. The term "District Regionalism" was initially used by the administration of the city of Guthrie, Kentucky as the distinctive traits of each neighborhood emerged during th ... Read »


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    • Effects of the car on societies

    • Since the 20th century, the role of the car has become highly important. It is used throughout the world and has become the most popular mode of transport in the more developed countries. In developing countries, the effects of the car on society are not as visible, however they are significant. The development of the ... Read »


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    • Egypt Urban Forum

    • Egypt Urban Forum (EUF) is an international forum about urbanization issues held in Cairo, Egypt annually under the auspices of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Communities of Egypt and the UN-Habitat. the First Egypt Urban Forum was in Cairo on June 14–16, 2015. more than 300 Egyptian institutions, decision make ... Read »


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    • Environment and Urbanization ASIA

    • Environment and Urbanization ASIA is a peer reviewed journal which provides information in the fields of urbanization, human settlements and the environment across Asia. It is published twice a year by SAGE Publications in association with National Institute of Urban Affairs. Its audience includes researchers, academic ... Read »


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    • Ethiopian Institute of Architecture, Building Construction and City Development

    • Ethiopian Institute of Architecture, Building Construction and City Development

      The Ethiopian Institute of Architecture, Building Construction and City Development (EiABC) is an institute in Addis Ababa. When founded in 1954 the initial educational scheme aimed to offer a three-year diploma program in building engineering. This was shortly upgraded to a four-year program leading to a BSc. Deg ... Read »


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    • Extension agency

    • An extension agency is an organisation that practises extension, in the context of community development. An example is the Cooperative Extension Service, which aims to assist individuals or groups in defining and achieving their goals in rural communities in the USA. Extension agents are trained in the skills of exte ... Read »


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    • Eyesore

    • An eyesore is something that is largely considered to look unpleasant or ugly. Its technical usage is as an alternative perspective to the notion of landmark. Common examples include dilapidated buildings, graffiti, litter, polluted areas, and excessive commercial signage such as billboards. Some eyesores may be a matt ... Read »


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    • Farmland preservation

    • Farmland preservation is a joint effort by non-governmental organizations and local governments to set aside and protect examples of a region's farmland for the use, education, and enjoyment of future generations. It is often a part of regional planning and national historic preservation. New Jersey passed the Far ... Read »


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    • First Friday (public event)

    • "First Friday" is a name for various public events in some cities (particularly in the United States) that occur on the first Friday of every month. These citywide events may take on many purposes, including art gallery openings, and social and political networking. American cities have promoted such events to bring p ... Read »


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    • Footpath

    • A footpath (also pedestrian way, walking trail, nature trail) is a type of thoroughfare that is intended for use only by pedestrians and not other forms of traffic such as motorized vehicles, cycles, and horses. They can be found in a wide variety of places, from the centre of cities, to farmland, to narrow mountain ri ... Read »


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    • Form-based code

    • (See also the Form-based section of the Zoning in the United States article.) A Form-Based Code (FBC) is a means of regulating land development to achieve a specific urban form. Form-Based Codes foster predictable built results and a high-quality public realm by using physical form (rather than separation of uses) as ... Read »


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    • Freeway removal

    • Freeway removal is a public policy of urban planning policy to demolish freeways and create mixed-use urban areas, parks, residential, commercial, or other land uses. Such highway removal is often part of a policy to promote smart growth, transit-oriented development, walkable and bicycle-friendly cities. In some cases ... Read »


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    • Fuzzy architectural spatial analysis

    • Fuzzy architectural spatial analysis (FASA) (also fuzzy inference system (FIS) based architectural space analysis or fuzzy spatial analysis) is a spatial analysis method of analysing the spatial formation and architectural space intensity within any architectural organization. Fuzzy architectural spatial analysis is u ... Read »


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    • Garden square

    • A garden square is an open space with buildings surrounding a garden, often located in fashionable urban areas. There are many garden squares in London, England, for example. The large estates in London, e.g., the Bedford Estate in Bloomsbury, included garden squares in their development. Originally the gardens were a ... Read »


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    • General rating of city appeal

    • The general rating of city appeal — is a method for calculating and comparing the city appeal and urban environment, based on determining their number values and the threshold of appeal. The method is based on collection, description and assessment of qualitative and quantitative indices. Quantitative indices are ... Read »


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    • Grand Genève


    • Green development

    • Green development is a real estate development concept that carefully considers social and environmental impacts of development. It is defined by three sub-categories: environmental responsiveness, resource efficiency, and community and cultural sensitivity. Environmental responsiveness respects the intrinsic value of ... Read »


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    • Growth management

    • Growth management, in the United States, is a set of techniques used by government to ensure that as the population grows that there are services available to meet their demands. These are not necessarily only government services. Other demands such as the protection of natural spaces, sufficient and affordable housing ... Read »


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    • Guerrilla crosswalks

    • Guerrilla crosswalks are created by modifying existing pedestrian crossing or painting new crosswalk lines. This is done without jurisdictional approval and with the intent of improving pedestrian and other non-automobile safety. These interventions are a common strategy within tactical urbanism, a term used to describ ... Read »


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    • H-500 Holon

    • The H-500 project is an outline planning scheme in accordance with the Planning and Building Law for South Holon, Israel. The area of the project is approximately 4,080 dunams and it is the largest, undeveloped land reserve remaining in Holon. The scheme is bounded in the north by Sderot Yerushalayim and the Kiryat Sha ... Read »


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    • Heart of the City (Kaliningrad)

    • The Heart of the City is a long-term project aiming at the redevelopment of the historic centre of Kaliningrad, the area surrounding the former Königsberg Castle and the House of Soviets. The project implementation unit is a Non-governmental organization Urban Planning Bureau “Heart of the City” (Russian n ... Read »


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    • Height restriction laws

    • Height restriction laws are laws that restrict the maximum height of structures. There are a variety of reasons for these measures. Some restrictions limit the height of new buildings so as not to block views of an older work decreed to be an important landmark by a government. For example, In the Tsarist Russian capi ... Read »


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    • Home rule in the United States

    • In the United States, home rule refers to the authority of a constituent part (administrative division) of a U.S. state to exercise powers of governance and perform functions pertaining to its government and affairs delegated to it by the central (state) government. The latitude of authority granted to local government ... Read »


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    • Housing development

    • A housing development is a structured real estate development of residential buildings. Popular throughout the United States and the United Kingdom, they are often areas of high-density, low-impact residences of single-family detached homes, and often allow for separate ownership of each housing unit, for example throu ... Read »


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    • Ideal city

    • An ideal city is the concept of a plan for a city that has been conceived in accordance with the dictates of some "rational" or "moral" objective. The "ideal" nature of such a city may encompass the moral, spiritual and juridical qualities of citizenship as well as the ways in which these are realised through urba ... Read »


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    • Index of urban sociology articles

    • Urban sociology is the sociological study of social life and human interaction in metropolitan areas. It is a normative discipline of sociology seeking to study the structures, processes, changes and problems of an urban area and by doing so providing inputs for planning and policy making. abandonment — accessi ... Read »


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    • India: the Urban Transition

    • India: the Urban Transition is a book by the Danish architect-urbanist Henrik Valeur, curator of an award winning exhibition about the urban transition of China. The book is based on the author's collaboration with activists, bureaucrats, developers, entrepreneurs, researchers and students in India between 2010 and 201 ... Read »


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    • Indigenous planning

    • Indigenous planning (or Indigenous community planning) is an ideological approach to the field of regional planning where planning done by Indigenous peoples for Indigenous communities. Practitioners employ practices that integrate traditional knowledge or cultural knowledge into the process of planning. Indigenous pla ... Read »


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    • Industrial deconcentration

    • Industrial deconcentration is the movement of industrial zones (factories) away from the center of the city, and further away from each other. It is similar to suburbanization, a residential trend in which a large number of the population move away from the metropolis as the inner city becomes overcrowded. Industrial ... Read »


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    • Institute for Transportation and Development Policy

    • Institute for Transportation and Development Policy

      The Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) is a non-governmental non-profit organization that focuses on developing bus rapid transit (BRT) systems, promoting biking, walking, and non-motorized transport, and improving private bus operators margins. Other programs include parking reform, traffic dem ... Read »


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    • Institutional analysis

    • Institutional analysis is that part of the social sciences which studies how institutions—i.e., structures and mechanisms of social order and cooperation governing the behavior of two or more individuals—behave and function according to both empirical rules (informal rules-in-use and norms) and also theoretic ... Read »


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    • Institutional analysis and development framework

    • The Institutional Analysis and Development framework (IAD) is a systematic method to collect policy analysis functions similar to analytic technique commonly used in physical and social sciences and understand the ways an institution can operate and change over a period of time. It was developed by Elinor Ostrom, an Am ... Read »


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    • Integrated catchment management

    • Integrated catchment management is a subset of environmental planning which approaches sustainable resource management from a catchment perspective, in contrast to a piecemeal approach that artificially separates land management from water management. Integrated catchment management recognizes the existence of ecosyst ... Read »


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    • Integrated master plan

    • In the United States Department of Defense, the Integrated Master Plan (IMP) and the Integrated Master Schedule (IMS) are important program management tools that provide significant assistance in the planning and scheduling of work efforts in large and complex materiel acquisitions. The IMP is event-driven plan documen ... Read »


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    • International Association of Public Transport

    • The International Association of Public Transport (UITP, from the French: L’Union internationale des transports publics) is a non-profit advocacy organization for public transport authorities and operators, policy decision-makers, scientific institutes and the public transport supply and service industry. The asso ... Read »


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    • International charter for walking

    • The International charter for walking is an initiative undertaken by 'Walk21' to encourage walking in urban areas for benefits to health, the environment and the economy. ... Read »


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    • Irish Planning Institute

    • The Irish Planning Institute (IPI) is an all-island professional body representing professional planners engaged in physical and environmental planning in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. The IPI works with both its members and other built environment professionals to promote and improve the quality of pl ... Read »


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    • Isochrone map

    • An isochrone map (isochrone plan, isochrone diagram) in science and urban planning is a map showing areas related to between different points. An isochrone is defined as "a line drawn on a map connecting points at which something occurs or arrives at the same time". Such a map is sometimes termed simply an isochrone. ... Read »


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    • Jane's Walk


    • Joseph Bellomo Architects

    • Joseph Bellomo Architects, Inc. is an architecture office located in Palo Alto, California. Founded in 1986, the design office provides architecture, planning, interior design, and graphic design. The firm specializes in innovative and sustainable architecture that “heats itself, cools itself, powers itself, expre ... Read »


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    • Land banking

    • Land banking is the practice of aggregating parcels of land for future sale or development. While in many countries land banking may refer to various private real-estate investment schemes, in the United States it refers to the establishment of quasi-governmental county or municipal authorities purposed with managing ... Read »


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    • Land development

    • Land development refers to altering the landscape in any number of ways such as: In an economics context, land development is also sometimes advertised as land improvement or land amelioration. It refers to investments making land more usable by humans. For accounting purposes it refers to any variety of projects ... Read »


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    • Land-use forecasting

    • Land-use forecasting undertakes to project the distribution and intensity of trip generating activities in the urban area. In practice, land-use models are demand-driven, using as inputs the aggregate information on growth produced by an aggregate economic forecasting activity. Land-use estimates are inputs to the tran ... Read »


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    • Landscape and Urban Planning

    • Landscape and Urban Planning is a Peer reviewed scientific journal published by Elsevier. The co-editors-in-chief are Paul H. Gobster (USDA Forest Service) and W.-N. Xiang (Global Institute for Urban and Regional Sustainability, East China Normal University). Journal Citation Reports ranked the journal 1st in the Urb ... Read »


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    • Landscape urbanism

    • Landscape urbanism is a theory of urban planning arguing that the best way to organize cities is through the design of the city's landscape, rather than the design of its buildings. The phrase 'landscape urbanism' first appeared in the mid 1990s. Since this time, the phrase 'landscape urbanism' has taken on many differ ... Read »


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    • Linear settlement

    • In geography, a linear settlement is a (normally small to medium-sized) settlement or group of buildings that is formed in a long line. Many follow a transport route, such as a road, river, or canal though some form due to physical restrictions, such as coastlines, mountains, hills or valleys, as in the case of Victori ... Read »


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    • Localization and Urbanization Economies

    • Localization and Urbanization Economies are two types of external economies of scale, or agglomeration economies. External economies of scale result from an increase in the productivity of an entire industry, region, or economy due to factors outside of an individual company. There are three sources of external economi ... Read »


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    • Los Angeles School

    • The Los Angeles School of Urbanism is an academic movement which emerged during the mid-1980s, loosely based at UCLA and the University of Southern California, which centers urban analysis on Los Angeles, California. The first published identification of the Los Angeles (L.A.) School as such was by Mike Davis in h ... Read »


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    • Macro Sea

    • Macro Sea

      Macro Sea is an American real estate development firm formed in 2009 by developer David Belt. Primarily known for its development of adaptive reuse and interim use projects, Macro Sea has been the subject of substantial media coverage recently because of its development of New Lab, Building 128 in the Brooklyn Navy Yar ... Read »


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    • Malta Environment and Planning Authority

    • The Malta Environment and Planning Authority (MEPA) was the national agency responsible for the environment and planning in Malta. The national agency was established to regulate the environment and planning on the Maltese islands of Malta, Gozo and other small islets of the Maltese archipelago. MEPA is bound to follow ... Read »


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    • Manual for Streets

    • In England and Wales, the Manual for Streets, published in March 2007, provides guidance for practitioners involved in the planning, design, provision and approval of new streets, and modifications to existing ones. It aims to increase the quality of life through good design which creates more people-oriented streets. ... Read »


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    • Mapumental

    • Mapumental

      Mapumental is free and open source software by mySociety for displaying journeys in terms of how long they take, rather than by distance, a technique also known as isochrone or geospatial mapping. Users input one or more postcodes and Mapumental displays a map overlaid with coloured bands, each of which represent a se ... Read »


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    • Marchetti's constant


    • Mediaspree

    • Mediaspree is one of the largest property investment projects in Berlin. It aims to establish telecommunication and media companies along a section of the banks of the river Spree as well as to implement an urban renewal of the surrounding area. So far, for the most part, unused or temporarily occupied real estate is t ... Read »


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    • Medina quarter

    • A medina quarter (Arabic: المدينة القديمة‎‎ al-madÄ«nah al-qadÄ«mah "the old city") is a distinct city section found in many North African cities. The medina is typically walled, with many narrow and maze-like streets. The word "" (Arabic: ‎‎ madÄ«nah) ... Read »


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    • Medium-density housing

    • Medium-density housing is a term used in Australia to describe residential developments that are at higher densities than standard low-density, (or 'broadhectare') suburban subdivisions, but not so high that they might be regarded as high density housing. The density of standard suburban residential areas has tradition ... Read »


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    • Merger (politics)

    • A merger, consolidation or amalgamation, in a political or administrative sense, is the combination of two or more political or administrative entities, such as municipalities (in other words cities, towns, etc.), counties, districts, etc., into a single entity. This term is used when the process occurs within a sovere ... Read »


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    • Messestadt Riem

    • Messestadt Riem (literally: Convention City Riem) is an urban district in the east of Munich. It is part of the municipality 15 Trudering-Riem, and located entirely on the grounds of the 1992 abandoned Munich-Riem airport and includes today, along with a residential area, the Neue Messe München trade fair center and ... Read »


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    • Metropolitan Area Projects Plan

    • MAPS, or Metropolitan Area Projects Plan, is a multi-year, municipal capital improvement program, consisting of a number of projects, originally conceived in the 1990s in Oklahoma City by its then mayor Ron Norick. A MAPS program features several interrelated and defined capital projects, funded by a temporary sales ta ... Read »


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    • Metropolitan planning organization

    • A metropolitan planning organization (MPO) is a federally mandated and federally funded transportation policy-making organization in the United States that is made up of representatives from local government and governmental transportation authorities. MPOs were introduced by the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1962, which ... Read »


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    • Metropolitan planning organizations of New Jersey

    • There are three metropolitan planning organizations (MPO) in New Jersey. The organizations are the main decision-making forums for selecting projects for the Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) in deliberations involving the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT), the New Jersey Transit Corpora ... Read »


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    • Metropolitan Reticular Matrix Planning

    • Metropolitan Reticular Matrix Planning (also known as 'CT' planning - see below) is an approach to managing the growth of metropolises. It is a type of regional planning, as it deals with issues beyond strict city limits. It was first applied to the Madrid Metropolitan Plan in 1996 and has since been applied to a numbe ... Read »


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    • Metropolitan Town Planning Commission

    • The Metropolitan Town Planning Commission was created in 1922 by the Victorian state government to provide advice for the planning and development of the City of Melbourne, Australia. It produced the first comprehensive urban development strategy for Melbourne in 1929, and influenced future development for many years ... Read »


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    • MetroQuest

    • MetroQuest is a web-based suite of public engagement tools that is used by planning, architecture and engineering firms to engage stakeholders and the public throughout the entire planning cycle. The roots of the software can be traced back to the University of British Columbia, and a large, interdisciplinary researc ... Read »


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    • Microapartment

    • A microapartment, also known as a microflat, is a one-room, self-contained living space, usually purpose built, designed to accommodate a sitting space, sleeping space, bathroom and kitchenette with a size of 4-10 square metres (43-107 square feet, 1.2-3 tsubo). In some cases, residents may also have access to a commun ... Read »


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    • Missing Middle Housing

    • Missing Middle Housing consists of multi-unit housing types such as duplexes, fourplexes, bungalow courts, and mansion apartments that are not bigger than a large house, that are integrated throughout most walkable Pre-1940s neighborhoods, often integrated into blocks with primarily single-family homes, and that provid ... Read »


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    • Modelur

    • Modelur

      Modelur is a 3D parametric urban design software, implemented as a SketchUp plugin. In contrast to common CAD applications, where the user designs buildings with usual dimensions such as width, depth and height, Modelur offers design of built environment through key urban parameters such as number of storeys and gross ... Read »


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    • Monotown

    • A monotown (a calque from Russian , monogorod; gorod="town") is a city/town whose economy is dominated by a single industry or company. This means that most employments (except for service to residents like schools and shops) are by the main company. The term is especially often used in Russia, where the Soviet planned ... Read »


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    • Moscow Urban Forum

    • The Moscow Urban Forum (MUF) is an international forum about urbanization issues held in Moscow annually under the auspices of the Government of Moscow. The first MUF was held in 7-9 December 2011, the second took place 4-5 December 2012, and the third in 5-6 December 2013. MUF serves as a platform for open dialogue am ... Read »


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    • Multiple nuclei model

    • The multiple nuclei model is an economical model created by Chauncy Harris and Edward Ullman in the 1945 article "The Nature of Cities". The model describes the layout of a city, based on San Francisco. It says that even though a city may have begun with a central business district, or CBD, other smaller CBDs deve ... Read »


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    • Municipal annexation in the United States

    • Municipal annexation is a process by which a municipality expands its boundaries into adjacent areas not already incorporated into the municipality. This has been a common response of cities to urbanization in neighboring areas. It may be done because the neighboring urban areas seek municipal services or because a cit ... Read »


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    • Municipal charter

    • A city charter or town charter (generically, municipal charter) is a legal document (charter) establishing a municipality such as a city or town. The concept developed in Europe during the Middle Ages. Traditionally the granting of a charter gave a settlement and its inhabitants the right to town privileges under the ... Read »


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    • Municipal corporation

    • A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs. Municipal incorporation occurs when such municipalities become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province ... Read »


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    • Muringa vila

    • Muringa vila (Malayalam: The place of the muringa tree) is an international development project in Kovalam, Kerala, India, for sustainable building and income structures for the local participants. Structured after the concept of creative participation Muringa Vila integrates vital interests of its cultural creative pa ... Read »


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    • Neighbourhoods Green

    • Neighbourhoods Green is an English partnership initiative which works with social landlords and housing associations to highlight the importance of open and green space for residents and raise the overall quality of design and management with these groups. The partnership was established in 2003 when Peabody Trust ... Read »


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    • New pedestrianism

    • New Pedestrianism (NP) is a more pedestrian and ecology-oriented variation of New Urbanism in urban planning theory, founded in 1999 by Michael E. Arth, an American artist, urban/home/landscape designer, futurist, and author. NP addresses the problems associated with New Urbanism and is an attempt to solve various soci ... Read »


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    • New Suburbanism

    • New Suburbanism is an urban design movement which intends to improve on existing suburban or exurban designs. New Suburbanists seek to establish an alternative between a dichotomy of the centripedal city and centrifugal suburb, by features such as rear-loading garages and walking-focused landscaping. New urbanism, tho ... Read »


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    • New towns movement

    • The new town movement refers to towns that were built after World War II and that have been purposefully planned, developed and built as a remedy to overcrowding and congestion in some instances, and to scattered ad hoc settlements in others. The main reason for it was to decongest larger industrialized cities, rehousi ... Read »


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    • Newbury principles

    • The Newbury Principles collectively refer to an urban planning guideline stating that decisions should be made based only on the planning considerations relevant to the current development, even if the consideration of ulterior purposes may lead to a greater public good. In practice, the principles are used as a test t ... Read »


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    • NextCity


    • Official community plan

    • In Canada, an official community plan is a comprehensive plan created by an incorporated municipality which dictates public policy in terms of transportation, utilities, land use, recreation, and housing. OCPs typically encompass large geographical areas, a broad range of topics, and cover a long-term time horizon. The ... Read »


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    • Oglethorpe Plan

    • James Edward Oglethorpe founded the Georgia Colony, and the town of Savannah, on February 12, 1733 (February 1, 1732 by the Julian calendar used in the British colonies until September 2, 1752). The new Georgia colony was authorized under a grant from George II to a group constituted by Oglethorpe as the Trustees for t ... Read »


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    • Online land planning

    • Online land planning is a collaborative process in which sustainable development practices and design professionals from across the world are networked to provide advice and solutions on urban design and land planning issues. The target audience includes property owners, communities, businesses and government agencies ... Read »


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    • Urban open space

    • In land use planning, urban open space is open space areas for "parks", "green spaces", and other open areas. The landscape of urban open spaces can range from playing fields to highly maintained environments to relatively natural landscapes. They are commonly open to public access, however, urban open spaces may be pr ... Read »


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    • The Origins of the Urban Crisis

    • Author Thomas J. Sugrue Country United States Language English Subject Sociology,
    • The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit

      The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit, is the first book by historian and Detroit native Thomas J. Sugrue in which he examines the role race, housing, job discrimination, and capital flight played in the decline of Detroit. Sugrue argues that the decline of Detroit began long before th ... Read »


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    • Overurbanization

    • Overurbanization is a thesis originally developed by scholars of demography, geography, ecology, economics, political science, and sociology in the 20th century to describe cities whose rate of urbanization outpaces their industrial growth and economic development. Overurbanized countries are characterized by an inabil ... Read »


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    • Park system

    • A park system, also known as an open space system, is a network of open spaces which are connected by public walkways, bridleways or cycleways. In modern landscape practice, the park system concept is being overtaken by the idea of planning greenways which run through urban and rural areas. One of the earliest park sy ... Read »


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    • Parking guidance and information

    • Parking guidance and information (PGI) systems, or car park guidance systems, present drivers with dynamic information on parking within controlled areas. The systems combine traffic monitoring, communication, processing and variable message sign technologies to provide the service. Modern parking lots utilize a varie ... Read »


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    • Parklet

    • A parklet is a sidewalk extension that provides more space and amenities for people using the street. Usually parklets are installed on parking lanes and use several parking spaces. Parklets typically extend out from the sidewalk at the level of the sidewalk to the width of the adjacent parking space. Parklets are int ... Read »


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    • Participatory budgeting

    • Participatory budgeting (PB) is a process of democratic deliberation and decision-making, and a type of participatory democracy, in which ordinary people decide how to allocate part of a municipal or public budget. Participatory budgeting allows citizens to identify, discuss, and prioritize public spending projects, an ... Read »


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    • Participatory planning

    • Participatory planning is an urban planning paradigm that emphasizes involving the entire community in the strategic and management processes of urban planning; or, community-level planning processes, urban or rural. It is often considered as part of community development. Participatory planning aims to harmonize views ... Read »


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    • Pedestrian village

    • A pedestrian village is a compact, pedestrian-oriented neighborhood or town, with a mixed-use village center, that follows the tenets of New Pedestrianism. Shared-use lanes for pedestrians and those using bicycles, Segways, wheelchairs, and other small rolling conveyances that do not use internal combustion engines. Ge ... Read »


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    • People flow

    • People flow as refers to numerous people moving, around buildings, around cities or across borders. Urbanization creates a need for managing traffic flow in cities. As of 2005 more than 50% of the world population lived in cities and the process of urbanization is expected to continue. As the population in cities ... Read »


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    • Piazza telematica

    • In the fields of urban planning, urban regeneration and e-government, the term piazza telematica has been used in Italy since the early 1990s by a number of community network and local institutions for promoting the insertion, inside the urban upgrading processes, of the principles of sustainable development and of acc ... Read »


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    • Plan Zuid

    • The Plan Zuid ("South Plan") is an urban development plan of Amsterdam South in the city of Amsterdam, Netherlands, designed by architect Hendrik Petrus Berlage. At the beginning of the 20th century, Berlage was asked by the Amsterdam city council to design a plan for developing the undeveloped area south of the city ... Read »


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    • PLANDET

    • PLANDET (Urban Development Planning of Trujillo) is an agency of the Municipality of Trujillo in charge of urban development planning of the city, created by the Municipality of Trujillo with authority granted by the Organic Law of Municipalities, for the government of town. This agency specializes in urban planning su ... Read »


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    • Planned unit development

    • A planned unit development (PUD), is a type of building development and also a regulatory process. As a building development, it is a designed grouping of both varied and compatible land uses, such as housing, recreation, commercial centers, and industrial parks, all within one contained development or subdivision. ... Read »


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    • Planning cultures

    • Planning cultures are the differing customs and practices in the profession of urban and regional planning that exist around the world. The discourse, models, and styles of communication in planning are adapted to the various local conditions of each community such that planning approaches from one part of the world ar ... Read »


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    • Planning theory in ancient China

    • Ancient large-scale cities in China were always governmental center of the royal blood and planned to be symbols of this kind of government. The design ideas and city layout were affected by consciousness of concentrated royal power. By means of social research methods, the article confirms the close relationship betwe ... Read »


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    • Pocket neighborhood

    • A pocket neighborhood is a type of planned community that consists of a grouping of smaller residences, often around a courtyard or common garden, designed to promote a close knit sense of community and neighborliness with an increased level of contact. Considerations involved in planning and zoning pocket neighborhood ... Read »


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    • Pocket park

    • A pocket park (also known as a parkette, mini-park, vest-pocket park or vesty park) is a small park accessible to the general public. Pocket parks are frequently created on a single vacant building lot or on small, irregular pieces of land. They also may be created as a component of the public space requirement of larg ... Read »


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    • Principles of intelligent urbanism

    • Principles of intelligent urbanism (PIU) is a theory of urban planning composed of a set of ten axioms intended to guide the formulation of city plans and urban designs. They are intended to reconcile and integrate diverse urban planning and management concerns. These axioms include environmental sustainability, herita ... Read »


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    • Privately owned public space

    • Privately owned public space (POPS), or alternatively, privately owned public open spaces (POPOS), are terms used to describe a category of physical space that, although privately owned, is legally required to be open to the public under a city's zoning ordinance or other land-use law. The acronym POPOS is preferential ... Read »


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    • Problem property

    • Problem property is terminology used by city governments seeking to apply pressure to the owners and managers of buildings where crime has occurred. "Problem property" is also used to describe any land or building that has negative issues associated with it, such as difficult to sell, uncertain ownership, flooding, etc ... Read »


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    • Projexity

    • Projexity is a Canadian company that offers online audience engagement tools to groups, organizations and municipalities. Projexity's tools have predominantly been used by organizations with strong social impact mandates like the David Suzuki Foundation. Projexity's tools aim to make it easy for the public to submit c ... Read »


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    • Public participation geographic information system

    • A public participation geographic information system (PPGIS) is meant to bring the academic practices of GIS and mapping to the local level in order to promote knowledge production by local and non-governmental groups. The idea behind PPGIS is empowerment and inclusion of marginalized populations, who have little voice ... Read »


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    • Public transport planning

    • Public transport planning or transit planning is the professional discipline responsible for developing public transport systems. It is a hybrid discipline involving aspects of transport engineering and traditional urban planning. Indeed, many transit planners find themselves involved in discourse with urban-land-use i ... Read »


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    • Puerto Madero

    • Puerto Madero

      Puerto Madero, also known within the urban planning community as the Puerto Madero Waterfront, is a barrio (district) of the Argentine capital at Buenos Aires CBD, occupying a significant portion of the Río de la Plata riverbank and representing the latest architectural trends in the city of Buenos Aires. From ... Read »


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    • Radical planning

    • Radical planning is a stream of urban planning which seeks to manage development in an equitable and community-based manner. The seminal text to the radical planning movement is Foundations for a Radical Concept in Planning (1973), by Stephen Grabow and Allen Heskin. Grabow and Heskin provided a critique of planning a ... Read »


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    • Rational planning model

    • The rational planning model is a model of the planning process involving a number of rational actions or steps. Taylor (1998) outlines five steps, as follows: The rational planning model is used in planning and designing neighborhoods, cities, and regions. It has been central in the development of modern urban plannin ... Read »


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    • Mel Ravitz

    • Dr. Melvin Ravitz was a professor, progressive politician, sociologist, and community advocate who served in various positions in the Detroit city government during the second half of the twentieth century. He worked to include citizen voices in the debate over urban renewal, both from the perspective of an academic an ... Read »


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    • Redevelopment

    • Redevelopment is any new construction on a site that has pre-existing uses. Variations on redevelopment include: Redevelopment projects can be small or large ranging from a single building to entire new neighborhoods or "new town in town" projects. Redevelopment also refers to state and federal statutes which gi ... Read »


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    • Regional park

    • A regional park is an area of land preserved on account of its natural beauty, historic interest, recreational use or other reason, and under the administration of a form of local government. A regional park can be a special park district covering a region crossing several jurisdiction boundaries, or a park system of ... Read »


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    • Regional planning

    • Regional planning deals with the efficient placement of land-use activities, infrastructure, and settlement growth across a larger area of land than an individual city or town. Regional planning is a sub-field of urban planning as it relates land use practices on a broader scale. Although the term "regional planni ... Read »


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    • Rent control in the United States

    • Rent control in the United States refers to laws or ordinances that set price controls on the renting of American residential housing. They function as a price ceiling. In the United States during World War I, rents were "controlled" through a combination of public pressure and the efforts of local anti-rent-profi ... Read »


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    • Rent regulation

    • Rent regulation is a system of laws, administered by a court or a public authority, which aim to ensure the quality and affordability of housing and tenancies on the rental market for land. Comprehensive rent regulation is common in Commonwealth and European Union countries, including Canada, Germany, Ireland, Cyprus a ... Read »


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    • Residential cluster development

    • A Residential Cluster Development, or open space development, is the grouping of residential properties on a development site in order to use the extra land as open space, recreation or agriculture. It is increasingly becoming popular in subdivision development because it allows the developer to spend much less on land ... Read »


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    • Reverse sensitivity

    • Reverse sensitivity is a term from the New Zealand planning system. It describes the impacts of newer uses on prior activities occurring in mixed-use areas. Some activities tend to have the effect of limiting the ability of established ones to continue. A key instance is the impact of new residential development on mi ... Read »


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    • Ribbon development

    • Ribbon development is building houses along the routes of communications radiating from a human settlement. Such development generated great concern in the United Kingdom during the 1920s and the 1930s as well as in numerous other countries. Increasing motor car ownership meant that houses could be sold easily even if ... Read »


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    • Right to the city

    • The right to the city is an idea and a slogan that was first proposed by Henri Lefebvre in his 1968 book Le Droit à la ville. Le Febvre summarizes the idea as a "demand...[for] a transformed and renewed access to urban life".David Harvey described it as follows: The right to the city is far more than the indiv ... Read »


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    • Rubanisation

    • Rubanisation is a re-conceptualisation of human settlements in which the city and the countryside are considered as one space, not two as it is now - city and countryside are regarded as separate realms. Rubanisation stems from the belief that the continued consideration of the rural and the urban as two distinct realm ... Read »


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    • Rural cluster development

    • A rural cluster development (RCD) is a form of residential subdivision. In an RCD, houses are clustered together in areas zoned for larger properties. The remainder of the land is often designated "open space". The effect is tract-home density in the middle of rural communities. ... Read »


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    • Rural flight

    • Rural flight (or rural exodus) is the migratory pattern of peoples from rural areas into urban areas. It is urbanization seen from the rural perspective. In modern times, it often occurs in a region following the industrialization of agriculture—when fewer people are needed to bring the same amount of agricultura ... Read »


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    • Rural–urban fringe


    • Secondary city

    • A "secondary city" often follows after a primate city and can be seen in the urban hierarchy. Secondary cities have between “500,000 to 3 million inhabitants, but are often unknown outside of their national or regional context. Secondary cities in the Global South will undergo massive expansions in the next few de ... Read »


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    • Secondary suite

    • Secondary suite (or accessory suite) is an urban planning term used mainly in North American English for a self-contained apartment in an owner occupied single-family home/ lot that is either attached to the principal dwelling or in a separate structure on the same property. In British English the term "annexe" is used ... Read »


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    • Sector model

    • The sector model, also known as the Hoyt model, is a model of urban land use proposed in 1932 by economist Homer Hoyt. It is a modification of the concentric zone model of city development. The benefits of the application of this model include the fact it allows for an outward progression of growth. As with all simple ... Read »


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    • Settlement geography

    • Settlement geography is a branch of geography that investigates the earth's surface's part settled by humans. According to the United Nations' Vancouver Declaration on Human Settlements (1976), "human settlements means the totality of the human community – whether city, town or village – with all the social, ... Read »


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    • Shanty town

    • A shanty town or squatter area is a settlement of improvised housing, called shanties or shacks, made of plywood, corrugated metal, sheets of plastic, and cardboard boxes. Such settlements are usually found on the periphery of cities, in public parks, or near railroad tracks, rivers, lagoons or city trash dump sites. S ... Read »


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    • Site and services

    • Site and services is an approach to bringing shelter within the economic reach of the poor. Recognizing that the vast majority of low income families in the world build their own shelter, which lacks basic hygiene, access and electricity, the strategy was developed. The approach first appeared on a large scale in Madr ... Read »


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    • The Sixteen Principles of Urban Design

    • Die Sechzehn Grundsätze des Städtebaus, or The Sixteen Principles of Urban Design, were from 1950 until 1955 the primary model for urban planning in the GDR. Decided by the Government of the German Democratic Republic on 27 July 1950: The urban planning and architectural design of our cities, which shall in ... Read »


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    • Skycourts and Skygardens

    • A roof garden is a garden on the roof of a building. Besides the decorative benefit, roof plantings may provide food, temperature control, hydrological benefits, architectural enhancement, habitats or corridors for wildlife, recreational opportunities, and in large scale it may even have ecological benefits. The practi ... Read »


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    • Smart green resilient

    • Smart Green Resilient, also known as SGR, refers to an emerging planning approach that aims to enable pragmatic concerns to be addressed simultaneously with major environmental issues and to structure long-term resilience in urban planning strategies, masterplans and sustainability frameworks for a wide range of contex ... Read »


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    • Solidere

    • Solidere s.a.l.

      Solidere s.a.l. is a Lebanese joint-stock company in charge of planning and redeveloping Beirut Central District following the conclusion, in 1990, of the devastating Lebanese Civil War. By agreement with the government, Solidere enjoys special powers of eminent domain as well as a limited regulatory authority codified ... Read »


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  • What Else?

    • Urban planning

Extras